Bayraktar TB2 drones. Photograph: Efrem Lukatsky/AP. ...
Switchblade drones. Photograph: U.S. Marine Corps/Cover-Images.com. ...
Stinger missiles. Photograph: Valda Kalniņa/EPA. ...
Javelin missiles. Photograph: AP. ...
Portable anti-tank weapons. ...
Light anti-tank Weapon missiles. ...
Starstreak anti-aircraft missiles. ...
What weapons have other countries supplied to Ukraine?
The west’s military assistance began cautiously but now includes drones that can destroy Russian tanks
Russia-Ukraine war: latest updates
US soldiers aim a Stinger missile launcher during a military exercise in Yeonchun, South Korea. Photograph: Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Images
Thu 17 Mar 2022 15.34 GMT
The US president, Joe Biden, has announced an $800m (£610m) package of arms to Ukraine as the west steps up military aid against invading Russia forces.
The west’s military assistance to Ukraine began cautiously with helmets and flak jackets but now includes drones that can destroy Russian tanks and artillery from 50 miles away.
The west has repeatedly refused to enforce a no-fly zone over Ukraine but is now supplying a range of powerful weapons. They include:
Bayraktar TB2 drones
Photograph: Efrem Lukatsky/AP
These Turkish-made drones featured prominently in videos at the start of the invasion. They showed a number of successful attacks against Russian tanks and armoured vehicles. They have since became less effective after Russia set up air defences in the battlefield. Turkey began selling the TB2 drones to Ukraine in 2019. Turkish officials have refused to disclose how many, but independent estimates reckon Ukraine has up to 50 TB2s.
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Aaron Stein, director of research at the US Foreign Policy Research Institute, described them as the “Toyota Corolla of drones”. He said: “It doesn’t do everything that your high-end sports car does, but it does 80% of that. So even for a high-end military, like the US the basic concept of using in an attritable, cheap platform to strike a superior force has inherent value.”
Photograph: U.S. Marine Corps/Cover-Images.com
Biden’s “unprecedented assistance” includes 100 drones, which officials have said are the Switchblade or “kamikaze drone” that explode on impact. Each drone is folded into a lightweight mortar launcher. Once it is fired the drone’s wings open out as the weapon is guided to its target. The most powerful version travels at 115mph and has a range of 50 miles. A lighter version has a range of six miles.
Photograph: Valda Kalniņa/EPA
The latest US package includes 800 Stinger anti-aircraft systems in addition to more than 600 already promised. The FIM-92 Stinger is a “man-portable air-defence system” – or Manpads – that is typically used by ground troops but can also be used from helicopters. This type of weapon was seen as crucial to the mujahideen’s successful guerrilla conflict in the Soviet-Afghan war in the 1980s. Germany has also pledged to send 500 Stinger missiles.
The Javelin is an anti-tank missile system that uses thermal imaging to find its target. The latest US package includes 2,000 of these missiles. They can be fired from a shoulder launcher or from the ground.
Portable anti-tank weapons
Photograph: Valentyn Ogirenko/Reuters
The White House says it is sending 6,000 AT4 portable anti-tank weapons as part of the package outlined by Biden. The Swedish-made 84mm-calibre weapon has a range of 500 metres. It requires little training to use, but is single-shot so it has be discarded after it is fired. Thousands more anti-tank weapons are being supplied by European countries. These include Germany, which has pledged 1,000 anti-tank weapons from its inventory; Norway with 2,000; and Sweden, which has delivered 5,000.
Light anti-tank Weapon missiles
Photograph: Sergei Supinsky/AFP/Getty Images
The UK has sent 3,615 of these British-Swedish-made short-range next generation light anti-tank weapons – or NLAW missiles. Hundreds more are also expected to be sent at a cost of £120m. The missiles weigh only 12.5kg and are just over 1 metre long, making them easy for infantry to use. They have a maximum range of just 800 metres. The US has also pledged 1,000 light anti-armour weapons.
இவ்வளவு ஆயுதங்கள், மேற்கால் கொடுக்கப்பட்ட ஆயுதங்கள், 34 மில்லியன் 18 வயதுக்கு மேற்பட்டவர்கள் , 40 நாடுகளின் இராணுவ ஆலோசனைகள், மேற்குலகின் பிரச்சார ஊடகங்கள் இவ்வளவும் யூக்ரேனுக்கு உள்ளது.