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பிரபா சிதம்பரநாதன்

கருத்துக்கள பார்வையாளர்கள்
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Everything posted by பிரபா சிதம்பரநாதன்

  1. என்னிடம் ஒரு கேள்வி! எகிப்தில் நடந்தாலென்ன, அவுஸ்ரேலியாவிலோ அல்லது பிலீப்பீன்ஸிலோ நடந்தால் என்ன இந்த மாதிரி வன்முறைகளில் வேறுபாடு அல்லது முறைகளில் வேறுபாடு உள்ளதா? இல்லையே பிறகு ஏன் இந்தளவு கருத்துக்கள். இந்த கட்டுரையின் தலைப்பை பிழையாக எழுதியிருந்தாலும் அது கூறுவது உண்மையான நிகழ்வுகளே.. பாதிக்கபடுவதும் மனிதர்களே.. விளங்காத மனித மனங்கள்!!! உங்களுக்காக இன்மொரு கட்டுரை பற்றிய தகவல். இது ஆங்கில BBCஅயர் வெளியான ஒன்று யாழ் திரைகடலோடியில் இணைத்துள்ளேன். விரும்பினால் வாசியுங்கள். https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-57767067 In numbers: Life in Afghanistan after America leaves
  2. அப்படியாயின் நீங்கள் இங்கே இந்த தலைப்பை மட்டும் வாசித்துவிட்டு கருத்தை எழுதியிருக்கிறீர்கள் என எடுத்துக்கொள்ளலாமா? இல்லையே! இந்த மாதிரி dialogue கேட்டு பெண்களுக்கே எரிச்சல் வரும்.. உண்மையிலேயே ஆண்கள் தமது பிரச்சனைகளை சரியான வழிமுறைகளை நாடி கூறுமிடத்து உதவிகள் கிடைப்பதை அறியலாம்.. மேலும் கீழே இணைத்துள்ள கட்டுரை ஆண்கள் எதிர்கொள்ளும் வன்முறைகள், அவை ஏன் அதிகம் வெளியே வருவதில்லை? அதற்கான காரணங்கள், உதவிகள் பற்றி கூறுகிறார்கள்.. வாசித்தால் உங்களுக்கும் விளங்கும்..
  3. இந்தக்கட்டுரை இஸ்லாமியர் மீதான வன்மம் என்பதை விட BBC தமிழிற்குதான் இஸ்லாமியர் மீதான வன்மம் எனக்கூறவேண்டும். மேலும் இந்த மாதிரி குடும்ப வன்முறைகள் ஒவ்வொன்றும் ஒவ்வொரு விதமான(ஆண், பெண் மீதான) என்பதால் அவற்றிற்கான தீர்வுகளும் வேறாக இருக்கும். சமூகம், சமூக அந்தஸ்து, சமய பழக்கவழக்கங்கள், ஆண் பெண் உடல்வலிமை பற்றிய எண்ணம், இவை பற்றிய சமூக விழிப்புணர்வு, அரசியல், உதவும் நிறுவனங்களின் நிலை போன்றவற்றால் இந்த குடும்பவன்முறை தீர்வுகளில் சமமின்மை நிலவுகிறது.. சரி அது போகட்டும், இங்கே ஆண்கள் மீதான அடக்கமுறைகள் வெளியே வருவதில்லை, அவர்களைப்பற்றி அக்கறையில்லை, இப்பொழுதெல்லாம் பெண்கள் பொய்புகார் செய்கிறார்கள் என்றால் ஆண்கள் ஏன் தமது பிரச்சனைகளை வெளியே வந்து கூறுவதில்லை? மாற்றங்கள் என்பது உடனடியாக நிகழாது என்றால் ஏன் அதைப்பற்றிய விழிப்புணர்வு செய்திகளை பகிர முன்வருவதில்லை.. பெண்கள் தமது “ பெண்கள்” என்ற அடையாளத்தை பயன்படுத்தி இந்தமாதிரி விடயங்களில் அனுகூலங்களை அடைகிறார்கள் என்று கூறுவதை விடுத்து, ஆண்கள் அவர்கள் எதிர்கொள்ளும் பிரச்சனைகளை வெளிப்படையாக கதைக்க முன்வரவேண்டும்.. பிரச்சனைகளை உரிய நிறுவனங்களை அனுகி கூறும் பொழுது இதனால் இந்தமாதிரி குடும்ப வன்முறைகளிலிருந்து ஆணோ பெண்ணோ மீள உதவும். தற்கொலைகள்/கொலைகள் முற்று முழுவதாக நிறுத்த முடியாவிட்டாலும் குறைக்கலாம். இன்னொன்றையும் கவனித்தேன், இங்கே இந்த பதிவில் மட்டுமல்ல, பொதுவாக நான் கவனித்த ஒன்று, ஒருவரின் கருத்துக்களுக்கு பதில் கருத்து எழுதுவதாக நினைத்து எழுதும் சில கருத்துக்களை பார்க்கும் பொழுது, இடம், பொருள், பதிவின் தன்மை, பதிவின் நோக்கம் எல்லாம் மறந்து எழுதும் கருத்துக்களால் மற்றவர்கள் (உதாரணத்திற்கு இங்கே யாழ் இணைய வாசகர்கள்) முன் அவர்களது நிலையை/மதிப்பை குறைத்துக்கொண்டு போகிறார்களோ என்ற எண்ணமும் ஏற்படுவதுண்டு..
  4. கட்டுரையை வாசித்த பொழுது உணரமுடிந்தது.. ஏற்கனவே யாழ்ப்பாணதமிழர்களுக்குள் பல பிரிவுகள், அதையே இணைக்கமுடியாதளவிற்கு அவர்களுடைய பழக்கவழக்கங்கள், பெருமைகள் தடை. இவர்களுடைய பிரச்சனைகளை தீர்ப்பதற்கு நீண்ட தூரம் பயணிக்கவேண்டும்..
  5. சிங்கள ஊடகங்கள் எட்வேர்ட் குணவர்த்தன போன்றவர்களின் ஆக்கங்களை எவ்வளவு முக்கியத்துடன் பிரசுரிக்கிறது, அதை வாசித்து மறைந்த பேராசிரியர் கார்லோ பொன்சேகா உட்பட பல முக்கிய பிரமுகர் தொடங்கி சாதாரன மனிதர்கள் வரை ஏற்படும் மாற்றங்கள் என்று இந்த கட்டுரையை படிக்கும் ஒருவர் எப்படி இதை எடுத்துக்கொள்வார் - இதற்கு தமிழர் தரப்பு என்ன செய்கிறது? என்ன செய்யப்போகிறது? என்பதைப்பற்றி கதைப்பார்கள் - இல்லை எரியும் தீயிற்கு மேல் இன்னமும் எண்ணெயை ஊற்றுவார்கள் ஆனால் ஒன்று // “அங்கு மது பரிமாறப்பட்டிருந்தது “க” போதை நிலையில் இருந்தார். // போதையிலிருந்த அவரிடம் கேட்க கேள்விகளுக்கு உண்மையாக பதிலளித்திருந்தார் ஆனால் இந்த கேள்வியுடன் அவருக்கு கட்டாயம் போதை தெளிந்திருக்கும் //ஐவன்: “இப்படி ஒரு கேவலமான செயலைச் செய்ய தமிழனான நீங்களும் எப்படி உடந்தையாக இருந்தீர்கள்.” “......”//
  6. இந்தக்கட்டுரை அவுஸ்ரேலிய ஆண்கள் எதிர்நோக்கும் உடல், உளம் மற்றும் பாலியல் ரீதியான வன்முறைகளைப்பற்றி கூறுகிறது.. அவர்கள் ஓரளவிற்கேனும் வெளியிலே வந்து தங்களது பிரச்சனைகளை கூறி உதவி கேட்கிறார்கள். அத்துடன் ஆண்களின் இந்தப்பிரச்சனைகள் அரசியல், சமூக காரணிகளால் எவ்வாறு நோக்கப்படுகிறது என்பதையும் கூறுகிறது. ஆனால் எங்களது சமூகத்தில் இப்படியான பிரச்சனைகளை எதிர்நோக்கும் ஆண்கள் எப்படி இந்தப் பிரச்சனைகளை கையாளுகிறார்கள்? அவர்களைப்பற்றி எங்களது சமூகம் என்ன கூறுகிறது? இணையத்தில் பலவருடங்களிற்கு முன் ஒரு ஆண் தனது பிரச்சனைகளை கூறிய எழுதிய கடிதம் ஒன்றும் அதற்கு வந்த விமர்சனங்களும் என்னையறியாமல் நினைவிற்கு வந்து போகிறது.. Male victims of domestic violence have few places to turn or services to call By Hayley Gleeson Illustrations by Ben Sanders Posted Mon 31 Aug 2020 at 7:00pmMonday 31 Aug 2020 at 7:00pm, updated Tue 22 Sep 2020 at 12:42amTuesday 22 Sep 2020 at 12:42am There are rising concerns male victims of domestic violence in Australia are unable to access crucial support. And the coronavirus crisis may be making things worse. Men who reach out for help with domestic abuse often struggle to be believed, experts say.(ABC News: Ben Sanders) One chilly evening a few weeks ago, as most Australians were trying to make sense of the worsening coronavirus pandemic, Andy* curled up in his car, his jaw swollen and throbbing, struggling to process what had just happened at his home in country Victoria. For a couple of years, tensions in the house had been rising. He said his long-term partner Linda* had become increasingly verbally and emotionally abusive, usually after she'd been drinking. The two would often clash over their different parenting styles, Andy said. He felt Linda's teenage children were "out of control" and needed disciplining — they were getting into trouble around town and doing as they pleased at home — but she was reluctant to rein them in. One time, an argument about the kids spiralled, he said, and Linda became so angry she threw her arms up in frustration. "I got a hand to the side of the face, which I think was more of an accident," Andy told ABC News. Still, it was unusual for her to express anger physically, and one of a handful of moments that gave him pause. "It's hard to explain," he said. "I felt belittled, scared. I knew about her previous marriage and the domestic violence she had been subjected to, so I was thinking, has some of that rubbed off on her?" Family and domestic violence support services: 1800 Respect National Helpline: 1800 737 732 Safe Steps Crisis Line (Vic): 1800 015 188 Men's Referral Service: 1300 766 491 Mensline: 1300 789 978 Lifeline (24-hour Crisis Line): 131 114 Relationships Australia: 1300 364 277 Women's Crisis Line (NSW): 1800 656 463 The situation came to a head when Linda's children accused him of beating a family pet (which he denies) and a heated argument quickly escalated. Without warning, he said, Linda's son stormed in and punched him hard in the face. "I felt an almighty whack, and my glasses went flying off. I was gob-smacked ... I just kind of sat down on the bed, bawling my eyes out." But after ushering her son to another room, Linda contacted police, telling them she felt threatened by Andy and wanted him out of the house, which she owned. The officers instructed him to leave and, although they ended up taking action on the teenager's assault, Andy felt completely betrayed. To make matters worse, he found himself homeless just as COVID-19 restrictions were coming into force, and his friends didn't feel comfortable letting him stay with them. "The next few nights I slept in my car ... I had nowhere to go," Andy said. "I think most people think domestic violence doesn't happen to men, that men are the stronger sex and so it won't happen to them. But having experienced it first hand, I feel there's not a lot of support for men, there's not much help out there at all." Shining a light on an underdiscussed subject For almost a decade in Australia we have been having an urgent national conversation about domestic violence. The issue has been thrust repeatedly under the microscope of several major inquiries in an effort to better understand its devastating costs and preventable causes and, as a result, we're more aware of its contours than ever. But despite the intense focus, one group of victims remains poorly understood and rarely discussed: men. Many experts say this is partly because men don't experience domestic violence as frequently or severely as women and, when they do, they generally don't fear for their lives. Some weeks it's hard just to keep track of the number of women killed by husbands or ex-partners, so it's perhaps not surprising if communities don't have headspace for the much smaller number of victims who are male. Asking 'what about men?', then, might feel a bit like complaining about a stomach bug to someone with terminal cancer. But that may be part of the problem. Even if women's violence against men causes less harm, it's not harmless — it's violence. Men can be severely affected by physical and psychological abuse and struggle with crippling issues like trauma and homelessness. Yet, ABC News has found there are rising concerns many male victims in Australia are unable to access crucial support — and that some causes of domestic violence may be going unaddressed — because of a reluctance to recognise that men can be victims in the first instance, and a lack of services if they manage to overcome intense shame and stigma and reach out for help. There are almost no specialist domestic violence services for heterosexual male victims in Australia.(ABC News: Ben Sanders) "The reality is, right now, those men have almost nowhere to turn — there are virtually no specialist family violence services for victims who are male," said Troy McEwan, an associate professor of clinical and forensic psychology at Swinburne University. "We know that more women are killed in domestic violence incidents, we know that men perpetrate more injury overall. But that doesn't mean we should ignore a bunch of victims just because they don't fit within our service provision model. It's not an argument for equivalency ... but it is saying there are genuine problems here." And the coronavirus pandemic, it seems, may be exacerbating those problems — as it has for female victims. New data from the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics show police recorded 985 male victims of domestic violence assault in March this year, when lockdowns were first flagged — an increase of almost 10 per cent from the same period last year. Meanwhile, Mensline, the national support and referral service for men with relationship concerns, has found the proportion of callers who named family and domestic violence as their "presenting issue" (which includes men who identify as perpetrators) increased 44 per cent in the four months to June 30 compared with the four months to February 29, when the pandemic hit. The national sexual and domestic violence counselling and referral service 1800RESPECT also saw a 21 per cent increase in contacts between April and July, including from men, who made up 10 per cent of those who got in touch. Inside the call centre dealing with Australia's abusive men With coronavirus lockdowns shaping patterns of domestic abuse behind closed doors, the Men's Referral Service has seen an increase in calls from men seeking help with their own violent behaviour. Read more Yet some frontline workers say it can be difficult to advocate for male victims — and speak frankly about gaps in the service system — because the issue inevitably ends up tangled in toxic culture wars. Over six months, ABC News contacted more than 30 professionals and agencies supporting domestic violence victims, many of whom declined to speak on record or at all. Some said they simply did not work with men experiencing abuse and could not comment, while others refused to participate because of how politically sensitive the subject is. On one side of the debate are scholars and feminists who accuse men's rights activists (MRAs) of twisting data on male victims and attacking women's organisations as part of an attempt to derail feminism. On the other are men's groups who claim male victims are ignored, and women's violence is overlooked because it doesn't fit the widely accepted theory that gender inequality is a root cause of domestic abuse. The result is that even sympathetic people avoid discussing it altogether. "It's like a stuck record rather than a progressive, productive conversation," said Jacqui Watt, the chief executive of No To Violence. "How do we shine a light on something that's not being properly talked about, when the minute you do, you get the MRA groups going, 'See? We told you that men are victims, women are violent too.'" What do we know about male victims? The first problem is that there's a striking lack of research on men's experiences of domestic violence. Large-scale surveys and police data provide some insights into how many are affected, but don't paint a full picture. The latest Personal Safety Survey suggests one in 16 men have experienced physical or sexual violence by a current or former partner since the age of 15, while one in six say they've experienced emotional abuse. Partner violence at a glance According to the latest Personal Safety Survey, since the age of 15: 1 in 6 (17%) women and 1 in 16 (6.1%)men have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from a current or ex-partner 1 in 4 (23%) women and 1 in 6 (16%) men have experienced emotional abuse from a current or ex-partner 1 in 5 (18%) women and 1 in 20 (4.7%) men have experienced sexual violence More than half (57%) of women and 1 in 4 (24%) men who experienced emotional abuse were also assaulted or threatened with assault. Figures from police and government agencies show similar proportions of domestic violence victims are male. In the financial year ending June 2019, Victoria Police completed reports for 51,622 alleged victims of violence by current or former partners. Of those, almost one in five (19 per cent) were male — which includes men in same-sex relationships, who experience domestic abuse at least at similar rates as heterosexual couples. And in NSW, a recent evaluation showed that, between 2014 and 2018, men accounted for almost one in four (23 per cent) intimate domestic violence referrals to Safer Pathway, the program to which police refer victims. Men's rights activists often claim these figures suggest at least one in four victims of domestic violence is male. But researchers say surveys like the Personal Safety Survey can be misleading because they don't provide any context for the violence and its impacts: how severe it was, whether it was a one-off outburst or part of an ongoing pattern of controlling behaviour, whether it was defensive or retaliatory, if it involved fear. Of the male victims referred to Safer Pathway in NSW, for instance, 7 per cent were assessed as being at serious threat, compared with 16 per cent of female referrals. "It's useful to know about the numbers of people who have experienced any kind of physical aggression but that doesn't tell us about people's experiences of domestic violence 'proper'," said Michael Flood, an associate professor at Queensland University of Technology, who estimates about one in 10 victims are male. "That is, where one person is using a range of techniques — and often severe forms of physical violence — to maintain power and control over another person." (Men, Dr Flood said, are more likely to experience violence from other men, including male family members, than female partners.) That's not to say a one-off punch or kick is harmless. "It's abhorrent for anyone to be a victim of violence," said Andrew King, practice specialist at Relationships Australia NSW, one of a handful of services that works with male victims in that state. "But not all victims' experiences of violence are exactly the same." Women's violence is not always defensive Or rather, there are some telling differences. A body of research shows that in general, women and men perpetrate "equivalent levels" of physical and psychological aggression, but that women's physical violence is more likely than men's to be motivated by self-defence and fear, while men's is more likely to be driven by a need for control. Women are also injured more often and more severely in domestic violence incidents than men, and are more likely to be killed by an intimate partner. In that respect, the domestic homicide gender gap paints a stark picture: an analysis of 152 intimate partner homicides in Australia in the four years to June 2014 found the majority — 80 per cent — involved a male killing his female partner. Of those men, almost all — 93 per cent — had been the primary abuser in their relationship. Just two of the 28 women who killed male partners had been the primary abuser prior to the homicide. 'Everyone is so caught up in the idea that women are always the primary victim and men are the aggressor,' said Elise Stephens.(ABC News: Ben Sanders) But not all women's violence is committed in response to men's. A recent study by the Australian Institute of Criminology, for instance, analysed 153 police narratives of domestic violence incidents involving a female person of interest. It found that while roughly half the episodes involved women using self-defensive or retaliatory violence, half appeared to be motivated by other factors. "Where you have genuine female perpetration and male victimisation I think there are probably more similarities than there are differences," Dr McEwan said. "The ways women use violence might be different because of the physical differences between sexes and ... the broader ways women and men are different. But there are fundamental similarities between who is violent and the reasons they are violent, which can include things like alcohol and drug use, mental illness, and previous experiences of violence." What happens when an abused woman fights back? More women in Queensland are being imprisoned for breaching domestic violence orders, sometimes with serious assaults. But if a significant proportion are victims themselves, as experts say, where are things going so wrong? Read more And although male victims tend to be less fearful of female partners, they can still be "deeply impacted" by psychological and financial abuse and coercive controlling behaviours, said Detective Senior Sergeant Bradley Lawrence, who runs a family violence investigation unit in Melbourne's western suburbs. Police rarely encounter cases of women killing male partners not in self-defence, said Mr Lawrence, whose team is currently managing 131 high-risk perpetrators of partner violence, just eight of whom are women. "But we still see cases where men are victims of unlawful assault, criminal damage, theft and obviously breaches of family violence intervention orders." And it is these men we hear little of. What about coercive control? One reason for this is that violence against men can be tricky to identify. Frontline workers consistently report men are more likely to suffer psychological abuse than physical violence. "Male victims are often not battered and bruised when they come to us for help," said Rebecca O'Connor, the chief executive of DV Connect in Queensland, which operates the Mensline phone service for victims and perpetrators. "So it can be difficult for them to recognise they're being abused and identify as a victim in their own mind." Similarly, in her private practice, forensic psychiatrist and associate professor Carolyn Quadrio says she rarely sees men who've been physically abused. "I've often seen men who've complained of verbal violence, who say their wife or partner yells at them or humiliates them, calls them names, makes them feel bad," she said. "But one-sided physical violence from women to men is really uncommon." The question of whether men experience coercive control, however, is fiercely disputed. The 'worst part' of domestic abuse is not a crime. Should it be? Victims of coercive control report feeling as if they're being held hostage or "smothered alive", and experts are now urging that Australia should introduce laws against it. Read more Sometimes referred to as "intimate terrorism", coercive control is an ongoing pattern of behaviour perpetrators use to dominate, isolate and entrap victims, and a predictor of severe and fatal violence. Many researchers argue it is perpetrated almost exclusively by men against women — reflecting broader, male-dominated systems of social inequality — and is what drives women to flee to shelters with nothing but the clothes they're wearing. The claim is backed up by prosecutions data in jurisdictions where coercive control is a criminal offence. A recent study by researchers from Deakin University, for instance, found the vast majority — 99 per cent — of those convicted of coercive controlling behaviours in England and Wales are male. Still, there are exceptions. Men are "probably less likely" than women to experience coercive control, says Damian Green, chief executive of Stopping Family Violence in Western Australia, but they can "absolutely" be victims of it. "This is really clear if we look at cases where boys are experiencing coercive control from their fathers," said Mr Green, who worked with male perpetrators for more than a decade. "When they grow into adults they don't suddenly become immune from that kind of abuse." In particular, data on coercive control convictions don't necessarily tell the whole story, Mr Green said, because it is less socially acceptable for men to admit to and report experiencing abuse. "I think it's important that those sorts of statistics are contextualised. It may well be that we don't know how men experience coercive control, not that they can't be coercively controlled." 'She would punch like a man — in the eye, the lip, the nose' Occasionally, rare cases involving male victims hit the courts. A few years ago, Dr Quadrio gave evidence in the trial of a Victorian man who was acquitted of murdering his violent partner by shooting her several times at close range, with the jury accepting he had acted in self-defence. The couple's relationship showed all the hallmarks of the "most severe" form of family violence known as "intimate terrorism", Dr Quadrio told the Supreme Court, where one partner is highly controlling of and often physically violent towards the other. The man claimed his partner, who had bipolar affective disorder and a drinking problem, had controlled all aspects of his life, and would often lash out with physical violence during her frequent outbursts of anger, which sometimes lasted for days. The court heard he became isolated and withdrawn, hid his injuries from colleagues and stopped visiting his family as a result. He also told police he doubted an intervention order would be effective, let alone that an abused man would be believed. "He said it's hard to believe because you only ever hear about men hitting women," Dr Quadrio told the court. "She would snap for no reason. She was very angry. She would punch like a man — in the eye, the lip, the nose. It would go on for 10 to 15 minutes and then everything would settle down." Shame and embarrassment deters many male victims from seeking help for domestic abuse, experts say.(ABC News: Ben Sanders) Crucially, Dr Quadrio said, male victims can feel a much greater sense of shame and humiliation about being abused because the idea that a man could be dominated or intimidated by a woman "flies in the face of what a man sees as appropriate for a man". For some men, she said, their commitment to a moral code that "men don't hit women" can leave them feeling helpless to defend themselves, and compound their sense of entrapment in a violent relationship. "Certainly in that case it seemed to me there was exactly the same situation of coercive control," Dr Quadrio told ABC News. "And when you consider that, looking at female victims, coercive control can be just as powerful when there is no physical force used at all, then there's no reason to expect that it should be any different with the genders reversed." Helen Consta, senior manager of family violence and victims assistance services at Windermere in Victoria's south-east, puts it this way: "How often do I encounter men who are victims of domestic violence? Not as often as women. But of the men who do come forward, coercive control is often one of the presenting factors," she said. "They're often not terrorised in terms of being physically in fear of their life. But they certainly experience mental health impacts, feelings of hopelessness and shame — particularly about talking about it ... and so they can feel weak, ineffectual." Nowhere to turn So what happens if a man who's being abused works up the courage to seek help, if responding police take his complaints seriously? Sometimes he'll be supported, experts say, but often he'll struggle. This can be complicated by the high proportion of men who present to domestic violence services — including perpetrator behaviour change programs — as victims, which means frontline staff may initially question or doubt men's accounts. "The irony is, men who present as victims are the least likely to be victims," Mr Green said. Yet depending on the state, there are almost no specialist bricks-and-mortar services for heterosexual male victims, particularly in regional or rural areas. 'The irony is, men who present as victims are the least likely to be victims,' said Damian Green.(ABC News: Ben Sanders) These shortcomings were probed by Victoria's Royal Commission into Family Violence, which in 2016 found there were "opportunities to improve the understanding of male victims and services for them" and that the Government should take steps to "identify and take account" of their needs. Years later, however, it seems some victims' needs are still not being met. (A Department of Justice and Community Safety spokesperson said the Victorian Government was working to implement all of the recommendations of the Royal Commission to keep women, children and families safe. "Other work includes undertaking analysis of police referrals relating to male victims of family violence in order to better understand this complex issue, and ensure males are receiving appropriate support.") There may not be the same need among men for domestic violence refuges, advocates say (there are none in Australia), but many still require counselling, legal assistance and, like Andy, short-term and crisis accommodation. Because the police were involved in one of his incidents, Andy was eventually connected with a state government-funded victims assistance program, which helped him with legal issues, counselling and other support. But prior to that, he said, he went on a "goose chase" trying to find help. He rang Mensline, which he said gave him phone numbers for a handful of services based hundreds of kilometres away, in Melbourne. When he contacted those services, he said, they pointed him back to Mensline. "I just felt like I was on a merry-go-round," Andy said. "I don't blame Mensline because the guy that helped me was really good, very sympathetic — he looked up heaps of stuff for me, gave me contacts. But it is hard enough reaching out for help, only to reach out for help and get put on this merry-go-round ... it's shocking." An impossible conversation Experiences like Andy's can invalidate men's needs at a community level, Mr Green said. "If you are a genuine male victim of family violence, why would you try and reach out for support if there are no specialist services available for you anyway?" The scarcity of services also "feeds the men's rights agenda", he said, because it legitimises their claim that men's needs aren't being addressed. "And that little bit of truth then enables them to generalise in all kinds of ways that are not so helpful." One "generalisation" MRAs frequently make is that domestic abuse is not "gendered" or caused by gender inequality — theories which underpin both federal and state government policies on family and sexual violence. The Federal Government's National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children, for example, briefly acknowledges both men and women can be perpetrators. Yet "overwhelmingly", it says, "the people who carry out domestic, family and sexual violence are men, who commit violence against women". This is true, but experts say the lack of emphasis on male victims in key policies — and the prioritisation of tackling gender inequality over more immediate interventions — is at least partly why there are so few specialist services for men. The story of a 'wife-bashing coward' who spent a decade behind bars Jason was sentenced to 12 years in prison for the attempted murder of his wife. Now he is telling his story because "too many women in this country are dying at the hands of mongrels like me". Read more "We need to talk about gender inequality and power differences between men and women because it's an important reason why women are victimised," Dr McEwan said. "But it makes it almost impossible to have a conversation about male victimisation ... and silences conversations about other causes of domestic violence and appropriate interventions for them." For some frontline workers, the framing of the problem predominantly as one of gendered power imbalances sometimes reveals striking double standards. "There is a lack of specialist services for male victim-survivors and similarly there is a lack of specialist services for women who use violence," Ms Consta said. It is often assumed that women's violence is linked with mental health issues or substance use, she said, and women are often supported to address those "underlying factors". "But when we talk about men who use violence, the stance is that we don't permit them to provide an excuse for it." Of course, men's groups frequently seize on this as evidence of bias against men, an attempt to "silence" male victims. But the irony in such arguments is not lost on Dr Flood, who points out many men's rights campaigners seem to be more focused on "undermining attention" to men's violence against women and attacking domestic violence services than building genuine support for male victims. As a result, he says, their calls for attention to male victims are more likely to be seen as politically motivated — "part of an anti-feminist backlash" — and therefore not heard in good faith. "They're actually undermining efforts to provide services for male victims of violence," Dr Flood said. "And that is terrible because we do need to respond well to male victims." So how to overcome the impasse? Thousands of kilometres away, in the UK, some believe the government's commitment to building a separate strategy for male victims of domestic violence has dissolved much of the tension between feminists and men's groups. Last year, the Home Office published a position statement on male victims intended to "sit alongside" its broader strategy for ending violence against women and girls. The idea was to highlight the unique challenges male victims can face — and boost funding for agencies supporting them — without drawing comparisons or creating divisions between different groups of survivors. 'It is hard enough reaching out for help, only to reach out for help and get put on this merry-go-round,' Andy said.(ABC News: Ben Sanders) "There are still disagreements about the numbers and context of violence against men, but hardly anyone, including in the women's sector, disbelieves there are male victims of domestic abuse," said Ippo Panteloudakis, the head of services for Respect UK, which runs helplines for both male perpetrators and victims. And men's groups which previously devoted energy to attacking women's organisations, he said, have calmed down. "It's not about taking resources away from one group of victims to give to another," he said. "It's about understanding that we need services that are appropriate for men, then overcoming the stigma and embarrassment that can prevent them from accessing those services." Of course, the assumption that any funding for men's services would be drawn from the pool for women's organisations is another reason some advocates hesitate. Bernadette Carroll, director of clinical governance at Relationships Australia Canberra and region said the chronic underfunding of the domestic violence sector overall can create a culture of competitiveness between organisations serving different groups. "There are still so little resources to respond adequately to the epidemic of family violence more broadly," Ms Carroll said, "to the majority of victims who are women." For that reason Damian Green believes Australia, too, needs a separate national policy for male victims that doesn't "distract or detract from" its policy on women and children. "What I think having a specific strategy for male victims [would do] is allow us to focus on ... understanding the issue better, allocating resources for men who are victims, and encouraging men to come forward," Mr Green said. "All of this in the context of addressing it, rather than arguing about whether there is a need." Thinking in shades of grey, seeing beyond stereotypes Anne Ruston, the Minister for Families and Social Services, told ABC News the National Plan has a particular focus on women "because the rate at which women experience family, domestic and sexual violence is disproportionately high". "However, violence perpetrated against anyone is completely unacceptable and as such the Government funds a range of services for men, women and their children including those from diverse communities," Ms Ruston said. This includes Mensline, 1800RESPECT and 23 family violence services around Australia that provide counselling for anyone experiencing family violence. What happens when your abuser is your child? Many parents of violent teens call police for help because they have nowhere else to turn. But new research finds the legal system may be driving cycles of abuse, leaving too many victims suffering in silence. Read more Still, there are hints that any blind-spots for male victims will be considered more closely by the parliamentary Inquiry into family, domestic and sexual violence, which just closed its call for submissions. Chair of the Social Policy and Legal Affairs Committee Andrew Wallace told the ABC he was "very conscious of the need to ensure that the Committee inquires into the resultant damaging impacts on our society, irrespective of the sex of the perpetrator or the victim". In the meantime, Elise Stephens, the practice lead at Interrelate, an agency working with male victims in NSW, says addressing domestic abuse sometimes requires thinking in "shades of grey", seeing beyond stereotypes. "Everyone is so caught up in the idea that women are always the primary victim and men are the aggressor — we get so fixated on which person did what to whom, but forget to look at the bigger picture, and how we can help people," Ms Stephens said. Responding to domestic abuse, she added, is "not about gender as such, it's about assessing the victim who comes through, their family as a whole. What do they want and need, how can we help them ... have respectful relationships?" Carolyn Quadrio agrees. "If we really are trying to encourage men to break out of that macho stereotype" — to overcome social norms that reinforce male dominance and control and stigmatise displays of vulnerability or weakness — "we're going to have to take them seriously," she said. "For many years women who said they were sexually assaulted didn't get a sympathetic response either, but things have changed enormously in the last two decades." When it comes to men's complaints of abuse, however, "We're not there yet. General societal attitudes would still be, a man should just suck it up — I think that's where we still are with men." *The names of survivors have been changed for legal and safety reasons. For more on this story, watch The Drum on ABC TV at 6:00pm and on iView. https://www.google.com.au/amp/amp.abc.net.au/article/12495738
  7. In numbers: Life in Afghanistan after America leaves By The Visual Journalism Team BBC News Getty Images A market trader in Kandahar, the last major Taliban stronghold to fall to the US in 2001 US and Nato troops are finally withdrawing from Afghanistan after 20 years of war. The Taliban, who they came to defeat, are rapidly retaking territory across the country. How has the war changed Afghanistan, and what comes next? Are the Taliban back? The Taliban - a fundamentalist Islamist militia - were forced from power when US-led forces invaded in 2001. Democratic presidential elections and a new constitution were established, but the Taliban waged a long insurgency, gradually regaining strength and drawing more US and Nato forces into the conflict. Now, as the US withdraws the last of its troops, the group is retaking many districts, reimposing their strict form of Sharia law. The BBC Afghan service confirmed the situation across the country on 12 July - verifying which areas were under Taliban or government control. The areas marked as contested are where fighting is happening or the Taliban have a strong presence in parts of the district. The situation on the ground is fluid, and restricted access to some parts of the country make it difficult to verify reports, but it is clear that the Taliban are making significant gains. They are thought to now control about a third of the country. Getty Images Taliban fighters pictured in 2018. The group is rapidly retaking territory across Afghanistan How many people have died since 2001? Twenty years of fighting have left thousands of fighters dead on both sides in Afghanistan and across the border in neighbouring Pakistan. Civilians have also been caught up in the conflict - dying in coalition air strikes and targeted attacks by the Taliban. The number of civilians killed in the first three months of 2021 was "significantly higher" than a year ago, an increase attributed by the United Nations to the use of improvised explosive devices - IEDs - and targeted killings. Women and children made up 43% of civilian casualties in Afghanistan in 2020. Who are the Taliban? UK losses - the cost of the conflict Taliban capture key border crossings How many have fled the fighting? Years of conflict have forced millions to flee their homes, some taking refuge in neighbouring countries or seeking asylum further afield. Many have been left displaced and homeless within Afghanistan, alongside millions facing hardship and hunger. Last year, more than 400,000 people were displaced by conflict. Since 2012, around five million people have fled and not been able to return home. According to the UN's human rights agency, Afghanistan has the third largest displaced population in the world. The coronavirus pandemic has placed an additional strain on Afghanistan's nationwide resources, and lockdowns and movement restrictions have had an impact on many people's ability to earn money - especially in rural areas. According to the UN's Office for Humanitarian Affairs, more than 30% of the population are facing emergency or crisis levels of food insecurity. Can girls go to school now? The fall of the Taliban regime allowed some significant change and progress in terms of women's rights and education. Back in 1999, there was not a single girl enrolled in a secondary school and only 9,000 were at primary schools. By 2003, 2.4 million girls were in school. That figure is now around 3.5 million, and around a third of students at public and private universities are women. But according to the children's charity Unicef, there are still more than 3.7 million children out of school and 60% of them are girls, mainly due to the ongoing conflict and lack of adequate teaching facilities and women teachers. The Taliban say that they no longer oppose girls' education, but according to Human Rights Watch very few Taliban officials in the areas they control actually allow girls to attend school past puberty. Getty Images There are fears the Taliban may reimpose restrictions on girls' education More opportunities for women Women are also participating in public life, holding political office and pursuing business opportunities. More than 1,000 Afghan women had started their own businesses by 2019 - all activities that would have been prohibited under the Taliban. The constitution now dictates that women should hold at least 27% of seats in the lower house of parliament, and they are currently slightly exceeding that with 69 of the 249 seats. How else has life changed? Access to a mobile phones and the internet is growing, despite many other infrastructure issues across the country. More than 8.6 million people - around 22% of the population - had access to the internet in January 2021 and millions now use social media. Mobile phone usage also continues to grow - with about 68% of people now owning a mobile phone. But according to the UN, sporadic outages of mobile service continue to affect communication. Many people in Afghanistan do not have a bank account - around 80% of adults, which is higher than average for low income countries. As well as security concerns, the World Bank says this is mainly due to religious and cultural beliefs, a lack of trust in the financial sector, and low rates of financial literacy. However, the bank expects new projects will help double the percentage of Afghan adults owning bank accounts in the next five years. In the capital, Kabul, where traditional adobe houses line the hillsides, the city skyline has changed over the past 20 years, with clusters of high rise buildings going up. to accommodate a ballooning city population. Kabul saw rapid urbanisation in the years after the Taliban fell, as people moved in from rural districts where fighting continued, and Afghans who fled the Taliban in the 1990s returned home from Pakistan and Iran. Opium central to rural economy Afghanistan remains the world's largest producer of opiates, and British officials estimate that about 95% of heroin that arrives in the UK originates in Afghanistan. According to UN figures, poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has increased significantly in the past 20 years, and only 12 of the country's 34 provinces remain free of poppy cultivation. This is despite targeted eradication programmes and incentives for farmers to switch to crops such as pomegranates or saffron. Although the Taliban enforced a short-lived ban on poppy farming in 2001, it has since become a multi-million dollar source of income for them and others. Poppy farmers are often forced to pay taxes on their earnings to the militants. Political instability, insecurity and too few employment opportunities are seen as the main drivers for increased poppy production. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-57767067
  8. 'My husband was an angel - then he raped me' - By Wael Hussein - BBC News, Cairo முதலாவது இதுதான் BBC ஆங்கிலத்தில் வந்த தலைப்பு.. ஆங்கில தலைப்பில் எந்தவித கோளாறும் இல்லை.. BBC தமிழ்தான் இந்த மாதிரி தலைப்புகள் சில்லறைத்தனமாக போடுவதை நிறுத்தவேண்டும்.. அப்பொழுதுதான் தலைப்பிற்கு ஏற்ப கருத்துகளை கூறலாம்.. இந்த மாதிரி ஒரு தலைப்பைப்போட்டால் வேறுவிதமாகத்தான் கருத்தை எழுதுவார்கள்.. இரண்டாவது ஒப்பீட்டளவில் உடல்ரீதியான வன்முறை மற்றும் பாலியல் வன்முறையால் அதிகம் பாதிக்கப்படுவது பெண்கள், அதிலும் இஸ்லாமிய நாடுகள், ஆசிய நாடுகளில் அதிகம்..சிறுவயது திருமணங்கள், கூட்டு பாலியல் வன்முறை , இன்னமும் நடைபெறுகிறது.. இந்த கட்டுரை சொல்வது பழைமைவாத கருத்துகளை உடைய எகிப்து போன்ற நாடுகளில் மாற்றங்கள் உடனடியாக நிகழாது, இந்த மாதிரி வன்புனர்வு செயல்களிலிருந்து பெண்கள், சிறுமிகளை பாதுகாக்கவேண்டும் என்பதே.. மூன்றாவது, இது அவுஸ்ரேலியாவில் ஆண்கள் எதிர்கொள்ளும் உடல், உள ரீதியான வன்முறைகள், மற்றும் பாலியல் வன்முறைகளைப்பற்றி கூறுகிறது(Male victims of domestic violence have few places to turn or services to call) https://www.google.com.au/amp/amp.abc.net.au/article/12495738 எங்களது சமூகத்தில் ஆண்களை, அவர்களது மனைவி/காதலி/தாய், எப்படி மனரீதியாக, உடல் ரீதியாக கொடுமைபடுத்துகிறார்கள் என்பதும், அதிலிருந்து மீள அவர்கள் என்ன செய்கிறார்கள் என்பதும் வேறு கதை இறுதியாக இந்த செய்தி “ சமூக சாளரத்திற்குள்” இருந்தால் நன்று என நினைக்கிறேன்!! BBC ஆங்கில இணைப்பு https://apple.news/AXTYLrWOoQEaxYaxW6oqY0Q
  9. மறக்கமுடியாத ஒன்று.. நர்சரிக்கு போகும் பொழுது ஒரு நாள் முன் சில்லிற்கு எனது காலைவிட்டு நானும் விழுந்து அப்பாவும் விழுந்தது இன்னமும் நினைவில் உள்ளது.. இந்த விளையாட்டில் நாங்கள் தகரப்பேணிகளை பாவித்து விளையாடினோம்.. பந்து படக்கூடாது என்பதற்காகவே முட்கள் கற்கள், சிறிய மதில்கள் ஒன்றுமே கவனிக்காமல் ஓடி காயங்கள் ஏற்படுத்தி வீட்டில் அடியும் வாங்கி.. எல்லா நினைவுகளும் பொக்கிஷம்
  10. “ வானத்துப்பூங்கிளி”யும் இப்பொழுது எனது listல் சேர்ந்துவிட்டது.. இசை, பாடல்வரிகள், பாடியவர்களின் குரல் எல்லாமே அருமை!!!
  11. Dr இளஞ்செழிய பல்லவனின் பேட்டி( Dan Tamil Oliயில் துறைக்கு அப்பால்- 8/7/21) ஒன்று எனது WhatsApp நட்புவட்டத்தில் பகிரப்பட்டது. முகப்புத்தகத்தில்தான் பேட்டியுள்ளது என்பதால் முழுமையாக இணைக்கமுடியாதுள்ளது.. https://m.facebook.com/watch/?v=543174037096916&_rdr
  12. நானும் அப்படி பொரிவிளாங்காய் என்றுதான் நினைக்கிறேன். ஆனால் பொரிவிளங்காய் என Google தேடிய பொழுது இந்த இணைப்புத்தான் வந்தது . அதனால்தான் சோளப்பொரி என நான் இணைத்த படத்தில் எழுதினேன்.. எது சரியான பெயர் எனதெரியவில்லை..
  13. உங்களுடைய கருத்திற்கு மிக்க நன்றி. பதிவின் moral சரியாக இருந்தாலும், உங்களுடைய கருத்தும் உண்மையானதே.. துக்கத்தை ஒவ்வொருவரும் அனுஷ்டிக்கும்/அதிலிருந்து மீளும் முறைகள் வேறு வேறு இருந்தாலும் பொதுவான எதிர்பார்ப்பைதான் இந்த பதிவு கூறுகிறது..மற்றவர்களுடைய judgementக்காக நாங்கள் வாழவேண்டும் என்பதில்லை எனக்கூறினாலும் இதுவே கணவன் இறந்து மனைவி ஒரு மாதம் முடியுமுன் வெளியே நண்பிகளுடன் சென்றால் எப்படி எடுத்துக்கொள்ளும் இந்த சமூகம்? இதுபோல இன்று பதிவை அவர்களது நண்பர்கள் வெளியிட மாட்டார்களா?. என்னால் சிலவற்றை வெளிப்படையாக கூறமுடியாதுள்ளது. ஆனால் என்னைப் பொறுத்தவரை வாழ்க்கை என்பது இருபாலாருக்குமே பொதுவானது என எவ்வளவுதான் கூறினாலும் சமூகம் என்ன கூறிவிடுமோ என்ற நிலையில் செயல்படுவதும் அதிகளவு மாறவில்லை. எங்களுடைய சமூகத்தில் பெரும்பாலானவர்கள் மற்றவர்களுடைய judgementக்காக வாழ்ந்து தங்களது வாழ்வை மட்டுமல்ல சில நேரங்களில் அவர்களை சார்ந்தவர்களையும் கஷ்டப்படுத்துகிறார்கள் என்பதைதான் அதிகம் பார்க்கிறேன்.. ஆனாலும் உங்களது கருத்துக்கள் சில முற்றிலும் சரியானதே..
  14. எழுதியவர் யார் என்று தெரியவில்லை, ஆனாலும் அருமை.. //ஊரே ஒன்று கூடி..,உயிர்த் தண்ணீர் விட்டுக் கொண்டிருக்கிறார்கள், எனக்குத் தெரியாதா என்ன?யாருடைய பார்வைக்கப்புறம்.பறக்கும் இந்த உயிரென்று?//. இதைவிட எப்படி விபரிப்பது தந்தை - மகள் பாசத்தை.. பகிர்ந்தமைக்கு நன்றிகள்
  15. அதேபோல சிறுவயதில் சாப்பிட்ட ஒரு , அதில் விசில் அடிக்கும் சத்தத்தை ஏற்படுத்தலாம். பெயர் நினைவில்லை
  16. உண்மை மீண்டும் மீண்டும் ஒரே விடயத்தைத்தான் கதைக்கவேண்டியுள்ளது. சில காலத்திற்கு(இரண்டு வருடங்களிற்கு முன்பு?) வடக்கில் உள்ள தொண்டு நிறுவனங்களை அழைத்து ஒன்றினைந்து செயற்படுவதற்கான வாயப்புகளை ஆராய கூட்டம் கூட்டப்பட்டு முடிவு ஒன்றும் எடுக்கப்படவில்லை என படித்த நினைவுள்ளது.. ஏதோவொரு விடயத்தில் பிழைத்துக்கொண்டுவிடுகிறது..
  17. ஊர் கோவில் திருவிழாக்காலங்களில் இந்த இளஞ்சிவப்புகலர் சோளப்பொரியை சாப்பிட்டு பல், நாக்கு எல்லாம் இளஞ்சிவப்புகலராக்கி கொண்டு திரிந்தது நினைவிருக்கா?
  18. மிக்க நன்றி.. நீங்கள் கூறியபடி மிக அழகிய கண்டமென்றில் வாழும் வாய்ப்பு கிடைத்துள்ளது.. அதே போல வீட்டிலிருந்த படி வேலை, ஊருக்கு போக முடியாத நிலை.. எல்லாம் சேர்ந்து மனம் இந்த மாதிரி இடங்களை நாடுகிறது. ஆனால் எங்களவர்களில் பெரும்பாலானோர், எங்கே போனாலும் குறிப்பிட்ட சில விடயங்களையே எப்பொழுதும் திரும்ப திரும்ப கதைப்பார்கள்( அடுத்து என்ன உணவு, tution கதைகள் and தமிழ் tv serials) அந்தந்த இடங்களில் உள்ள தனித்துவமான விடயங்களை அனுபவிப்பதற்கு விரும்புவதில்லை. இதனாலேயே இப்பொழுது இந்தமாதிரிப் பயணங்கள் ஒரு சலிப்பை தந்துவிடுகிறது..
  19. எனது ஒரு உயரதிகாரி பெண், அவரது கணவர் House Husband.. வீட்டிலிருந்து 3 பிள்ளைகளையும் வீட்டையும் கவனிக்கிறார்.. மேலும்.. இது அவரவர் குடும்ப நிலையையும், கணவன் மனைவிக்குமிடையிலான பரஸ்பர புரிந்துணர்வையும் அடிப்படையாக கொண்டதே..
  20. மிக்க நன்றி.. உண்மையில் இந்த மாதிரி இடங்களுக்கு தனியாக போவதையே விரும்புவதுண்டு, ஏனெனில் அப்பொழுதுதான், முழுமையாக இயற்கையுடன், உங்களை ஈடுபடுத்த முடியும்.. தனித்து உங்களது எண்ண அலைகளுடன் இருக்கமுடியும்.. ஆனால் எனக்கு அப்படியான சந்தர்ப்பங்கள் கிடைப்பதில்லை, என்பதால் மற்றவர்களுடன் குழுக்களாக போனாலும் கூடியவரையில் அந்தந்த இடங்களுக்கே உரிய தனித்துவமான அம்சங்களை ரசிப்பதுண்டு.. புதிய இடங்கள், பழக்கவழக்கங்கள், எல்லாமே ரசிக்ககூடியவை..
  21. ஆகாயவெளியை நோக்கி அப்புவின் விழிகள் பார்க்கும்.. அந்தநாள் நினைவுகளில் ஆச்சியும் கண்ணுறங்கும்.. அர்த்தமுள்ள வரிகள், ஆரவாரமில்லாத இசை. இனிமையான குரலில் ஊரை நினைவூட்டும் ஒரு பாடல்.. பாடல்வரிகள், இசை: Dr சிவன்சுதன்
  22. NAIDOC(National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee) அல்லது ‘National Aboriginal Day', ஒவ்வொரு வருடமும் ஆடி முதலாம் கிழமை ஆரம்பமாகி ஒரு வாரம் அவர்களுடைய நிகழ்வுகள் நடைபெறும். இந்த வருடம் கடந்த 4ம் திகதி தொடங்கி வரும் 11ந்திகதி வரை நிகழ்வுகள் நடைபெறும். இந்த வருடத்திற்கான கருப்பொருள் “Heal Country – calls for stronger measures to recognise, protect, and maintain all aspects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and heritage.” இவர்களுடைய இந்த NAIDOC வார ஆரம்பநிகழ்வில் இலங்கையில் பிறந்த, சிட்னியில் வாழ்ந்துவரும் ஓவியர், சிற்பகலைஞரான ரமேஷ் மாரியோ நித்தியேந்திரன் அவர்களின் ஒரு படைப்பும் கண்காட்சிக்கு வைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.. அவரது சிற்பங்கள் மிக மிக வித்தியாசமானவை.. Dark Mofo festival weathered the backlash against Union Flag and a First Nations boycott, but the impact will be lasting ABC Arts / By arts editor Dee Jefferson Posted 1dday ago, updated 1dday ago On opening night of Dark Mofo, First Nations performers led the public on a 'reclamation walk' through Hobart CBD, before raising the Aboriginal flag.(Supplied: Dark Mofo/Remi Chauvin) The opening ceremony for Dark Mofo this year was not conceived by the festival creative team — but rather, by the Palawa/Pakana community, traditional custodians of lutruwita (what is now known as Tasmania). It started with a welcome to country in a car park in the CBD, led by Tasmanian Aboriginal elders and featuring dancing, singing and ceremonial smoke. Aboriginal elder Aunty Nanette 'Netty' Shaw told the assembled crowd: "Today we are continuing our culture, that is passed down through generation to generation."(Supplied: Dark Mofo/Remi Chauvin) "As you are gathered for this event, close your eyes and imagine this place in my ancestors' time," Aunty Nanette Shaw said. This was followed by a "reclamation walk" through nipaluna (Hobart CBD), led by First Peoples. "Come, walk with us," said organiser AJ King (a Bigambul and Wakka Wakka man) — an invitation taken up by a crowd of a couple of thousand. The event culminated with the raising of the Aboriginal flag in Liverpool Street, which had been transformed with soil and sand, native plants and trees. The event, titled Home State Reclamation Walk, was the first in Dark Mofo's eight-year history. Shaw, who led the Welcome to Country alongside Uncle Rodney Dillon, said she hoped it was not the last. "It was an absolutely wonderful, wonderful experience [and] I'm hoping like heck that they continue with it [for Dark Mofo 2022]," she told me the following week. Aunty Netty told ABC the opening night ceremony and installation had "opened people's minds and broken down a lot of barriers, I think".(Supplied: Dark Mofo/Remi Chauvin) The blood-soaked flag Home State Reclamation Walk was conceived in the aftermath of a wave of criticism and calls to boycott Dark Mofo, following the announcement in March of Spanish artist Santiago Sierra's now-notorious artwork, Union Flag. As part of that announcement, the festival called for donations of blood by "First Nations peoples from countries claimed by the British Empire at some point in history" — for the purposes of soaking a Union Jack flag in blood. The backlash against Dark Mofo and its parent institution, the Museum of Old and New Art (MONA), was swift and strong, and included criticism from visual artist and curator Paola Balla (a Wemba-Wemba and Gunditjmara woman) and former Sydney Festival artistic director Wesley Enoch (Noonuccal Nuugi). Daniel Browning, host of ABC RN's Awaye! at the time, described the work as exploitative and derivative. "The Union Jack is known throughout the world among colonised people as the butcher's apron, precisely because of the bloodshed — the real bloodshed in the name of the British Empire," he said on the show. Listen: Black blood and white tears on Awaye! Browning also pointed to Sierra's track record of making "schlock art" that mined other people's trauma, which has included paying sex workers, with heroin, to be tattooed while being filmed; and filling a Jewish synagogue with carbon monoxide. "These, in my opinion, are not performative or aesthetic experiences. They're not designed to deepen our awareness. In my opinion, and to my mind, they're vapid, tasteless and culturally unconscious acts that actually reproduce and banalise violence, genocide and trauma," Browning said. Tasmanian Aboriginal artist and activist Jamie Graham Blair (a Trawlwulwuy and Plangermaireener man) wrote in an Instagram post: "Indigenous bodies are not tools to be used by colonisers. We are not props for your white guilt art." MONA curator Emma Pike wrote a letter to owner David Walsh signed by other staff members, decrying the Union Flag commission as "tone-deaf to the current fights for a treaty, equality, for Aboriginal-led conversations, and ultimately reconciliation". Leigh Carmichael, creative director of Dark Mofo and its parent organisation DarkLab, defended the work in an interview with ABC Hobart on March 23 — citing freedom of artistic expression and saying: "The artist's view or his intention, I believe, is honourable and clear. And he's against colonialism and all the horror that comes with that." But within 24 hours, the festival had issued an apology, acknowledging the hurt caused and cancelling the work. This year's Dark Mofo went ahead nonetheless, but the festival that opened on June 16 was one that had been substantially affected — and in fact shaped — by the Union Flag fallout. ABC Arts went down to Hobart to talk to the artists who stayed in the program as well as those who did not; we listened to First Nations artists and community members with different perspectives on the past, present and future of the festival. What follows is an attempt to represent the complexity and nuance of that conversation. 'A masterclass in cultural incompetency' It is not the first time the festival has been the subject of controversy — and in fact some believe they actively court it — but Union Flag is the first project Dark Mofo has cancelled in response to criticism. In a lengthy blog post reflecting on his decision to approve and then cancel the work, Walsh concluded: "It's no wonder everyone is disgusted. I'm sorry." Speaking to ABC Hobart, Pakana artist Caleb Nichols-Mansell described the festival's apology as "too little too late". "The damage has already been done within the Tasmanian community and the arts sector, and the trauma and distress that we've had to wear as a community the last couple of days trying to explain why this is so wrong, I believe outweighs any impact that the actual work would have had in its original form," he told Drive's Lucy Breaden. Listen: Caleb Nichols-Mansell on ABC Drive Read more Nala Mansell from the Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre told ABC News that Dark Mofo's failure to consult broadly among First Nations communities was critical: "To not speak to the people they were hoping to represent, prior to the announcement … is what has led to its demise." Browning described MONA's handling of the situation as "a masterclass in cultural incompetency". Speaking to Browning on Awaye!, Tasmanian artist and Aboriginal Heritage officer Fiona Hamilton (a Trawlwulwuy woman) said: "If you want to talk about colonialism and the impact of colonialism, that has to start from the place where you're situated and the lands that you're situated in, and give Tasmanian Aboriginal people our voice to talk about that and lead those discussions." Listen: Fiona Hamilton on Awaye! Hamilton spoke to Browning about her longer history of engaging with MONA, including a profoundly negative experience involving the 2014 'Aboriginal DNA testing kiosk' by Swiss artist Christoph Buchell, culminating in her decision last year to abandon any relationship with the organisation. A boycott MONA's institutional power has been put under the microscope as a result of the flag fiasco. Jamie Graham-Blair and Kaurna artist James Tylor co-convened a petition to Blak List MONA, on behalf of a broader group who said they "will not work with MONA, MONA FOMA and DARK MOFO until there are organisational reforms to be respectful to First Peoples, our culture and our histories". Their petition said MONA and its festivals were "no longer … safe and respectful working environments for First Australian artists, arts curators and arts workers", and called on them to undertake six key reforms, including mandatory cultural awareness training and decolonisation workshops for all staff, the appointment of First Nations curators, and a First Nations advisory board. The petition also called for an apology "for past events that have negatively affected First Peoples eg. Santiago Sierra project, Mike Parr's project, the Aboriginal DNA test project and the damages to Aboriginal Heritage Sites during the construction of MONA". In the weeks that followed, artists withdrew from Dark Mofo, and the festival's visual arts curator, Theia Connell, resigned. Ramesh Mario Nithiyendran's installation Earth Deities was part of this year's outdoor art park: Dark Downtown.(Supplied: Dark Mofo/Jesse Hunniford) Brisbane-based Aboriginal artist collective proppaNOW, whose members include Richard Bell, Megan Cope and Tony Albert, was slated to present work at Dark Mofo, but withdrew from discussions. Cope told ABC Arts: "The reason we withdrew was because of the harm that was caused by Leigh Carmichael's curatorial vision to use Indigenous blood to stain the Union Jack, and his decision to double-down during debate about the project." Ian Sinclair and Loren Kronemyer of live art duo Pony Express (who presented Ecosexual Bathhouse at Dark Mofo 2017) also withdrew from the 2021 program, but chose to present their new work Abolish the Olympics concurrent with the festival — at Contemporary Art Tasmania. "We had conversations and listened to our First Nations peers," Sinclair told ABC Arts. "And we thought maybe, or hoped, it [withdrawing from the festival] would allow for a greater platform — or give space — to local First Nations artists to be deeply involved in the 2021 program for Dark Mofo." Abolish the Olympics interrogates the negative side effects of large-scale cultural events on communities. (Supplied: Pony Express/Julian Frichot) Making space Senior Australian artist Fiona Hall was one of those who chose to remain in the program but said that in the aftermath of the Union Flag announcement she felt uneasy. Hall is known for large-scale installations with environmental themes, and represented Australia at the 2015 Venice Biennale with the installation Wrong Way Time. Dark Mofo proposed that she take over an empty shop in Liverpool Street, and she was contemplating a work about environmental degradation that would involve building a burnt-out hut and natural landscape inside the space. The festival offered to put her in touch with members of the local community who were involved in cultural burning — and this is how she met AJ King, a Bigambul and Wakka Wakka man living in Kaoota with his partner, Trawlwulwuy artist Bronwyn Dillon. When Hall mentioned her installation idea to King, he told her about a large palawa 'cremation hut' that had been recorded at Recherche Bay in southern lutruwita in the 1790s, by French explorers. "And I'm just sitting there thinking, 'That's amazing. Actually, that's what should happen here.' … [I realised] this is their project, not mine," Hall told ABC. Artist Fiona Hall says: "Absolutely none of this is my work. It's purely the power and the visualisation of the palawa people."(ABC Arts: Tim Noonan) Over the following weeks, King worked with members of the Palawa community to create Home State Nipaluna: a bark hut inside the shopfront space that Hall's work would have sat in. The title is a cheeky twist on the name of the home decor shop that had previously occupied the space, which was called Home State Hobart. Instead of trinkets and cushions, Home State Nipaluna displayed shell necklaces and baskets made from grass and kelp, by Tasmanian Aboriginal artists including Aunty Netty Shaw and Fiona Hughes. Inside the hut hung cremation amulets made by Luana Towney and Bronwyn Dillon. The construction of the hut involved many community members, including Jason Thomas, Sheldon Thomas and Leroy Hart.(Supplied: Dark Mofo/Jesse Hunniford) Towney told ABC: "For me, it was a case of, do I want to be a part of Dark Mofo after what's happened or do I not want to. And then when I was approached by AJ … and he told me what the project was about, I thought what a great way to promote our culture [and] encourage more of our community to be more active in their culture." In the process of gathering materials for the hut, members of the community went bark harvesting on Bruny Island and women ran twining workshops on Cape Barren Island, where young girls learned alongside older women. Reclamation For King, Home State Nipaluna was an unexpected silver lining. "I got somehow invited out of the blue to have a conversation with a lady called Fiona [Hall], who apparently is a contemporary artist … so I went into this conversation blind," he said. He had publicly criticised Dark Mofo in the wake of the Union Flag announcement, including on ABC radio. "So, for me to then make a conscious decision to turn around and [work with Dark Mofo] was a big thing," he told ABC. AJ King says before working with Dark Mofo he asked himself: "Are they really genuine about letting Aboriginal people take the lead on creating something in this space?"(ABC Arts: Tim Noonan) At the centre of King's mind was the idea of 'reclamation'. "We see a lot of narrative acknowledgement statements on buildings … acknowledging the original and first owners of the land, which is great," he said. "[But] if we can take that to a next level — to a deeper level — I think we can really push some buttons and really get people starting to think about the depth of our culture and our history and our knowledge." From the idea of the hut, his ambitions for the project blossomed. "[I thought] it would be fantastic for the broader community to come with us on a walk, just a couple of blocks … and walk with us into this reclamation space. "We would actually reclaim [the CBD] just for a little bit of time — we'd have our mob out there in the street." For the entirety of Dark Mofo, the local Palawa mob lived in the hut — sleeping there, weaving there, occupying the space. On the morning after opening night, Towney told ABC: "Sitting down in the hut last night, it was just amazing. It was so peaceful, we were just sitting there doing what our old people would have been doing. I was breastfeeding my baby, Bron was sitting there grinding ochre, and Bec was laying down, keeping warm under her possum skin. Luana Towney is an artist and children's book author.(ABC Arts: Tim Noonan) Listen: The Indigenous history of Hobart Read more During 'opening hours', members of the public were allowed in, a few at a time, to walk through the space. King told ABC: "The idea is that when people come walking through … they're getting this real warm sense of, you know, what it would have been like for the old people to be sitting here doing this stuff on muwinina country all those years ago." Over the course of the weekend, there was always a queue of people waiting to enter. Relationships, repair Many of the key moments of this year's Dark Mofo happened behind the scenes, and were powered by First Nations people; they involved forging relationships, bringing community together, and having conversations. Sometimes, as with the women in the hut, the work involved simply holding space and practising culture with no audience at all. King, who took on a paid project-management role with Dark Mofo, was one of the key proponents of this engagement. Caleb Nichols-Mansell was another. Having been one of Dark Mofo's most vocal critics in March, in April he accepted one of two new First Nations advisory roles with the festival, alongside Gumbaynggirr and Dunghutti artist and arts worker Dylan Hoskins. "I don't think that I am the solution," Nichols-Mansell told ABC. "But what I can provide is a step into our [Palawa and Pakana] community, for Leigh and the organisation to better understand who we are and how we operate so that we can better work together into the future." Caleb Nichols-Mansell lives and works in Burnie and is co-founder of Blackspace Creative Arts and Cultural Hub.(ABC Arts: Tim Noonan) Like King, Nichols-Mansell emphasises the positive outcomes from the Union Flag fallout. "But ultimately, it was the artists that were kind of most damaged from that process … Some artists had already been programmed in the festival, and that brought about uncertainty whether they would be pulling their works or keeping them in the festival." Speaking to ABC on the eve of the festival, he said his role in the previous six weeks had mainly been "talk[ing] to those artists about what their particular issues are, and addressing those issues". Additionally, he facilitated connecting one of the artists in Dark Mofo's 2021 program, Melbourne-based painter Thelma Beeton, with her ancestral country, family and community. Thelma Beeton's paintings featured in Dark Mofo exhibition The Tench at the former Hobart Convict Penitentiary.(Supplied: Dark Mofo/ Remi Chauvin) After the festival, Nichols-Mansell and Beeton travelled to Launceston, Flinders Island and Cape Barren Island (where her grandparents were born) to meet different communities and family members. It was the second time she had been to Tasmania (following a school trip in year 7), and the first time she had visited her ancestral country. Beeton learned to paint in prison, through Indigenous arts program The Torch, which also introduced her to Palawa culture and her totem, the native emu (which is a recurring motif in her work). She told ABC: "Because of Dark Mofo, I get to connect with my family and meet my family. And, I mean, I could never afford to do that." 'Toxic positivity' and truth-telling In talking to First Nations artists and observers about Dark Mofo and the Santiago Sierra fallout, there is a divide between those who have decided to engage with the festival with a sense of optimism, and others who remain sceptical of the festival's response. Dylan Hoskins, who has worked with MONA and DarkLab for several years — starting in hospitality and working his way up to production, and now the First Nations advisory role — said: "I know the work [Union Flag] hurt a lot of people. Watch: Dark Mofo on Art Works Art Works heads to Dark Mofo festival to hear from Tasmanian First Nations artists about the Union Flag controversy and how the fallout shaped the 2021 festival. Read more Hamilton worries that "difficult conversations" about the relationship between MONA, Dark Mofo and the Tasmanian Aboriginal community are being neglected in the rush to repair. "We're not some big harmonious group, in Tasmania we're a diverse group … [and] we're a deeply traumatised group of people," she explained. "And when we're hurt we're hurt and when people in our community are hurting, we don't just dust it off — we address that hurt and that harm … [And] if we're just going to sweep that under the carpet and employ some toxic positivity, what will happen is that those people won't have a chance to resolve their issues with Dark Mofo and they won't have an opportunity to heal." Next steps In late April, when it announced the two aforementioned First Nations advisers, DarkLab also announced a $60,000 seed fund for Tasmanian Aboriginal artists to develop proposals for future Dark Mofo festivals — and a yet-to-be-appointed First Nations cultural advisory group. Speaking to ABC during this year's festival, Hamilton expressed concern that these measures, taken with the Home State Reclamation Walk and Home State Nipaluna project, might constitute "black cladding" rather than meaningful, long-term change. Via email, festival director Leigh Carmichael told ABC Arts that DarkLab would "meet and yarn with as many Tasmanian Aboriginal people and artists as we can over the coming months, and make a decision on what is the best way to form an advisory group sometime later in the year". Asked what the festival would do to address concerns that the festival was an unsafe working environment for First Nations artists, Carmichael wrote: Leigh Carmichael, creative director of Dark Mofo, is in negotiations with the Tasmanian government over future funding of the festival.(Supplied: DarkLab/Amy Brown) Nichols-Mansell told ABC: "I know from the conversations I've had, there is this idea that in the past the festival has been culturally unsafe, but I certainly feel confident moving forward that the festival has become a culturally safer space. Aunty Netty Shaw also emphasised the importance of Palawa involvement, and said: "It (consultation) needs to be with the whole community." 'Revolutionary change' Historian Greg Lehman, a descendent of the Trawlwulwuy people who has worked as a consultant and advisor with MONA previously (including an integral role in the proposal for a Truth and Reconciliation Art Park), wants MONA and its subsidiaries to "get more Indigenous people into the organisation" — not just curators and artists, but also "registrars, cultural practitioners, business-people, patrons, audiences". But Lehman says he doesn’t think MONA et al should necessarily adopt a First Nations reference group, Reconciliation Action Plan or anything else "that might come out of the playbook of a public institution". Having worked in and around public institutions for 40 years, including a long-term stint on the National Museum of Australia's Indigenous Reference Group, he says: "There's a lot that can be achieved through those things." "But at the same time, those sorts of processes are conditional, they are constrained; they work within a framework which emerges from colonial and imperial traditions of collecting institutions," he said. He points to this year's Dark Mofo as a case in point: "[There] are a number of elements in the program which weren't planned, they weren't contrived … they weren't cooked up by a consultative process. [Instead] Leigh responded to the challenges over the last couple of months by creating some space … for something to happen. "And that will exponentially expand the space and the permission and the environment within which even more things can happen next year, as Indigenous participation increases." https://www.google.com.au/amp/s/amp.abc.net.au/article/100252542
  23. யாழ் இணையத்திற்கும் என்னை ஊக்குவிக்கும் உங்களுக்கும் மற்றைய யாழ் கள உறவுகளுக்கும் மிக்க நன்றி.. உண்மைதான் இனி உங்கள் ஊர் அமைச்சர் ப்ரீதி பட்டேலும் அகதிகளாக வருவோரை, அவுஸ்ரேலியா செய்வது போல( அகதிகளை Christmas Island, Nauru Island தங்க வைப்பது போல) UKற்கு வெளியே(?) தங்க வைத்து, அதன்பின்புதான் விசாரனைகள் நடைபெறும் என கூறுவதாக செய்திகள் வருகிறதே?
  24. மிக்க நன்றி… எனது கருத்தை எழுதிய போது கரிபியன்/மேற்கிந்திய தீவுகள் என எழுதியிருந்திருக்கவேண்டும்.. இன்று மேலோட்டமாக சில இணையங்களில் வாசித்தபொழுது பஹாமாஸில்தான் இறங்கினார் என எழுதியிருந்தது.. கொலம்பஸ் காலடி பதித்த நாளைத்தானே “கொலம்பஸ் நாள்” என்று இப்பொழுதும் கொண்டுகிறார்கள்.. அதனால்தான் அமெரிக்காவை கண்டுபிடித்தது அவர் என நினைத்திருந்தேன்.. கடைசியில் பார்த்தால் Vikingsதான் அமெரிக்காவை கண்டுபிடித்தது என கூறுகிறார்கள்.. நாங்கள் ஏன் இப்பொழுது இந்த அல்லிராணியை விட்டுவிட்டு அமெரிக்காவிற்கு போகவேண்டும்? இந்த linkற்கு போனால் “ This content is not available in your location “ என வருகிறதே? Anyway, உங்கள் இருவருடைய கருத்துபரிமாற்றங்களிலிருந்து பல விஷயங்களை அறிந்து கொண்டேன்.. அதற்கு மிக்க நன்றி..
  25. “கம்யூனிடி கிச்சன்” கேட்பதற்கு மட்டுமே அழகாகவும் பொருத்தமானதாகவும் உள்ளது.. அவ்வளவுதான்.. நடைமுறையில் எப்படி சரிவரும் என்பது கேள்விக்குறி.. குடும்ப உறுப்பினர்களை ஒன்றினைப்பது சாப்பாட்டு அறையே.. ஒரு தரமாவது குடும்பத்தவர்கள் சேர்ந்து உணவு உண்பது அந்த குடும்பத்தின் பிணைப்பை அதிகரிக்கும், குடும்ப உறுப்பினர்கள் சேர்ந்து இரவு உணவை சமைப்பதோ, அல்லது வார இறுதி நாட்களில் ஒருவருக்கொருவர் உதவி செய்து வீட்டுவேலைகள், உணவு சமைப்பதோ, அந்த குடும்பத்தின் பிணைப்பை அதிகரிக்கும்.. அதே நேரம்,மேலே கட்டுரையில் கூறியது போல, தற்பொழுது ஆண்பிள்ளைகளுக்கும் தனிசலுகைகள் கொடுத்து வளர்க்காமல் அவர்களுக்கும் வேலைகளை கொடுத்து, இது பெண்களுக்குரியது மட்டுமல்ல, என கூறி வளர்க்கப்படும் பொழுது இயல்பாகவே தனக்கென ஒரு வாழ்க்கை(அது தனித்தோ, சேர்ந்தோ) வரும் பொழுது வேலைகளை பகிர்ந்துகொள்கிறார்கள்.. இல்லை தனித்து இருந்தாலும் தங்கள் வாழ்க்கையை கொண்டு நடத்தவும் தெரிகிறது.. சமூக கிச்சன் - பொதுநிகழ்வுகளுக்கு மட்டுமே..
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