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கருத்துக்கள உறுப்பினர்கள்
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Everything posted by kurukaalapoovan

  1. Raman’s war and his historical analogies By Neville de Silva The other day a journalist friend of mine (more a TV person than a print journalist) emailed me an article by B. Raman, a former additional secretary of India’s cabinet secretariat and currently the director of the Institute For Topical Studies in Chennai. Given the political turbulence in Tamil Nadu over Sri Lanka and the pressure by Chennai politicians on India’s central government to take positive action to ensure a ceasefire in Sri Lanka, it was useful to read what a Chennai-based analyst whose writings appear regularly in the Colombo media had to say about the military conflict. More so since he had decided to title this particular piece “Kilinochchi: The Kiss of Death.” That apparently has to be read with a previous article he wrote that was called “Kilinochchi: The Spectre of Stalingrad.” I remember that his analogy of Stalingrad and the possibility of Kilinochchi turning into a Stalingrad for the Sri Lankan military was rubbished in a riposte that exposed Raman’s lack of knowledge of that battle in the Soviet theatre of war. In this particular article Raman not only continues to claim that Kilinochchi could turn out to be another Stalingrad but also now cites the Allied victory at El Alamein against Field Marshal Rommel’s Panzer Armee Africa as a possible scenario in the battle for Kilinochchi. Since the Stalingrad analogy has already been dismissed as inappropriate and even irrelevant I would not delve into that given space constraints. What does interest me in Raman’s second piece is the new analogy of El Alamein. Says Raman : “The battle being fought for Kilinochchi is a combined miniature version of the battles for Stalingrad in the erstwhile USSR and El Alamein in North Africa. At Stalingrad, the Soviet Army beat back the Nazis after inflicting heavy casualties on them. At El Alamein, the allied troops commanded by Gen Bernard Montgomery (later a Field Marshal) beat back the advancing Nazi Army commanded by Gen Rommel with heavy casualties. These two battles marked the turning points in the Second World War.” While it is true that they were decisive battles and did indeed turn the tide against the Axis forces, one must ask seriously whether Raman is not oversimplifying the Allied victory in El Alamein under Montgomery. Had Raman referred to the First Battle of El Alamein, then one might have conceded his point though the outcome of Kilinochchi is still awaited. In July 1942, after Rommel’s success at the Battle of Gazala he struck deep into Egypt threatening the Commonwealth’s use of the Suez Canal. General Claude (the Auk) Auchinleck withdrew the Eighth Army to within 50 miles of Alexandria to a point where the Qattara Depression came within 40 miles of El Alamein on the coast. This gave the defenders a short front to defend and secure flanks because the tanks could not traverse the Depression. In early July the Axis advance was halted in the First Battle for El Alamein. If Raman had compared, though again the analogy is somewhat tenuous, to Gen Auchinleck’s halting of Rommel it might have been more meaningful. But when he cites Montgomory’s victory over Rommel, then Raman is surely looking at a desert mirage. By quoting Churchill, Raman is paying the usual tribute given to Montgomery as one of the greatest generals of the Second World War and comparable to Wellington before him. Much of this image was built by Montgomery himself, a self publicist and as some say, an egomaniac. When Montgomery died in early April 1976 and the usual gushing tributes flowed in I was on the Sunday Observer. I remember writing an article in that paper debunking this overestimation of Montgomery. If after 30 years I remember correctly the headline I gave to it was “Desert Rat or Field Mouse”. It might be recalled that while Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was called the Desert Fox for his cunning ploys and thrusts and counter thrusts in the African deserts, the British Eighth Army was called the Desert Rats. After defeating Rommel at El Alamein, Montgomery did not pursue the battered Panzer Armee which had hardly any armour left and were largely without supplies. Montgomery’s overcautious pursuit of Rommel resembled more of a field mouse than the much vaunted desert rats and military historians as well as serving military men have criticized him severely for allowing Rommel’s tattered army to escape when it could possibly have been annihilated. Relying on military historian Corelli Barnett’s superbly written book “The Desert Generals”, I argued that Montgomery was overrated as a general and the real credit should go to his predecessor Gen Auckinleck who halted Rommel. If Raman is arguing that like Montgomery the LTTE forces would not only be able to blunt the offensive of the Sri Lankan forces but turn the battle later into an offensive victory and inflict reversals, then Raman has obviously not studied the Second Battle of El Alamein in any depth and has cursorily assigned great military prowess to Montgomery, implying of course that Prabhakaran could become another Montgomery. Raman forgot a crucial factor in this particular El Alamein battle. Rommel was sick and away recuperating. His second-in-command Gen: Stomm died of a heart attack on the field and Rommel was hurriedly sent back to take charge. More importantly, a point that Raman misses or carefully avoids mentioning, is that Rommel attacked though he was facing over-extended supply lines and a relative lack of reinforcements and was well aware that massive reinforcements of both men and material were arriving and more were due to arrive to strengthen the Allied defence. It is true Montgomery stopped Rommel at Alam el Halfa Ridge and Point 102. Having failed Rommel dug in. This is the crucial point. After some six weeks of preparation when the Eighth Army was ready to strike Montgomery had superiority in men and material on his side. Accounts vary but it is generally accepted that Montgomery had between 220,000-230,000 men and 1,100- 1,300 tanks. They faced a Panzer Armee 80,000 - 115,000 troops and 280-559 tanks. Perhaps the difference in numbers on the Axis side is that some historians and writers are counting only the German component, as the Panzer Armee consisted of a mix of German and Italian infantry and armour. Moreover Montgomery had more artillery and aircraft, though perhaps not the 3 to I ascendancy ratio that military instructors at staff colleges consider necessary for an offensive. If Raman is saying that the LTTE could turn the tables on the Sri Lankan military in the same way Montgomery did at El Alamein then surely he is forgetting the crucial element in that battle. That is the vastly superior forces, armour, air and artillery support that the Eighth Army had over Rommel who was not getting the logistical support because the German Army was well and truly stuck in the Russian front. Surely Raman is not suggesting that the LTTE has such superiority in numbers, equipment and logistical support? If he is, living in Tamil Nadu as he does, then he obviously knows much more than anybody on this side of the Palk Straits, save the LTTE leadership. http://www.sundaytimes.lk/081228/Columns/thoughts.html Kilinochchi and Raman’s kiss of death By Neville de Silva Bahukutumbi Raman, a retired additional secretary of India’s cabinet secretariat who has set himself up as an analyst of topical issues in some Chennai outfit, has come a cropper again. In one of his regular pieces to the local media he wondered, nay virtually predicted, that Kilinochchi besides being another Stalingrad would be the Sri Lankan army’s fatal kiss. Raman was suggesting that overrunning the LTTE’s administrative and political ‘capital’ could prove to be fatal. Why? Because, said Raman with assumed sagacity and wisdom, the LTTE had laid sufficient traps for the state security forces and built up enough defences to fight a significant battle to save their capital. Raman saw the forces being lured into a trap that would prove dangerously costly. In fact, resorting to historical analogy Raman saw the then forthcoming battle for the LTTE’s capital as a combination of the battles of Stalingrad and El Alamein in North Africa. He wrote: “The battle for Kilinochchi is a combined miniature version of the battles of Stalingrad in the erstwhile USSR and El Alamein in North Africa.” Raman was way out on a limb when he cited the example of Field Marshal Montgomery’s defeat of Erwin Rommel as I pointed out in a previous column, for he had actually stood the analogy on its head. Now, having witnessed the fall of Kilinochchi, Raman swiftly changes tack and historical circumstance and tries to draw a parallel with the US army’s unchallenged entry into the Iraqi capital during the invasion of that Arab country post 9/11. Referring to the jubilation shown in many parts of Sri Lanka at the news of the fall of Kilinochchi Raman sees this as a reminiscent of “scenes witnessed after the US army moved without resistance into Baghdad.” So the former Indian government official now passing himself off as an expert analyst of Sri Lankan affairs, particularly politico-military, takes a great leap forward from El Alamein to Baghdad because he finds the Baghdad scenario somewhat more comfortable than that of El Alamein into which he stumbled or bungled without the slightest knowledge of how Field Marshal Montgomery defended and then built up sufficient strength in men and materiel to launch an offensive. Having made a serious faux pas in assessing the LTTE’s military strategy and tactics with regard to Kilinochchi, Raman could only resurrect whatever credibility he has by praying for a Stalingrad. The Sri Lankan armed forces do not have to cope with a severe winter as the German forces did on the Russian front- a second front opened by Hitler against the best counsel of some of his senior military men. Nor do the Sri Lankan forces have the same logistical problems such as long and often vulnerable supply lines that faced the German troops who were sucked in further and further into the vast wastes of Russia. These historical comparisons apart, Raman does not explain how it is that Prabhakaran withdrew from Kilinochchi having made the bravura remark that if President Rajapaksa thought that he could capture Kilinochchi he was living in “dreamland.” What the LTTE leader’s rather dismissive observation of the government’s intention implied was that Kilinochchi would be defended with all the strength and military might at the Tigers’ command. Any hope of capturing Kilinochchi would then be nothing more than somebody’s pipe dream. The situation that faced the Sri Lankan forces that entered the LTTE’s de facto capital might be akin to Raman’s more recent analogy of the American troops entering Baghdad. But then did Raman believe in Prabhakaran’s boast that implied Kilinochchi would never be taken from them. The critical question here is whether Prabhakaran was doing what Goebbels was best known for, the big lie that was intended to mislead by convincing his enemy and the people of the truth of what he carefully propagated. If Prabhakaran was indeed practising the Goebbelsian art of trying to convince the people of something that is not so, he could have had two reasons for doing so. One was to try and convince the advancing Sri Lankan forces that he was going to stand firm at Kilinochchi and fight. Unlike in General Custer’s last stand, Prabhakaran of course would not be there. His field commanders would have to defend the capital and reportedly carry the can for not staying there and fighting as subsequent news reports suggested. Also such defiant words by Prabhakaran would shore up the flagging spirit of the diaspora Tamils who had been led into believing in the invincibility of the LTTE forces but were now beginning to doubt their own propaganda fed to them by such umbrella organisations as the British Tamils Forum and others similar to it in the western world. There could be another reason for the LTTE leader’s dismissive words. By saying they would stand and fight in Kilinochchi, Prabhakaran was saying the government forces would have to pay a heavy price. This would lead to more caution and greater preparedness on the part of the government troops. It would also mean more planning to avoid civilian casualties as it has been reported that the LTTE was using civilians as a human shield and as labour. The time gained would be used by Prabhakaran to move the LTTE apparatus lock, stock and barrel out of Kilinochchi and deeper into the northeast jungles. Pro-LTTE websites reported that the Sri Lanka army “has entered a virtual ghost town as the whole civilian infrastructure as well as the centre of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam had shifted further northeast.” But in trying to minimise the impact of the fall of Kilinochchi and diminish the role of the Sri Lankan forces, pro-LTTE websites such as TamilNet only exposed Prabhakaran’s words as nothing but hollow and even misled those like Raman who say that the LTTE like any rebel army would be defeated only when it did not have the support of the people and a sanctuary it can fall back on. If Tamil Nadu denies that sanctuary and some of its people deny their support then the objective conditions that Raman speaks of will change significantly. While it is true that the LTTE will still continue as a hit and run force, one that will harry and harass and engage in acts of terrorism, it would seem right, now that as a conventional army its effectiveness has been drastically curtailed. If the military assessment of experts is correct then what seems like the cornering of the LTTE has a lesson for those western pundits and diplomats. It is necessary to defeat terrorism militarily before acceptable political solutions are worked out to resolve the larger question. I don’t think that anybody who is seriously intent on solving this problem denies that a political solution needs to be hammered out. The question is when and how. Sri Lanka is trying to show that there are other approaches than those suggested by bystanders who do not have to live with terrorism on the streets. http://www.sundaytimes.lk/090111/Columns/thoughts.html
  2. தாயகத்தில் உள்ள மக்களை பராமரிக்க அவர்களது உணவு மருத்து தேவைகளை பூர்த்தி செய்ய இடம்பெயரும் பொழுது வாகன சேவைகளை வழங்க என்று எல்லாவற்றிற்கும் பணம் தான் அடிப்படைத்தேவை. சிறீலங்கா (உலக உணவுத்திட்டம் உட்பட) தனது நிவாரண பங்களிப்புகளை நிறுத்தி தடையை இறுக்கினால் 4 லட்சத்திற்கு மேற்பட்ட மக்கள் எல்லாத்துக்கும் நம்பியிருப்பது தமிழர் புனர்வாழ்வுக்கழகத்தைத் தான். தாயகத்து நிலமை கவலைக்கிடம் என்று எல்லாவற்றையும் நிறுத்துகிறோம் என்று பொங்கி எழுந்து அவசரமாக தேவைப்படும் நிதிகளை திரட்டுவதற்கான அரிய சந்தர்ப்பங்களையும் மூடிவிட்டு நிலமை எல்லை மீறிய பிறகு கவலைப்பட்டு பயனில்லை. வெண்புறா ஒன்றும் உல்லாச மாளிகை கட்டுவதற்காக நிதித் திரட்டல் செய்ய இந்த நிகழ்வை ஒழுங்கு செய்யவில்லை. நமக்கு முன் இன்று இருப்பது ஒரு delicate balancing act. நிதித் திரட்டல் சந்தர்ப்பங்கள் தவறவிடப்படக் கூடாது. எமது பொருளாதார பலம் தான் எமது மக்களின் அத்தியாவசிய தேவைகளை இன்று பூர்த்தி செய்யப் போகிறது. அதை திரட்டுவதற்கு உரிய வழிகள் அனைத்தும் உச்சமாக பயன்படுத்தப்பட வேண்டும், அது இசை நிகழ்ச்சியாக இருந்தாலும். அதே வேளை தாயகத்து அவலங்கள் பற்றிய உண்மை நிலை அறியப்பட்டு பரந்து பட்ட பரப்புரைகளும் நடக்க வேண்டும். 2 நடவடிக்கைகளுமே அவசியமானவை தான்.
  3. "கிளிநொச்சி பாவைக்காய்" "ஆனையிறவு பாவைக்காய்" எண்ட கவிதைகளுக்கும் கொஞ்சம் உப்பு போட்டு சாப்பிடலாம் போல கிடக்கு.
  4. நீங்கள் எப்பவும் சீரியசாக எழுதினா மொளனமாகாமல் வேறை என்ன செய்யிறது?
  5. அத்தோடு புலம்பெயர்ந்த *** விதம் விதமாக உப்புச்சப்பற்ற கவிதை எழுதி கைய்யாலததனமாக வாய்பாத்தாகவும் வரலாற்றில் பதியப்படும்.
  6. தமிழர்கள் தேசிய ஆதரவு தளத்தில் சந்திப்பதானால் அது எப்பவும் ஒப்பாரி வைக்கவும் ஓலமிடவும் என்று இருக்கக் கூடாது. புலம்பெயர்ந்தவர்கள் தமது இயல்பு வாழ்வை ஆரோக்கியமாகத் தொடர குறித்த அளவு மகிழ்ச்சிகரமான அல்லது ஆறுதல் அளிக்கும் நிகழ்வுகளிலும் கலந்து கொள்ள வேண்டிய அடிப்படை உளவியல் தேவையிருக்கிறது. இந்தத் தேவையை தமிழ்தேசிய ஆதரவு தளத்தில் பூர்த்தி செய்யாவிட்டால் அதை வேறுயாரும் செய்து மக்களின் தேவையை பூர்த்தி செய்து அதே நேரம் தமது நிகழ்ச்சி நிரலையும் அரங்கேற்றிக் கொள்வார்கள். தாயகத்தில் உணவில்லை மருத்துவ வசதியில்லை என்று விட்டு புலம்பெயர்ந்தவர்களும் சாப்பிடாது தேவைக்கு மருந்தெடுக்காது கூத்தாடி ஒண்டையும் சாதிக்க முடியாது. உங்கள் ஒவ்வொருவரது புலம்பெயர்ந்த வாழ்க்கையை ஆரோக்கியமாக வெற்றிகரமாக தனிப்பட்ட முறையில் நடத்தினால் தான் உங்களிற்கு தாயகத்திற்கு காத்திரமான முறையில் பங்களிப்பதற்கான வசதி வாய்ப்புகள் வளங்கள் வந்து சேரும். இல்லாவிட்டால் கைய்யாலாத தனமாக இணையத்தில் ஒப்பாரி வைத்து மகிந்த ஆனந்தசங்கரி கருணாவை இந்தியாவை சர்வதேசத்தை என்று எல்லாரையும் திட்டலாம் "புரட்சிகரமாக" கவிதை எழுதிப் போட்டு போத்து மூடிக் கொண்டு படுக்கலாம்
  7. Crouching Tigers Kilinochchi is a bastion lost, but pro-LTTE parties in India still have an Eelam dream, reports PC VINOJ KUMAR THE DREAM of an independent homeland for Tamils in Sri Lanka, or Eelam, still burns bright in Tamil Nadu, despite the fall of Kilinochchi, the de-facto capital of the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) controlled territory in north Sri Lanka. In Tamil Nadu, a state where the LTTE continues to enjoy some political support despite it being a banned outfit in India, the LTTE’s retreat from Kilinochchi is seen as a tactical move. On 2 January, 2009, Sri Lanka’s hard-line President Mahinda Rajapakse announced the capture of Kilinochchi from the Tamil rebels, triggering celebrations in Colombo. Kilinochchi has come under government control after a gap of about 10 years. Breaking the news on national television, Rajapakse, who has vowed to wipe out the LTTE and capture its chief, Vellupillai Prabhakaran, warned, “I am telling the LTTE for the last time to lay down their arms and surrender.” Three days later, LTTE’s political head B Nadesan, remained defiant. In an interview to the pro-LTTE website, Tamilnet, he pointed out that Kilinochchi had been captured more than once by the Lankan army earlier. “Similarly, we have also recaptured the town on earlier occasions. It is in Kilinochchi that the Sri Lankan forces have suffered historical debacles.” Pro-LTTE parties in Tamil Nadu, familiar with this history, are not perturbed at Kilinochchi’s loss and regard the news of extermination of the LTTE as mere propaganda. They warn of a bloodbath for the Lankan forces, which are now spread out thinly across previously held LTTE territories. After being evicted from the Eastern Province, the Tigers also lost several strategic locations in Mannar district, west of Kilinochchi, before losing their capital. Tamil Nationalist Movement leader P Nedumaran recalls the the LTTE operation in the late 1990s to retrieve lost territories, including Kilinochchi. Codenamed Oyatha Alaigal (Unceasing Waves), the LTTE apparently conducted the operation in three phases from 1996. In the battle to retrieve Kilinochchi about 2,000 Lankan soldiers were killed in 1998. The operations began after the Tigers were dislodged from the Jaffna peninsula in 1996. At that time, the loss of Jaffna was considered a major blow to the LTTE and it was felt the Tigers would be decimated soon. History proved otherwise. “The Tigers have shown repeatedly in the past that they can retrieve, in a matter of days, the territories that the Lankan army took months to capture,” says Viduthalai Rajendran, general secretary of the Periyar Dravidar Kazhagam. This is the overall sentiment shared among pro-LTTE parties. Asked about recent setbacks for the LTTE, they say that the LTTE is preserving its men and arms to fight another day. In the recent battle, the LTTE has kept its losses to a minimum. The Sri Lankan Defence Ministry said the army had lost 33 soldiers in the battle, among the highest it has admitted losing in the fight with the LTTE. The LTTE has been periodically releasing the photos of dead Lankan soldiers along with their names and identity cards and arms seized from the Lankan forces. Kilinochchi is cited as a classic example of the LTTE strategy. After putting up days of stiff resistance at Paranthan, a small town located a few miles from Kilinochchi, the army virtually walked into a deserted Kilinochchi town. Mysteriously, there was barely any one around of the one lakh population. Tigers claim they had withdrawn deeper into the eastern Mullaithivu district. “It calls for supreme organising skills to pull off such a Herculean task of evacuating a whole town in a matter of days,” says Agni Subramaniam, a human rights activist and an Eelam ana An estimated 30,000 Lankan soldiers are protecting Kilinochchi, which the media has labelled a ‘ghost town.’ Journalists who visited the town have reported that there is no trace of life barring stray dogs and cows. A report in the local media said, “The city’s 40-feetlong main water supply tank was reduced to pieces with powerful explosives. The electricity cables had been slashed across the city, and through the 8 km length of the town not many electric poles were seen.” Rajendran, who had stayed in Kilinochchi as a ‘state guest’ of the Tigers in 2006 for about a month, says the town used to bustle with life. “They had built star hotels and restaurants. They had their own courts, and were running hospitals, and schools,” he recalls. However, even as the pro- LTTE parties are hopeful of an LTTE comeback, Indian security analysts like B Raman, a former RAW official, and Colonel R Hariharan, a former Military Intelligence official, feel that the possibilty of an LTTE recovery is remote. “The LTTE has bounced back in the past. But this time it may be difficult because the circumstances in the world are not what they used to be,” says Hariharan. He points out that the LTTE, which has a modern weapons system, procures its arms from countries like Ukraine, Cambodia and North Korea. “The marine sea routes through which their arms are smuggled in are no longer porous. It will be difficult for the LTTE to ensure a steady supply of arms to continue its fight,” he says. Supplies from the Tamil Nadu coast have virtually stopped. The DMK Government, which is constantly under pressure from the Centre to monitor the coast so as to prevent the infiltration of LTTE cadres, has strengthen coastal security. The Indian Navy and Coast Guard have also increased patrolling in the previously porous region. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi in his message at the Chief Ministers’ Conference in New Delhi on 6 January, urged the Prime Minister to “treat the lengthy, porous border of Tamil Nadu along the east coast on par with the international borders in the north, east and west, and increase the presence of central forces, the Coast Guard and the Navy.” The Q Branch, a special wing of the State Police which deals with militant groups, is closely monitoring the LTTE. A senior official told TEHELKA that the LTTE no longer uses the Indian coast to smuggle arms. However, he reveals that there have been seizures of satellite phones, iron balls, and computer spare parts meant for Sri Lanka. “We have arrested about 279 people in the last three years in connection with these seizures,” he said. Ten of them were allegedly LTTE men, most were smugglers and had no ideological links with any of the Tamil groups or the LTTE, the official said. The LTTE has started using the Mullaithivu coast on its eastern borders for landing arms, most of which arrive via the South East Asian sea route. For Prabhakaran, the year ahead will be crucial. The LTTE is banking on a US regime under Barack Obama, who is taking office as US president on January 20, to rein in or prevent Rajapakse from exterminating the Tamils in Sri Lanka on the pretext of a war. It remains to be seen whether Obama’s description of the Eelam conflict as a ‘vicious civil war’ and his designate secretary of state Hillary Clinton’s perceived softness towards the Tamil minorities will herald a softening in US policy towards the besieged Tigers. http://www.tehelka.com/story_main41.asp?fi...hing_tigers.asp
  8. theoritical ஆக பார்த்தால் ஐநா உறுப்புரிமை உடைய ஏலவே அங்கீகாரம் உள்ள எந்த ஒரு நாடு அங்கீகரித்தாலும் போதும். ஆனால் யதார்த்தத்தில் எமக்கு -1- இந்தியாவின் எதிர்ப்பு இருக்கக் கூடாது. நேரடியாக இல்லாவிட்டாலும் மறைமுக ஆதரவு தேவை. -2- அமெரிக்கா ஐரோப்பா உட்பட்ட மேற்குலகின் எதிர்ப்பு இருக்கக் கூடாது. நேரடியாக இல்லாவிட்டாலும் மறைமுக ஆதரவு தேவை. இந்த 2 புறச்சூழ்நிலையும் உருவான பின் theoritical தேவையை பூர்த்தி செய்ய எந்த ஒரு சின்ன நாடு அங்கீகரித்தாலும் போதும். ஏன் என்றால் யதார்த்தத்தில் இந்தியாவோ ஏனைய முன்னணி மேற்குலக சக்த்திகளோ சிறீலங்காவை பகைத்த படி தமிழீழத்தை கொசவே பாணியில் அங்கீகரிக்கப் போவதில்லை. அப்படிப்பட்ட ஒரு இராசதந்திர தவறை அல்லது வெற்றிடத்தை சிங்களம் உருவாக்கவில்லை இனியும் உருவாக்குமா என்பது சந்தேகமே. மேற்கூறியது UDI scenario விற்கு உரியது. அது எந்தளவிற்கு எமக்கு பொருத்தம் என்று யோசிக்க வேண்டும். மேற்பார்வை செய்யப்பட்ட சுதந்திரம் என்ற பாதையில் போனால் நிலமை வேறு. இவை எல்லாத்துக்கும் முதல் உலகத்தமிழ் இனம் தமிழீழத்தை அங்கீகரித்து அதற்காக பங்களிக்க வேண்டும் உழைக்க வேண்டும். பெரும்பான்மைத் தமிழ் இனத்தின் ஒட்டுமொத்த தமிழ் தேசிய மனித பொருளாதரா வளம் தேசிய தலமையின் பின்னால் குவிய வேண்டும். அதன் பின்னர் தான் மிகுதி எல்லாம்.
  9. எல்லாளன் படத்தை போட்டு காட்டினா பிறகு பலஸ்தீன ஆதரவு நிகழ்வுகளிற்கு வாறதை விட பிறகு எங்கடை நிகழ்வுகளுக்கு தான் வெள்ளையள் அலை மோதும். தேசிய தலைவர் தீர்க்கதரிசனமாக முழு நீள படம் எடுத்து விடுகிறார் கொஞ்சம் பொறுங்கோ பரணி.
  10. அடி ஆத்தி.... ஒபமா பாத்தார் எண்டா Yes Praba can! எண்டு தடையை நீக்கி போடுவார். கிளிநொச்சி ஆனையிறவு போறதை விட போராட்டத்திற்கு எதிர்காலத்தில் வர இருக்கும்; பின்னடைவுகளின் ஆழத்தை இப்படியான படைப்புகளை வெளியிடுபவர்களின் சிந்தனையோட்டம் கட்டியம் கூறுகிறது.
  11. உப்பிடியான நிகழ்ச்சிகளிற்கு போவதற்கு என்று 1 கூட்டம் இருக்கு. அவர்களிற்கு உங்கள் ஒப்பாரிகள் கேப்பதில்லை. அவர்களிடம் இருந்து பங்களிப்பை இப்படிப்பட்ட நிகழ்வுகள் மூலம் தான் பெற்றுக் கொள்ளலாம். வெண்புறா நடத்தாவிட்டால் அந்த இடைவெளியை வேறு யாரும் நிரப்பி அந்த பணத்தை சம்பாதித்துக் கொள்வார்கள். அதிலும் பார்க்க வெண்புறாவின் நிகழ்ச்சிக்கு அந்த வளம் திருப்பப்படுவது பயனுள்ளது.
  12. மொழித்திரிவு எப்படி தமிழ் இனத்தை பலவீனப்படுத்தியிருக்கிறது எண்டு சீமான்
  13. By Spencer E. Ante A year ago there were reports that Digg had hired investment bank Allen & Co. to put the popular news aggregation Web site on the block with an asking price of $300 million. Bloggers predicted that buyers could "easily justify" the price given Digg's popularity, although no deal was ever consummated. Now that number looks like a relic from a bygone era. On Sept. 24, Highland Capital Partners and three other venture capital firms invested $28.7 million in Digg. The specific terms were not disclosed, but that investment implied a valuation of $167 million for the startup, according to one person who has seen the terms of the agreement. Digg executives declined to comment on the company's valuation. It's no surprise that the value of tech startups is falling. With the deepening recession, even the stocks of highfliers such as Google (GOOG) and Apple (AAPL) have tumbled more than 50%. Still, this is a sharp reversal for a generation of companies that seemed poised to inherit the mantle of leadership in the tech industry. Top Web 2.0 companies such as Digg and Facebook, which built their business on persuading users to participate in their Web sites, were showered with attention and millions of dollars in investment based on the expectation they would be able to cash in by creating the next blockbusters of the Internet. Now those high hopes are coming back to earth. Declining valuations are throwing a wrench into the gears of Silicon Valley's wealth machine. In the worst cases, the money dries up and startups are shut down. But even for fortunate companies such as Digg that can still raise money, complications abound. Falling prices can make it harder to attract the best and brightest. Morale can suffer, and workers with stock options underwater may be less likely to stick around. Such pressures can force companies to grant new options at lower prices or reprice existing options, which can infuriate venture capitalists backing the company. WAIT AND SEE Falling values can also cause merger-and-acquisition prospects to dry up. Skittish buyers often wait for prices to drop even further. "This is the worst time to [sell]," says Raj Kapoor, managing director of venture firm Mayfield Fund. "The feeling amongst buyers is that there will be better value if they wait until 2009." Jay Adelson, Digg's chief executive, says it's clear the environment has changed for all startups. With venture money harder to come by, entrepreneurs have to concentrate on building their businesses. He says Digg is dialing back some expansion plans and trying to reach profitability as soon as possible. "All I care about is making sure the business foundation is solid," Adelson says. He adds that the valuation of Digg today isn't that important, since it just raised money and is not for sale: "We know [that] if we are a profitable business, then the valuation will ultimately follow." Moreover, Adelson says he sees no need to make changes to Digg's stock option program. "Our employees are in this for the long term," he says. "[Employees] love the upside opportunity with their stock options." Digg Director David Sze, a partner with venture capital firm Greylock Partners, acknowledges the value of his firm's Digg investment has likely dropped even since the September venture investment. "If I had to sell Digg today, I would probably not be getting the valuation I got earlier this year," he says. One reason may be that Digg's public profile is much larger than its financial might. Last year the company lost $2.8 million on $4.8 million in revenue, according to Digg financial statements reviewed by BusinessWeek. In the first three quarters of 2008, Digg lost $4 million on $6.4 million in revenue. Adelson declined to comment on the figures. NO TURNAROUND IN SIGHT The valuations of tech startups are apt to keep falling, say some investors and lawyers. In September 18% of the financing rounds for venture-backed startups were for a lower value than the previous round, according to a survey from law firm Fenwick & West. In the fourth quarter that figure "could easily double," says Fenwick & West attorney Barry Kramer. In one extreme case, the software startup BitTorrent recently tore up an agreement signed earlier this year that would have given it $17 million in venture money. Instead, the company took $7 million, laid off two-thirds of its 60 employees, and slashed its valuation from $177 million to just $35 million. Investor Sze says he isn't worried that Digg's value may have dropped since September. He feels bullish because big media players are refocusing on their own core businesses and new entrants are less able to raise capital. Sze figures Digg has plenty of money to ride out the bad times. "If you have the cash and are building a good business and can get to breakeven in a reasonable time, this is where you make hay," he says. http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/conte...ws+%2B+analysis
  14. ஏனைய அமெரிக்க ஜனாதிபதிகளை விட அதிகமாக ஜார்ஜ் புஸ் ஈழத்தமிழர்களிற்கு அப்பிடி என்ன தீங்கு செய்து போட்டார்? எத்தனை தமிழர்கள் குவந்தானமே வில இருக்கிறார்கள்? எத்தனை தமிழர்கள் அபுகிரேப் சிறையில் நடந்தது போன்று சித்திரவதை மற்றும் அவமானப்படுத்தப்பட்டிருக்கி
  15. The Bernard Madoff Ponzi scheme is the greatest financial shock so far in a year full of them. We still have a couple of weeks to go, but barring Warren Buffett being caught in Vegas thrusting Berkshire Hathaway stock at strippers, it is hard to imagine anything worse. I don't say this lightly. How can Madoff be worse than Lehman Brothers or AIG or the travails of Detroit's Big Three? It's because what he did was so simple. And he duped so many smart, conservative people for so long. And he did it in plain sight. Look at the list of those who lost money. Swiss private banks. Jewish family foundations. Retirees in Palm Beach. Not exactly the Fast Eddies of finance. But therein lay the brilliance of Madoff's scheme. He didn't promise the usual Ponzi manna from heaven--double or triple your money with Bernie Madoff's surefire, get-rich quick scheme! No, he promised and delivered 10% returns. So consistent were his returns in good times or bad, an investment in Madoff came to be called the "Jewish Bond." His investment strategy was a "black-box" model, one to which no one but him had access. And yet when the returns were good, no one bothered to ask how he was making them. Madoff also moved easily in the familiar power networks of New York. He was chairman of the co-op board at his fancy Upper East Side building. He was chairman of the board of Yeshiva University's Business School. A member of exclusive country clubs in the Hamptons and Palm Beach. Strange as it may seem to people beyond this claustrophobic social world, these are not positions assigned lightly. Madoff had earned the trust of individuals forged in the fires of New York finance, law and government, supposedly some of the toughest, smartest, savviest people in the world. He fooled them all over many years, and his reputation among them probably protected him from scrutiny. Perhaps it was because of his social standing that, ultimately, it had to be members of his own family who turned him in. It was his two sons, Mark and Andrew, who contacted authorities on the evening of Dec.10, after their father admitted to the fraud. Both worked for their father's brokerage business but had no role in the asset management business, which Bernard ran secretively himself. But again, who is the one to trust in this unfolding Shakespearean drama of betrayal and family strife? The details are already rich and in some ways hilarious. Madoff's auditor was a tiny firm in Rockland County, which consisted of three employees: a 78-year-old living in Florida, a secretary and a 47-year-old accountant operating out of an office the size of a small bedroom. When skeptics warned the Securities and Exchange Commission about Madoff, they were repeatedly brushed off. The SEC investigated Madoff in 2005 and 2007 but came up with nothing, which tells you much about the quality of SEC investigations in these heady hedge fund years. And now we are to believe that Madoff's sons acted out of principle by shopping their father to the Feds. Is it possible, that once Madoff saw the end was nigh, he began orchestrating his own demise? That he decided the timing? It wouldn't surprise me in the least if the lawyers sorting through this debacle find that in the days leading up to this, Madoff's remaining wealth headed out to safe havens, untouchable either by his investors or the authorities--but perhaps one day accessible to his family. It's just speculation, but Madoff is clearly a man who knows how to work a system. http://www.forbes.com/opinions/2008/12/14/...4broughton.html Europe Got Duped By Madoff Too
  16. Chinese trade Falling apart - China produces dreadful trade figures, in a blow to the world economy Dec 11th 2008 JUST how worrying are the figures, published on Wednesday December 10th, showing that China’s exports and imports plunged in November? Exports fell by 2.2% last month from a year ago; imports plummeted by an astonishing 17.9%. One analyst sums up the news as “a shock figure”. The gloom is spread all over the place. Exports dropped across all big traded goods and all parts of the world. Exports to America fell by 6.1%; those to the ASEAN countries, which had grown by 21.5% in October, fell by 2.4%. The faster decline in imports meant that China’s monthly trade surplus reached a record $40.1 billion. Exports last fell in 2001. Such numbers would be nasty enough for any big economy, but they are particularly shocking because China’s racing trade has been an engine of world trade, and thus global growth. During the 1990s China’s exports grew at an annual average of 12.9%; from 2000 to 2006 that growth nearly doubled to 21.1% each year, according to the World Bank. China's rapidly rising imports have also driven growth elsewhere. The chief economist of a Chinese bank calls the latest figures “horrifying”. The rapidity of the decline is as striking as its extent. Trade growth in October was similar to preceeding months; exports grew by more than 19% from a year earlier. A sudden drop in just a month has surprised even the most pessimistic economists. Some analysts point out that a global shortage of trade finance in November may have exaggerated the decline, but the Chinese juggernaut is definitely stumbling. The consequences for the Chinese economy, which has seen dizzying rates of growth since economic reforms began in 1978 (growth in the 1990s averaged 10.5%), could now be dire. Its growth is unusually driven by its exports, which have made it the world’s factory. According to the World Bank, 27% of world GDP in 2006 came from exports (up from 21% in 1990). The corresponding figures for China that year show it to be particularly dependent on exports: 40% of its GDP came from exports in 2006, compared with 11% for highly open America and 29% for Britain. Thus the potential for a drop in exports to drag down China’s growth is correspondingly greater. The World Bank’s latest growth predictions were released on Tuesday. These predict that the Chinese economy will expand by 7.5% in 2009, well under its own calculation of 9.5% growth that it reckons China needs to keep unemployment stable. But even these calculations may prove to be overly optimistic. The Bank’s prediction rests in part on the expectation that China’s exports will rise by 4.2% next year. In fact many analysts expect the slump in trade to continue and possibly worsen; UBS, a Swiss bank, predicts that Chinese exports will not grow at all in 2009. Chinese workers, who are already restive, may find the new year increasingly difficult. Labour disputes almost doubled in the first ten months of 2008 and sacked workers from closed toy factories rioted. If export growth ceases entirely, and jobs are threatened, social responses could be more severe. An estimated 130m people have moved from the countryside to the cities, many for jobs in factories that make goods for export. Zhang Ping, the country’s top planner, has given warning of the risk of social instability arising from massive unemployment. The latest trade figures also worsen the already gloomy outlook for the rest of the world. Some were counting on China to prop up the global economy, as much of the rich world falls into recession. Merrill Lynch had expected China to contribute 60% of global growth in 2009. But the dramatic fall in imports suggest that the Chinese can not be relied on to be the consumer of last resort. Analysts at Goldman Sachs expect several more months of shrinking exports. Speculation that China will devalue its currency is rife, but this would have little effect if world demand is simply collapsing. The experience of South Korea is instructive: its currency has fallen by a third against the dollar this year, but this did not prevent its exports from dropping by 18.3% in November, compared with a year ago. Unfortunately, this may not be enough to deter the Chinese government from trying to push down the yuan, which has appreciated significantly on a trade-weighted basis. Fiscal stimulus is much more important; efforts to boost domestic demand would help both China and the world. Most analysts expect announcements about new measures on top of the $586 billion package already announced. Interest rates and taxes are likely to be cut further. http://www.economist.com/finance/displaySt..._main#footnote1
  17. Posted by: Dexter Roberts on December 15 It’s a big day for cross-Straits relations. Ending an almost 60-year-old ban on direct links that date back to the civil war between the Chinese Communists and Taiwan’s KMT Party, beginning today Taiwan and the mainland are allowing direct trade, transport, and postal links—what the Chinese call “three direct links.” And it’s long overdue: over the last twenty years, economic relations between the former enemies have soared. Today more than 750,000 Taiwanese live and work on the mainland, having invested tens of billions of dollars. Trade is expected to soon reach $100 billion, with Taiwanese electronics components, as well as fruit, vegetables, and fish flowing, to the mainland, and raw materials traveling the other way. The restrictions have forced people and goods moving across the 160-kilometer-wide Straits to make costly diversions through Hong Kong, Macao and Okinawa. Both sides are estimating that direct links will mean around $100 million a year in savings. I am on the first direct daily flight from Beijing to Taipei. Starting in July they have had several charter flights a week between these two cities, but this is the first that isn’t diverting over Hong Kong airspace, and instead is taking the 1580-kilometer, 984-mile direct route, and thus shaving about an hour and a half off the flight time, and getting me to Taipei in under three hours. I am flying China Air—the Taiwanese carrier. My fellow passengers (the plane is only about half full) appear to be a mix of Taiwanese and mainland business people, as well as Taiwanese families heading home for the holidays. The trip has a small personal significance for me too: it was 20 years ago this year—in 1988—when I first flew into Taipei from San Francisco. I was fresh out of college and ready to continue my Mandarin language studies in Taiwan, then the most popular option for young people eager to learn Chinese. That visit I spent my first night in an overcrowded YWCA hotel. The friendly staff pushed a ping pong table out a small recreation room to make room for me, and wheeled in a small cot for me to sleep on. This time I have a more comfortable hotel room waiting for me, and am visiting on a reporting trip to better understand the evolving Taiwan-China economic relationship. Starting from today, China and Taiwan will see 16 daily flights from 21 mainland and eight Taiwanese cities including Beijing, Shanghai and Taipei, but also Hangzhou, Shenzhen, and Dalian, direct shipping between cities including Tianjin, Shanghai, and Kaohsiung and Keelung in Taiwan, and direct postal links between five Taiwanese and eight mainland cities. The direct links could prove a valuable boost to both sides’ economies, an outcome that would certainly be much welcomed. Already signs of a slowing economy are rampant on the mainland. New shopping malls in the capital have little foot traffic. In the south of China, tens of thousands of export-oriented factories—many of them owned by Taiwanese business people—are going bankrupt as overseas sales dry up and costs rise, throwing millions of migrant workers out of work. And the gleaming new Beijing Airport Terminal Three—the world’s largest—is alarmingly empty. As I wait for the plane in the long terminal, the afternoon sun shines on rows of empty waiting hall seats; and the automated walkways continue to run even without foot traffic. When we land at Taipei’s Taoyuan Airport, I realize we have a senior mainland transport official on board too; a phalanx of photographers appear, pulling off numerous shots of the disembarking official, all the while doing their nimble back-stepping, flashes popping, in the arrival hall. And on the flight over too, I saw evidence of the perceived importance of the new links—both the Chinese and Taiwanese papers provided led with news of the direct flights, shipping and mail. Now it remains to be seen whether they prove as effective as all the press attention has suggested—and help boost the slowing China and Taiwanese economies. http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/blog...ws+%2B+analysis
  18. வெள்ளையும் அப்பிடித்தானே சொல்லுது. முந்தி கோவில்களில் தடை செய்த நடனம் புலம்பெயர்ந்த ஈழத்தமிழரின் ஆர்வத்தால் மீண்டும் துளிர்விடுகுது எண்டு. முந்தி ஏன் உந்த நடனம் கோவில்களில் தடை செய்யப்பட்டது எண்ட வரலாற்றை உந்த பிள்ளையளுக்கு சொல்லியிருப்பினமா?
  19. முந்திப்பட்ட கஸ்ர துன்பங்கள் இருக்கட்டும் இப்ப இருக்கிற நிலையில் யார் கூடின அவலத்தில இருக்கினம் என்பவற்றை கவனத்தில் கொண்டு அவற்றை வெளியுலகிற்கு கொண்டு வருவது தான் தேவை. யாழ்பாணத்தில வெள்ளத்தாலை சனம் என்ன கஸ்ரப்படுகுதுகள்? கல் வீட்டை சுத்தியிருந்த மதில் விழுந்திருக்கும். கோயிலுக்கை வெள்ளம் போயிருக்கும். பங்கர் கட்டியிருப்பினமே அதுக்கை வெள்ளம் போக இல்லாட்டி பங்கர் தான் தேவையோ? அதிகப்படியாக பயிர்ச் செய்கைகள் பாதிச்சிருக்கும். அதுக்கு அரச நிவாரணங்கள் உலக உணவுத்திட்ட உதவிகள் ஒப்பீட்டளவில் மலிவான விலையில் அத்தியாவசிய தேவைகள் பெற்றுக் கொள்ளலாம். வன்னியில இடம்பெயர்ந்து வீடில்லாமல் மரங்களுக்கு கீழயும் கொட்டில் போட்டுக் கொண்டும் இருக்கும் 3.5 லட்சம் சனத்தைப் நீசா சூறாவளி பாதித்தாக வராத படங்கள் யாழ்பாணத்தாரைப் பற்றி வருகுது. உலக உணவுத்திட்டத்தின் படி கொடுக்கப்படும் குறைந்த பட்ச உணவில் பாதி அளவுதான் தற்பொழுது வன்னிக்கு போகுது. இதைவிட மருந்து தட்டுப்பாடு தொற்றுநோய்ப் பிரச்சனைகள். யாழ்பாணத்து கல்வீடுகளிலும் கட்டிடங்களிலும் இருக்கிற கரிசனை வன்னியில இடம்பெயரந்த மனிதர்கள் பற்றி எடுத்து விடுகிற படங்களில் தெரியவில்லை. இந்த கேவலத்தில அவையும் தமிழர் தான் எண்டு பந்தா வேறை.
  20. ஓகோ அப்ப நிசா சூறாவளியாலை வரும் பாதிப்புகளை எதிர்கொள்ள யாழ்பாணத்தில இருக்கிற வசதிகள் தான் வன்னியிலையும் இருக்கு என்றியள்? யாழ்பாணத்தில என்ன தடை? அத்தியாவசிய உணவு மருந்து எரிபொருள் விலைகளை வன்னிய விலைகளோடு ஒப்பிட முடியுமா?
  21. அப்ப வன்னி நிசா சூறாவளியால் பாதிக்கப்படவில்லையோ? பொருளாதார மருத்துவ உணவு எரிபொருள் தடைகள் இல்லாத யாழ்பாணத்தவருக்காக சாபம் செய்தவர்களா என்று ஒப்பாரி வைக்கிறம். 12 உடலங்களை வைச்சு கண்காட்சி நடத்தி வெளியுலகிற்கு படங்கள் காணொளிகள் அனுப்பய படி வன்னி வேறு கண்டத்தில இருக்குதோ?
  22. முயல் பின்வாங்கி சிங்கத்தை கிணறுவை முன்னகர வைத்து எட்டிப்பாக்க வைத்த பின்...
  23. ஆங்கிலத்தில் faggot (சுருக்கமாக fag) என்று தான் வாசித்த ஞாபகம். faget என்பது வேறு ஐரோப்பிய மொழி வடிவமோ?
  24. Honda's withdrawal from Formula One racing came as a shock this week, but there were several signs over the past days that the auto industry's crisis would spill over into world sport. Less than a fortnight ago General Motors announced the premature end of their endorsement of golf star Tiger Woods, saving them an estimated $7 million (5.5 million euros) a year. On Thursday, the hopes of a future German America's Cup effectively ended when Audi announced that they won't be sponsoring a team. Audi followed up on Friday with the confirmation that it will stop auto racing after nine years in the American Le Mans series. Apart from banks and other financial companies, the world's car industry is currently bearing the brunt of the global recession and scrambling for state loans to stay alive. Losses have skyrocketed as sales slumped to levels of the early 1980s. Not only the big US three of General Motors, Chrysler and Ford have cut marketing and other costs dramatically as they seek a 34- billion dollar bailout from the government. Honda president Takeo Fukui made it clear on Friday that rather than continuing a mainly unsuccessful stint in F1 racing, the company "must protect its core business activities and secure the long term as widespread uncertainties in the economics around the globe continue to mount." The examples of Woods and the sailing team show that these uncertainties concern the full range of sport sponsoring. There are growing question marks over GM's long-standing engagement in golf in general through its brand Buick. Doubts have been raised whether the International Olympic Committee will be successful in making a car manufacturer part of its elite sponsorship program. Avoiding annual endorsement costs of more than 50 million dollars weigh heavier in current times than exclusive rights to Olympic symbols such as the five rings. Carmakers already became more cautious before the crisis fully hit this year. Auto industry's sponsorship of sport in danger Long gone are the days when GM's German division Opel used to be the shirt sponsors of soccer teams such as Bayern Munich and AC Milan, and endorsed athletes like German tennis heroine Steffi Graf. Spanish top club Valencia had Toyota's name on their jersey when they won the 2004 league title and the Australian Open tennis Grand Slam was once sponsored by Ford. Audi have trimmed their winter sport engagement down to being the main alpine skiing World Cup sponsor. German yachtsman Jochen Schuemann had hoped that Audi would help fund an America's Cup team but the timing was bad as the company is determined to save some 100 million euros. "Audi is not allowed to sign new contracts," Schuemann said on Thursday, with Audi spokeswomen Petra Klaehn confirming that "the decision was made based on the current economic conditions." Audi cutting back in its involvement Audi is also saving in motorsport with the withdrawal from the American Le-Mans racing series. But it will continue in the German DTM series and the 24-hour race in Le Mans. "In view of the international economic and financial crisis, it is clear that motorsport must also make a contribution to reduce costs further," Audi motorsport boss Wolfgang Ullrich said last week. But the company's technical development chief Michael Dick also said: "We know just how important motorsport is for the success of the brand. Therefore it goes without saying that Audi must also be present on the race track in economically hard times." Dieck said that a positive cost-benefit calculation is a must in these days, a fact also applies to events in the US and the world's showcase racing sport of Formula One. NASCAR series team bosses are looking into how they can help the ailing US companies. One measure currently discussed is limiting testing to race weekends and not at other times on other tracks. "When you figure in travel, accommodations, parts, tires, track rental you could save the (NASCAR) garage area $30 million a year," the Detroit Free Press quoted team owner Rick Hendrick as saying. Formula One is also engaged in massive cost-cutting by planning for instance a standard engine, measures which prove even more necessary after Honda's pullout. Motorsport supremo Max Mosley named F1 "unsustainable" two months ago and was quoted on Friday as saying that other teams may follow Honda. Former racer Gerhard Berger, who only 10 days ago sold his 50 per cent share in the Toro Rosso team, told Austria's APA news agency said that Honda's withdrawal "is only the beginning" and that Formula One could be in big danger. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,3851997,00.html