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களத்தில் உள்நுழையும் வழிமுறையில் மாற்றம் செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளது. மேலதிக விளக்கங்களிற்கு

விவசாயி விக்

கருத்துக்கள பார்வையாளர்கள்
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Everything posted by விவசாயி விக்

  1. வினை விதைத்தால் என்ன அறுவடை என்று உங்களுக்கு சொல்லி தெரிய தேவை இல்லை.
  2. இவரை கேட்டு இந்தி எதிர்ப்பு செய்யாதீர்கள். இவரால் எமக்கு ஒரு அரசியல் அனுகூலமும் கிடைத்தது இல்லை. இந்தியா வாக்களிக்காமல் தள்ளி இருந்ததே பெரிய விடயம். வைகோ(ல்) பட்டடை பழமொழியை சிந்தியுங்கள். இவரால் ஒன்றும் நடக்கப்போவதில்லை.
  3. சகோ, இப்போது பத்து ஏக்கர் வேலணை தோட்டத்தில் மண்ணை வளப்படுத்த இந்த 20 தானிய முறையை செய்முறை படுத்தி சோதிக்க உத்தேசம். வாகரை பகுதியிலும் சில நிலங்களை இப்போது கண்டறிந்துள்ளோம். அங்கேயும் பயிர் செய்கை தொடங்குமுன் இந்த தானிய முறையை சோதிப்போம். நம்மாழ்வார் ஐயா தான் எனது குரு. அவரிடம் நிறைய தமிழ் பண்டைய உணவு விவசாய விடயங்களை படித்துள்ளேன். பதிவிற்கு மிக்க நன்றி.
  4. The Corn of the Future Is Hundreds of Years Old and Makes Its Own Mucus This rare variety of corn has evolved a way to make its own nitrogen, which could revolutionize farming. Smithsonian Magazine Jason Daley Read when you’ve got time to spare. The corn variety Sierra Mixe grows aerial roots that produce a sweet mucus that feeds bacteria. The bacteria, in turn, pull nitrogen out of the air and fertilize the corn. If scientists can breed this trait into conventional corn, it could lead to a revolution in agriculture. Photo from Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 4.0. In the 1980s, Howard-Yana Shapiro, now chief agricultural officer at Mars, Incorporated, was looking for new kinds of corn. He was in the Mixes District of Oaxaca in southern Mexico, the area where the precursors to maize (aka corn) first evolved, when he located some of the strangest corn ever seen. Not only was it 16 to 20 feet tall, dwarfing the 12-foot stuff in American fields, it took six to eight months to mature, far longer than the 3 months needed for conventional corn. Yet it grew to those impressive heights in what can charitably be called poor soil, without the use of fertilizer.. But the strangest part of the corn was its aerial roots--green and rose-colored, finger-like protrusions sticking out of the corn’s stalk, dripping with a clear, syrupy gel. Shapiro suspected that those mucousy fingers might be the Holy Grail of agriculture. He believed that the roots allowed this unique variety of corn, dubbed Sierra Mixe and locally bred over hundreds or even thousands of years, to produce its own nitrogen, an essential nutrient for crops that is usually applied as fertilizer in epic amounts. The idea seemed promising, but without DNA tools to look into the specifics of how the corn was making nitrogen, the discovery was shelved. Nearly two decades later, in 2005, Alan B. Bennett of the University of California, Davis—along with Shapiro and other researchers—began using cutting-edge technology to look into the nitrogen-fixing properties of the phlegmy corn, finding that indeed, bacteria living in the mucus were pulling nitrogen from the air, transmuting it into a form the corn could absorb. Now, in 2018, after over a decade of field research and genetic analysis, the team has published their work in the journal PLOS Biology. If the nitrogen-fixing trait could be bred into conventional corn, allowing it to produce even a portion of its own nitrogen, it could reduce the cost of farming, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and halt one of the major pollutants in lakes, rivers and the ocean. In other words, it could lead to a second nitrogen revolution. The synthetic production of nitrogen may be the greatest achievement of the 20th century. The discovery of the Haber-Bosch process and its refinements, in which nitrogen is stripped out of the air under high heat and pressure in the presence of a catalyst, has led to three separate Nobel prizes. And they are well deserved. It’s estimated that crop yields more than doubled between 1908 and 2008, with synthetic nitrogen fertilizer responsible for up to half that growth. Some researchers have tied the massive growth in human population in the last seventy years to the increased use of nitrogen fertilizer. Without it, we’d have to farm almost four times as much land or have billions of fewer people in the world. But producing all that nitrogen has consequences. It’s estimated that making fertilizer via the Haber-Bosch process uses between 1 and 2 percent of the world’s energy, emitting lots of greenhouse gases. And synthetic nitrogen routinely washes off fields into waterways, leading to massive algae blooms that suck up all the oxygen, killing fish and other organisms. So much nitrogen goes into rivers and streams that large dead zones have developed at the mouths of the world’s rivers, including one in the Gulf of Mexico that last year was the size of New Jersey. Mark Sutton of the UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology calls nitrogen “the Godfather of pollution”—its effects are everywhere, but you never really see the culprit. But we can’t just quit nitrogen without seeing major reductions in agriculture. While better management and farming practices can help keep it out of waterways, those strategies aren’t enough to fix nitrogen’s ecological problems. That’s why researchers have for decades wondered if there was a way to help cereal crops like corn and wheat produce their own nitrogen. The idea is not as farfetched as it sounds. Lots of plants, in particular legumes like soybeans, peanuts and clover, have a symbiotic relationship with Rhizobium bacteria, which produce nitrogen for them. The plants grow root nodules where the bacteria take up residence and sip on plant sugars while converting nitrogen in the air into a form the plants can use. If a similar symbiotic relationship could be found that works in cereal crops like corn and wheat, researchers believe we could reduce our use of the pollutant. That’s why the mucus corn is so important, and why Bennett and his team spent eight years studying and re-studying the bacteria and gel to convince themselves that the corn was indeed able to produce its own nitrogen. Using DNA sequencing, they were able to show the microbes in the slime carried genes for fixing nitrogen and demonstrated the gel the corn excretes, which is high sugar and low oxygen, is perfectly designed to encourage nitrogen fixation. Using five different tests they showed that the nitrogen produced by the microbes then made its way into the corn, providing 30 to 80 percent of the plant’s needs. They then produced a synthetic version of the slime and seeded it with the microbes, finding that they produced nitrogen in that environment as well. They even grew Sierra Mixe in Davis, California, and Madison, Wisconsin, showing that it could perform its special trick outside its home turf in Mexico. “This mechanism is totally different from what legumes use,” Bennett says, adding it may exist in other crops as well. “It’s certainly conceivable that similar types of systems exist in many cereals. Sorghum, for example, has aerial roots and mucilage. Maybe others have more subtle mechanisms that occur underground that could exist more widely. Now that we’re aware, we can look for them.” Co-author Jean Michel-Ane from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, agrees that this discovery opens up all types of new possibilities. “Engineering corn to fix nitrogen and form root nodules like legumes has been a dream and struggle of scientists for decades. It turns out that this corn developed a totally different way to solve this nitrogen fixation problem. The scientific community probably underestimated nitrogen fixation in other crops because of its obsession with root nodules,” he says in a statement. “This corn showed us that nature can find solutions to some problems far beyond what scientists could ever imagine.” It turns out that nature has even more nitrogen-producing tricks up her sleeve that researchers are just getting a handle on. There are several other ongoing projects aimed at getting cereal and vegetable crops to do the Haber-Bosching for us. One of the most promising is the use of endophytes, or microorganisms like bacteria and fungi that live in the intercellular spaces of plants. University of Washington researcher Sharon Doty got interested in the organisms a couple decades ago. She was studying willow and poplar trees, which are among the first trees to grow on disturbed land after events like a volcanic eruption, floods or rockfall. These trees were growing out of river gravel, with hardly any access to nitrogen in the soil. Inside their stems, however, Doty found endophytes that fixed the nitrogen for the trees, no root nodules necessary. Since then, she’s teased out dozens of various endophyte strains, many of which help plants in surprising ways. Some produce nitrogen or phosphorus, another important nutrient, while others improve root growth and some allow plants to survive in drought or high-salt conditions. “There [are] a whole slew of different microbes that can fix nitrogen and a broad range of plant species impacted by them,” she says. Her tests have shown that the microbes can double the productivity of pepper and tomato plants, improve growth in rice, and impart drought tolerance to trees like Douglas firs. Some even allow trees and plants to suck up and break down industrial contaminants and are now being used to clean up Superfund sites. “The advantage of using endophytes is that it’s a really large group. We’ve found strains that work with rice, maize, tomatoes, peppers and other agriculturally important crop plants.” In fact, endophytes might make it into farmers’ hands sooner rather than later. The Los Altos, California-based IntrinsyxBio is commercializing some of Doty’s endophytes. Chief Science Officer John L. Freeman says in an interview the company is on track to have a product ready for market in 2019. The goal is to deliver several strains of endophytes into plants, most likely by coating the seeds. After those bacteria take up residence inside the plant, they should pump out about 25 percent of the nitrogen it needs. Another biotech company, called Pivot Bio, recently announced it is beta testing a similar solution, using nitrogen-fixing microbes that grow in the root systems of corn. The newly emerging field of synthetic biology is also taking a crack at the nitrogen problem. Boston-based Joyn Bio, formed last September, is a co-project between Bayer and Ginkgo Bioworks, a biotech company with experience creating custom yeasts and bacteria for the food and flavoring industry, among other “designer microbe” projects. Joyn is currently combing through Bayer’s library of over 100,000 microbes to find a host that can successfully colonize plants, similar to Doty’s endophytes. Then they hope to tweak that “host chassis” with genes that will allow it to fix nitrogen. “Rather than rely on nature and find a magic microbe, which we don’t think exists, we want to find our host microbe and fine tune it to do what we need it to do for corn or wheat,” says Joyn CEO Michael Miille. The Gates Foundation is also in on the game, supporting projects attempting to impart the nitrogen-fixing abilities of legumes into cereals. Still other teams are hoping that the advent of supercharged quantum computing will open up new realms of chemistry and identify new catalysts that will make the Haber-Bosch process much more efficient. While it’s unlikely that one solution alone will be able to replace 100 percent of the synthetic fertilizer humans use, perhaps together these projects could make a serious dent in nitrogen pollution. Bennett hopes that Sierra Mixe and what his team has learned from it will be part of the nitrogen revolution, though he admits it’s a very long leap before his slimy corn fingers start producing nitrogen in conventional crops. He now wants to identify the genes that produce the aerial roots and pin down which of the thousands of microbes discovered in the mucilage are actually fixing the nitrogen. “I think what we’re doing could be complementary to those [endoyphte and synthetic biology] approaches,” he says. “I think we’ll see many divergent strategies, and in 5 to 10 years something will emerge that impacts how corn gets nitrogen." Jason Daley is a Madison, Wisconsin-based writer specializing in natural history, science, travel, and the environment. His work has appeared in Discover, Popular Science, Outside, Men’s Journal, and other magazines. https://getpocket.com/explore/item/the-corn-of-the-future-is-hundreds-of-years-old-and-makes-its-own-mucus?utm_source=pocket-newtab
  5. உண்மை என்னவென்றால் இந்த கிழமை நடந்த போராட்டங்கள் தான் காரணி. கோவிட் போலி ஊரடங்குகள் சின்ன வியாபாரங்களை நசுக்கும் சட்டங்கள். மக்களுக்கு சலிப்பு ஏற்பட்டு தெருவிற்கு வந்துவிட்டார்கள். காவல்துறையுடன் மோதல் வேறு. அது தான் அக்கா தோசையை திருப்பி போடுறா! Coronavirus: Germany's Merkel reverses plans for Easter lockdown 2 hours ago EPA Chancellor Angela Merkel said she took "ultimate responsibility" for the U-turn German Chancellor Angela Merkel has cancelled plans for a strict lockdown over Easter, just a day after the measures were announced. Calling the plan a "mistake", Mrs Merkel said she took "ultimate responsibility" for the U-turn. The proposed lockdown was agreed with regional leaders in talks overnight on Monday, with restrictions set to be tightened between 1-5 April. But the plan was reversed following a crisis meeting on Wednesday. It had been widely criticised by business leaders and scientists. The lockdown would have been Germany's strictest yet, with most shops closed and gatherings limited. For five days over Easter from 1 April, Germans would have been asked to stay at home and reduce social contact. In-person religious services would have been cancelled, large family gatherings banned and almost all shops would have been closed. The head of Mrs Merkel's Christian Democratic Union (CDU) party, Armin Laschet, told a regional parliament meeting on Wednesday that the lockdown was "not enforceable in this form". "This mistake is mine alone," Mrs Merkel told reporters in Berlin. "The whole process has caused additional uncertainty, for which I ask all citizens to forgive me." "There were good reasons for it but it could not be implemented well enough in this short time," she added. How are European countries tackling the pandemic? Covid - the countries that nailed it An increasingly chaotic response This was an extraordinary statement. Chancellor Merkel said she alone bore responsibility for the plan to extend what is usually a three-day Easter holiday to a five-day shutdown. The German leader will be conscious that - as case numbers soar exponentially - public trust in her government's pandemic response is wavering. She was seen as a safe pair of hands who brought the country through the first wave of infections. But - as regional leaders bicker over lockdown measures - Germany's response is becoming increasingly chaotic. Mrs Merkel appears to be struggling to keep the country together. What's the situation in Germany? "Essentially, we have a new virus," Chancellor Merkel said when announcing the now-cancelled Easter lockdown. The highly contagious UK (Kent) variant of coronavirus had become dominant, she explained, plunging the country into "a new pandemic". "It is much deadlier, much more infectious and infectious for much longer," she claimed, adding Germany was in a race against time to vaccinate against Covid-19. The infection rate has risen above 100 per 100,000 inhabitants in Germany. That number is critical in determining emergency decisions such as tightening lockdowns. Under the current rules, areas exceeding that infection rate over a seven-day period will not be subject to further reopenings. Why is the EU having vaccine problems? But despite the numbers, the announcement of the five-day lockdown, and the subsequent ban on Easter church services, triggered dismay from religious leaders. They argued that their existing social-distancing measures made church attendance safe. The Catholic German Bishops' Conference made clear that, following Wednesday's U-turn, its services would go ahead as planned with hygiene measures in place and video streams available to those who did not want to attend in person. Retail leaders also welcomed the reversal. "With today's decision, a bit of reason is returning to coronavirus policy," the HDE association of retailers said in a statement. The country's partial lockdown, meanwhile, has been extended until at least 18 April. WATCH: Pfizer v Oxford v Moderna – three Covid-19 vaccines compared Coronavirus infections have been surging in some parts of Europe in recent weeks as countries scramble to vaccinate their populations despite delays in rolling out jabs. The European Commission has proposed tougher controls on Covid vaccine exports. It has accused the UK-Swedish firm AstraZeneca of failing to honour its contract to supply EU countries. The tougher export controls are most likely to affect countries that have higher vaccination rates than the EU, such as the UK and US. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-56513366
  6. China in $1.5 Billion Swap Deal as Sri Lanka Seeks to Shun IMF Anusha OndaatjieMarch 22, 2021, 7:02 AM PDT China signed a currency swap agreement with Sri Lanka as the South Asian nation looks to reduce reliance on the International Monetary Fund before $3.7 billion of foreign debt matures this year. The Central Bank of Sri Lanka is entitled to a 10 billion yuan ($1.5 billion) swap facility from the People’s Bank of China, Sri Lanka’s monetary authority said in a statement Monday. The agreement is valid for three years. Faced with low foreign-exchange reserves and looming debt repayments, Sri Lanka is getting closer to China, it’s biggest import partner. More than 22% of the island nation’s foreign purchases were from China last year. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-03-22/china-in-1-5-billion-swap-deal-as-sri-lanka-seeks-to-shun-imf
  7. What does UN human rights resolution mean for Sri Lanka? Alasdair Pal Published: 30 minutes ago By Alasdair Pal (Reuters) - U.N. human rights boss Michelle Bachelet received a mandate on Tuesday to collect evidence of crimes during Sri Lanka’s long civil war, which ended in 2009 with the defeat of the separatist Tamil Tigers and an upsurge of civilian deaths. [L8N2LL3PG] Rights groups said the decision was a critical step in gaining justice for victims of war crimes, and could have significant implications for the current Sri Lankan government. Here are answers to some common questions: WHAT DOES THE RESOLUTION ALLOW? The resolution allows the United Nations "to collect, consolidate, analyse and preserve information and evidence, and to develop possible strategies for future accountability processes for gross violations of human rights or serious violations of international humanitarian law in Sri Lanka, to advocate for victims and survivors, and to support relevant judicial and other proceedings." It also provided a budget of $2.8 million to hire investigators to work on the collection of evidence. WHAT COULD IT MEAN FOR SRI LANKA? The resolution is a "huge blow" to the Sri Lankan government, including President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, who served as the country's wartime defence chief, said Yasmin Sooka, a rights lawyer involved in prosecutions against several Sri Lankan wartime figures including Rajapaksa. Bachelet's office is likely to take several months to set up a team, and evidence-gathering will be a long process, Sooka said. "I don't expect the Sri Lankan government to cooperate," said Rajiv Bhatia, a distinguished fellow at Indian foreign policy think-tank Gateway House. The length of time that has elapsed since the end of the war will also complicate evidence-gathering, he added. WHAT DOES SRI LANKA SAY? Sri Lanka has strongly rejected the resolution. Foreign Minister Dinesh Gunewardena said the resolution lacked authority as the nations that had voted in favour were outnumbered by those that had voted against it or had abstained. "The resolution was brought by countries supported by Western powers that want to dominate the Global South," he said. Sri Lanka’s U.N. envoy, C.A. Chandraprema, called the text "unhelpful and divisive", as it was not passed unopposed and strongly objected to by its allies, including China and Russia. WHO VOTED FOR IT? The 47-member Human Rights Council passed the resolution, with 22 countries voting in favour, 11 against and 14 abstaining. In favour: Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Bahamas, Brazil, Bulgaria, Côte d'Ivoire, Czech Republic, Denmark, Fiji, France, Germany, Italy, Malawi, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Netherlands, Poland, South Korea, Ukraine, United Kingdom and Uruguay. Against: Bangladesh, Bolivia, China, Cuba, Eritrea, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Somalia, Uzbekistan and Venezuela. India, Indonesia, Japan and Nepal were among the abstainees. The abstentions, including from neighbours India and Nepal and some friendly Islamic countries, were a blow to Colombo and could upset relations. "They are putting a brave face... (but) there was a very big effort from Colombo to get India to support them," Bhatia said, adding it could test already an already fraught relationship between the countries. (Reporting by Alasdair Pal; Editing by Simon Cameron-Moore) https://www.thetelegram.com/news/world/what-does-un-human-rights-resolution-mean-for-sri-lanka-567562/
  8. China's biggest car brand launches rival to Tesla 12 minutes ago Getty Images The Lotus Evija is a limited production electric sports car. China's biggest carmaker Geely is launching a premium electric car brand it hopes will take on Tesla. The Chinese company, which owns Volvo and Lotus, announced its Zeekr brand on Tuesday to tap into China's demand for electric vehicles (EVs). It comes as Elon Musk goes on the charm offensive in China praising its plans to tackle carbon emissions. The Tesla founder has seeking to allay Chinese concerns about his cars' onboard cameras. Musk denies Teslas are used for spying in China The Chinese £3,200 budget electric car chasing Tesla Chinese regulators throw spanner in Tesla's works Geely said it would develop and manufacture high-end EVs under the Zeekr brand and expected to begin deliveries in the third quarter of 2021. It already has exposure to premium electric cars through the brands it owns. Polestar, owned by Volvo Cars, develops electric performance cars. It is headquartered in Sweden with vehicle production taking place in China. Lotus, which is majority-owned by Geely, is working on an electric-powered supercar called Evija. Zeekr, its own home-grown EV brand, will face fierce competition from Tesla whose Model 3 was the top-selling electric vehicle model in China last year. It will also compete with Chinese groups Nio, Xpeng and Li Auto which are seeing healthy sales. Last week, Dongfeng Motor, the Chinese partner of Japan's Nissan and PSA Peugeot Citroen of France, said its new EV brand Voyah could start delivering cars to Chinese customers in July. Beijing wants more than a fifth of vehicles sold in China to be electric by 2025. Getty Images Polestar is an electric car brand owned by Volvo Cars and its parent company Geely. Geely has ambitions to become China's first global automaker with a reach similar to Volkswagen. Along with its Volvo and Lotus brands, it owns a minority stake in Mercedes-Benz owner Daimler. The initial strategy for Zeekr will be focused on the Chinese market but it will also explore overseas opportunities given rising global demand for premium electric vehicles. On Tuesday Geely reported its annual results which saw it sell 1.32 million cars in 2020, compared with 1.36 million in the previous year. Tesla charm offensive In a short interview with Chinese state television broadcast on Tuesday, Tesla's boss Elon Musk said he was impressed by the carbon emission goals set out in the country's latest five-year economic plan. Beijing has restricted the use of Teslas among military staff and key government employees over worries about how the carmaker handles data in China. Mr Musk told Chinese politicians and businessmen over the weekend via video link that Tesla would never provide the US government with data collected by its vehicles in China or other countries. The military had raised security concerns about the data collected by cameras installed in the cars. China accounted for about a fifth of Tesla's global revenue of $31.5bn (£23bn) in 2020, according to public filings. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-56493572
  9. Sri Lanka invites Myanmar’s ‘incumbent FM’, denies endorsing coup Sri Lanka’s foreign ministry says Myanmar’s ‘incumbent foreign minister’, a military officer, invited for BIMSTEC meeting later this month. A group of rights activists protest against the military coup in Myanmar, in front of the Myanmar embassy in Colombo [Chamila Karunarathne/EPA] Sri Lanka has invited a representative of Myanmar’s military to a meeting of Asian foreign ministers but denies its gesture endorses last month’s coup, condemned globally over the army’s violent suppression of protests. “ProtestSriLanka” began trending among coup opponents on Twitter in Myanmar on Wednesday after it emerged – through a letter leaked online – that Colombo had invited military foreign minister Wunna Maung Lwin to the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) meeting scheduled at the end of March. Myanmar’s army seized power in a coup on February 1, detaining civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi and most of her cabinet. Nationwide mass protests have been met with deadly force, with at least 60 people killed, according to the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, an advocacy group. Jayanath Colombage, Sri Lanka’s foreign secretary, told Reuters news agency by phone Myanmar’s “incumbent foreign minister” had been invited because the country was a member nation of BIMSTEC and had not been removed or suspended. “That doesn’t mean we have accepted the Myanmar military government,” he said. “We have not taken a position on that.” A spokesman for Myanmar’s military did not answer phone calls from Reuters seeking comment. The military has brushed off condemnation of its actions, as it has in past periods of army rule when outbreaks of protest were forcibly repressed. BIMSTEC is a grouping of nations – Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand – that are dependent on the Bay of Bengal. Myanmar protesters have called on nations across the world to reject the military leadership and deal with a civilian committee set up by overthrown politicians – the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (CRPH). “Every nation in the world needs to clearly understand that the coup in Myanmar is not complete, it’s still an attempted coup,” Myanmar-based activist Thinzar Shunlei Yi told Reuters. “So I ask Sri Lankan activists to give pressure to the Sri Lankan government not to invite the military junta because they are not the legitimate government of Myanmar,” she said. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/3/11/sri-lanka-invites-myanmars-incumbent-fm-denies-endorsing-coup
  10. எமக்கு ஆதராவாக வாக்களிக்காத நாடுகளுக்கு எமது அரசியல் அமைப்புகள் லொபி செய்யவேண்டும். அவர்களை எதிரியாக பாக்காமல் வெளிநாடுகளில் உள்ள அவர்களது தூதரங்களுக்கு அறிவூட்டும் நிகழ்வுகள் வைத்து வெல்லவேண்டும். Top UN rights body approves greater scrutiny of Sri Lanka by The Associated Press Posted Mar 23, 2021 1:08 pm ADT GENEVA — The Human Rights Council on Tuesday adopted a resolution calling on the office of the U.N. rights chief to step up its monitoring of the situation in Sri Lanka. In a 22-11 vote with 14 abstentions, the vote at the U.N.’s top human rights body also called on the government in Colombo to ensure “prompt, thorough and impartial investigation and, if warranted, prosecution” of alleged crimes linked to rights violations or “serious” violations of international law. Western countries led the way in sponsoring and voting in favour of the measure, while other countries such as China, Russia, Eritrea and the Philippines opposed it. India was among those that abstained. The move aims to strengthen the ability of the office of the U.N. high commissioner for human rights, Michelle Bachelet, to “collect, consolidate, analyze and preserve evidence” on rights violations in Sri Lanka that could be made available for future prosecutions. Sri Lanka’s foreign minister, Dinesh Gunawardena, accused Western countries of “wanting to dominate the global south” — and noted that the vote fell short of a majority in the 47-member Geneva body. “Twenty-five votes were not on their side of the resolution,” he told reporters. “This is the important message that the countries in Geneva have given amidst great pressure by the European countries.” Alluding to the rights council’s rules, Gunawardena said measures in the resolution cannot be implemented without the consent of Sri Lankan authorities. But Human Rights Watch hailed a “landmark resolution” that it said would boost scrutiny of rights violations, improve international justice and advance accountability for victims and their families. “The world has sent a message to Sri Lanka’s rulers, that they cannot escape accountability for international crimes, and they should step back now from escalating ongoing abuses,” said John Fisher, the advocacy group’s Geneva director. The voting came on the next-to-last day of a four-week council session, the first of three held every year. The Associated Press https://www.news957.com/2021/03/23/top-un-rights-body-approves-greater-scrutiny-of-sri-lanka/
  11. UNHRC adopts resolution against Sri Lanka's human rights record; India abstains from voting TIMESOFINDIA.COM | Updated: Mar 23, 2021, 17:47 IST NEW DELHI: India has abstained from voting in the United Nations Human Rights Council on a resolution on alleged human rights violations by Sri Lanka during the final days of the Tamil Eelam war. Japan ans 12 other countries also did not vote. The resolution titled ‘Promotion of Reconciliation Accountability and Human Rights in Sri Lanka' was adopted by the UNHRC after 22 members out of 47 voted in favour of it. Eleven members, including China, voted against the resolution. The resolution had accused Lanka of war crimes with threats to take those responsible to the International Courts and impose targeted sanctions against officials allegedly responsible for human rights violations. A UN report had called for drastic measures against those allegedly responsible for rights violations during last phase of the armed conflict with the LTTE (2009). Sri Lanka described the draft resolution as "unwarranted, unjustified and in violations of the relevant articles of the United Nations' Charter." Shortly before the vote, the Indian mission in Geneva released a carefully worded statement, expressing support for Lankan Tamils, while stressing on unity and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka. "India supports the call by the international community for the Government of Sri Lanka to fulfill its commitments on the devolution of political authority, including through the early holding of elections for Provincial Councils and to ensure that all Provincial Councils are able to operate effectively, in accordance with the 13th amendment to the Sri Lankan Constitution," the statement read. At the same time, it said, India believes that the work of Office of the Human Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) should be in conformity with mandate given by the relevant resolutions of the UN General Assembly. The government of Gotabaya Rajapaksa had officially withdrawn from co-sponsoring the previous resolution undertaken by the previous government. It had called for an international investigation into alleged war crimes committed by both the government troops and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) during the final phase of the near-three-decade-long civil war that ended in May 2009. Rajapaksa had called PM Modi just days before the voting, seeking India's support on the matter. https://m.timesofindia.com/india/un-india-abstains-from-voting-on-resolution-alleging-human-rights-violations-by-sri-lanka-during-tamil-eelam-war/articleshow/81651583.cms
  12. நம்புறோம் சாமி! Coronavirus: Russia's Putin gets vaccine but without cameras 40 minutes ago By Sarah Rainsford BBC News, Moscow EPA Mr Putin, in Siberia at the weekend, is no stranger to photo-opportunities but wanted to avoid the cameras for his jab Vladimir Putin has been vaccinated against Covid-19, partly to encourage other Russians who remain deeply reluctant to get the jab. Although he has previously been filmed on horseback, ice skating and flying with Siberian cranes, he chose to be vaccinated behind closed doors. The Kremlin has not specified which vaccine Mr Putin received. The aim was to underline "all three Russian vaccines are absolutely reliable, very good and effective," spokesman Dmitry Peskov said. Speaking to the BBC, he brushed off the suggestion that showing President Putin getting a shot in the arm would help persuade the sceptical majority of Russians to follow suit. As for believing the president actually had the jab, he said people would just have to "take our word for it". There's likely to be a limited increase in the slow pace of vaccination as a result. Grand plans, low interest The president's own daughter took part in the Sputnik V safety trials, but he's seemed oddly cautious given how highly he recommends the jab for others. Mr Putin, who is 68 years old, initially claimed he was waiting until it had been deemed safe for the over-65s. Later he said he'd wait for autumn when his doctors could fit the Covid shot in his "vaccine schedule". Mr Putin also told a gathering of Russian news editors that he wouldn't be a "performing monkey" and get vaccinated before the TV cameras, surprising many with his sudden camera-shyness. Mr Putin revealed on Monday that 6.3 million Russians had so far received one dose of a Covid vaccine since he became the world's first leader to announce a "large-scale" vaccination back in December. That's only around 5% of the adult population. Reuters Mr Putin, 68, was back at the Kremlin ahead of his jab on Tuesday His target is to protect 60% of adults by July - sufficient for "collective immunity" to stop the virus spreading. But that would require boosting the current vaccination-rate from just a few thousand to more than 700,000 every day - and that's just a single dose of the vaccine. Despite Russia touting its most widely available jab, Sputnik V, as the world's first and best, interest at home is low and falling. Why many in Russia are reluctant to have Sputnik vaccine A Levada-Center poll suggests the number of Russian opposed to getting it rose to 62% in February, with most citing concerns over possible side effects despite the fact Sputnik proved safe and almost 92% effective in trials. Many also see no urgent need for protection. There's been no lockdown here since spring 2020, the number of new infections is currently falling and the death toll from Covid is barely mentioned. The daily count has reached 95,818, though the number of excess deaths recorded so far is some four times higher. Read more from Sarah here: How Russia glosses over its Covid death toll Global ambition Meanwhile, enthusiasm for Russia's main vaccine has been increasing abroad. On Tuesday, Vietnam became the 56th country to register Sputnik and Russia says it has done deals to supply 700 million doses of the vaccine overseas. But it's unclear when that demand can be met. Russia plans to transfer the technology for production abroad but Sputnik's backer, the Russian Direct Investment Fund, will not answer questions about any current supply from overseas facilities or its targets. In a call with scientists and producers on Monday, President Putin was full of praise for their achievements with three Russian vaccines now registered for emergency use, including EpiVacCorona and CoviVac. A batch of a new version of Sputnik V that doesn't need freezing has just been distributed and trials on the one-jab Sputnik Light have concluded. But scaling up production has proved complicated. Total vaccine output will increase to 12.5 million "units" of two doses in March, according to the industry ministry, with an extra five million units added in April. These pensioners in Perm signed up for a Covid vaccination, but supplies have been limited Still, there have been reports of shortages in some Russian regions. One clinic the BBC visited this month in Perm admitted it had run out of the first dose of Sputnik and didn't expect more for several days. Putin back to business Now he's been vaccinated, it's possible Russians could be seeing more of Mr Putin in the flesh. He has spent much of the pandemic working from his official residence outside Moscow. Those meeting him in person have had to quarantine first. The Kremlin says he is getting vaccinated now in order to have the "necessary level of immunity" to get back to travelling and working, ahead of parliament elections in autumn. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-56498847
  13. இவர் இந்திக்கு சிந்தி வழியுறார்! சோவனிசமாம்! அழகிரி பாராளுமன்றில் தமிழில் பேசியபோது கிந்தியவாதிகள் குழப்பியது தெரியாதாக்கும். அண்ணா இந்திக்கு எதிர்ப்பு தெரிவித்து ஆங்கிலத்தை கொண்டுவந்தபடியால் தான் இப்போது தமிழ்நாடு வாகன உற்பத்தி, தொழில்நுட்ப துறையில் இந்தி பேசும் மாநிலங்களை தாண்டி நிற்கிறது. இவர்கள் இந்து ராம் கூட்டம் எம்மை 60களில் இந்தி எதிர்ப்பு செய்ததை பாமர கூட்டம் என்று ஏளனம் செய்தவர்கள். இவர்களின் எண்ணம் தமிழை அழிப்பது! Craving for Kamaraj Governance in Tamil Nadu (India) – A Mirage Sri Lanka Guardian by N.S.Venkataraman Those living in Tamil Nadu in the age group of 65 plus , who have seen the type of quality governance that Kamaraj provided as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, now constantly regret that Tamil Nadu governance has steeply fallen in the last six decades from the lofty level to which Kamaraj raised it. During the last sixty years or so, Tamil Nadu has been under the governance of DMK and AIADMK alternately, with gradual and steady decline in the conduct and commitment of the ruling party and Chief Miniser in particular. There have been many negative and disturbing developments with increase in corruption amongst the politicians and government machinery at all levels , the rapid spread of liquor habit amongst the people, particularly the youth threatening the safety of women and children and upsetting the economy of the poor families and caste ridden factions emerging all over the state .Tamil chauvinism was taken to near absurd level with anti Hindi phobia and deliberate and systematic spread of atheism becoming the central theme for a few political parties. Former Chief Minister M.G.Ramachandran and Jayalalitha tried to stem the spread of atheism to some extent but other negative aspects continued to “flourish”. The most shocking act is not permitting the Navodaya Schools to operate in Tamil Nadu because these schools teach Hindi language to the students. With the large section of people feeling extremely dissatisfied about the behavior of politicians , with many criminals and corrupt people entering politics and becoming leader of one political party or the other, the credibility of the politicians in the view of the people is now extremely low. Political parties have realized that they cannot get the votes in the elections, unless they would offer freebies and bribe the people in the lower income group. Now, with the ongoing election campaign, the offer of freebies by various political parties have reached absurd and alarming level, with one party offering washing machines , writing off education loan, some parties offering lumpsum amount of Rs. 1000 and more per month for housewives etc. All this is happening even as the financial conditions of Tamil Nadu government are now at precarious level and has now exceeded the critical stage, with the present debt of the government being more than Rs. 8 lakh crore, and Tamil Nadu having to pay several crore of rupees every year as interest and with no possibility of repaying the loan. Many discerning observers wonder where the Tamil Nadu governance would go from here and whether the chaotic governance would even become more worse in the coming days. It is generally said that election gives an opportunity to the citizens to change the poorly performing party to what they perceive to be the better one. Unfortunately, the people are left with no choice , as it appears to be a case of jumping from frying pan to fire. Unfortunately, in Tamil Nadu, the national parties, who are supposed to have all India outlook, have lost their relevance and vote share . Many local parties based on caste and region have emerged , with no particular policy programmes but with the sole objective of getting the “gang leader” to become political leader and win elections. In the process, totally unprincipled alignments are taking place between the political parties with each one bargaining for more seats in a particular front and jumping from one front to another, to increase their seat share in the election. In the process, the political parties are not concerned at all as to what the people think about their unprincipled strategies. People are really confused, as the accusation between political parties is now similar to the pot calling the kettle black. Acharya Kripalani, a patriot par excellence, was reported to have said , a few years after India became independent and after seeing the process of democracy shaping in India, that there is unlikely to be a political party of lofty standards to the desirable level in future. In such conditions, when people still have to exercise their franchise in the elections, the only option for the people would be to vote for the least corrupt and least chauvinistic party. This is how the people of Tamil Nadu are now looking at the forthcoming state election. In the last sixty years or so, Tamil Nadu has been under the leadership of politicians who hailed from cinema world, with little formal education . The only exception is now the present AIADMK government under the Chief MInistership of Edappadi Palaswami who has no cinema background. While the Jayalalitha government, in which Edappadi Palaniswamy served as minister for several years, was steeped in corruption and was vitually under the control of friend Sasikala who was jailed on corruption charge and her group, the fact is that now Edappadi Palaniswamy has successfully got his party AIADMK from association with Sasikala and her group. To this extent, AIADMK has been cleansed to a little extent ! However, though there have been some improvement towards the focus for development activities, several negative aspects such as widespread corruption and hate politics continue unabated. In the forthcoming state election, people have unenviable choice to make. In all probability, whichever party that would win the election would do so by getting large share of negative votes rather than positive votes. The lofty standards to which Kamaraj raised the governance in Tamil Nadu has now gone for a toss. It appears that Tamil Nadu would not see the governance standards of Kamaraj in the foreseeable future. http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2021/03/craving-for-kamaraj-governance-in-tamil.html?m=1
  14. இவரது தலைவரை பற்றிய புத்தகம் அருமை. அதை தமிழ்நெட் சிறி அண்ணாவின் மகனுக்கு பரிசாக கொடுத்தேன். இப்படியான புத்தகங்களை எமது மக்களுக்கு சென்றடையும் வகையாக செய்யவேண்டும். புத்தகசாலைகள் மட்டுமின்றி கடக்கிகளில் முன்னுக்கு கல்லா பக்கத்தில் வைத்து விற்கவேண்டும். Sri Lanka: Book Review on Tamil Refugees Sri Lanka Guardian by Kandaswami Subramanian Book Review -Akatiyin Tuyaram, V. Suryanarayan, Translated into Tamil by Bernard Chandra, Kalachuvadu Publications Pvt Ltd., Nagercoil 629001, pp.133, Rs.160. This slender book on the troubled situation in our neighbouring country Sri Lanka is a treasure trove of scholarly information on the history, politics, and social dynamics of the country. Prof. Suryanarayan is one of the scholars of standing who has devoted a lifetime of research on Sri Lanka. In some ways, this book may be taken as the high point of his work on Sri Lanka. Though separated from India by the Palk Straits by a few kilometres, the differences between the socio-political changes of the two countries pose a challenge to researchers. In Anna Karenina, Leo Tolstoy remarked, “All happy families are alike, every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.” In keeping with this profound observation, we may add that there is no single matrix that can capture fully the refugee situation in all countries. It is clear from Suryanarayan’s study that Sri Lanka’s case in several respects is Sui generis. There was a time, before the Second World War when the refugee phenomenon appeared to be a passing regional phase that could be tided over through government assistance or help from private charitable agencies. No longer. Refugees are all over the world. It is assessed that in the recent past decade, the global refugee population has more than doubled. UNHCR reported that, as of the end of 2019, there were 79.5 million “forcibly displaced” persons. Of this, 26 million persons are refugees who come from just five countries, viz. Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan, and Myanmar. It is indeed disturbing to know that half of the refugees are children. Even more distressing is the fact that 85% of refugees are hosted in developing countries. The burden of refugees is more on developing countries even though the rich, developed countries are making more noise about immigration and enforce draconian laws to prevent it. These data and the accelerating socio-economic tensions, both within and across the countries, have triggered academic interest and resulted in a vast body of writings by scholars. In recent times, the refugee problem of Sri Lanka is the oldest and dates back to the early eighties. It continues to lacerate the Sri Lankan society and spills across the Palk Straits to India! Naturally, India should have paid attention to the outbreak of ethnic and religious conflicts in the country with which it has had close religious and cultural ties for centuries. For social researchers, Sri Lanka has posed a puzzle. Here was a country that had attained high scores in the Human Development Index ((HDI) and high levels of education, welfare, etc. It was acclaimed as a model by Nobel Laureates like Amartya Sen. How was it that in such a prosperous society the ethnic/religious tore apart and could not resolve their differences? Why do they continue to depart? Many researchers and social analysts have studied at length the problems faced by Sri Lanka. For those in Tamil Nadu, there was a debate on the Indian military involvement fraught with a high level of emotion. Add to this the other surcharged issue of the rise and fall of the LTTE. In the early years, the Tigers were romanticized by some sections in Tamil Nadu as “freedom fighters” for a separate state of EELAM. It was in later years, especially after the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi that the true nature of the LTTE came to be realized. Indeed, the Tamil regional politics queered the pitch in Sri Lanka. Prof. Suryanarayan is one of the many scholars who have done deep and sustained work on Indo-Sri Lankan relations. Throughout his life, he has maintained a steadfast, scholarly approach of detached and objective analysis. He was not swayed by passing emotions or fall prey to the media hype. He was unique in having friendly, personal relations with the leaders on both sides of the Straits. He had undertaken fieldwork in the Tamil-dominated parts of northern Sri Lanka. He has visited camps in Tamil Nadu where refugees are accommodated and ascertained their tribulations and hopes. The results of his fieldwork are evident in the relevant chapters, especially 4 and 5. He could even inspire trust and win over the confidence of LTTE cadres who shared information with him. Prof. Suryanarayan’s writings on the refugee problem date back to 1996. Page 133 lists them out chronologically. Also, he has written articles from time to time in news media on specific issues that cropped up. If one can venture to summarize Professor’s contribution to the unravelling of the Sri Lankan malaise, one may put forward the following hypothesis: In the early stages when the conflict erupted, he was hopeful of reconciliation and further that they could be resolved within Sri Lanka’s Constitutional framework and, if necessary with amendments like the 13th. Unfortunately, this hope was belied. It was due to the growing Sinhala adamancy marked by an uncompromising wave of majoritarianism. More troublesome was the rise of the LTTE and its ability to spread itself across the Straits and into other countries like the U.K., Canada, Germany, etc. The backlash of the LTTE was the growing militarism of the Sinhala which ultimately resulted in the Sinhala army rule and the decimation of the LTTE. The strident majoritarianism of the Sinhala persists even seven years after the subjugation of the LTTE. It raises doubts about the return to democracy and normalcy. During this phase, Prof. Suryanarayan has been championing the cause of protecting the safety and rights of “stateless” refugees in Sri Lanka and also of those who had returned to India under the Shastri-Srimao Pact. He fights for the grant of human rights and citizenship to all of them. Prof. Suryanarayana is deeply concerned about the trauma, displacement, and “forced migration” faced by them. He buttresses his arguments with the personal accounts of refugees he had met or drawn on literary sources such as stories, poems, etc. written by refugees. A good part of the book draws on them and tapestries them into a human drama. For instance, his account drawn from Jayapalan (p.60) is beyond comparison. As Jayapalan asks or cries, “Are our families cotton pillows to be torn and scattered by monkey fate?” Professor has drawn heavily on the reports of UNHCR on the “trafficking” of refugees and how the tightening of immigration laws in developed countries has spawned a market for false documents. The net result is that a refugee lives in constant fear of being caught by the police and being extradited with “nowhere to go.” Suryanarayan fears that “there is no light at the end of the tunnel. Difficult days are ahead both for Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora.” In the chapter on “Island in distress,” there is a quintessential summary of the fractious politics at play. Even after nine years since the war with the LTTE ended, the Sri Lankan leaders are engaged in competitive one-upmanship. Ethnic reconciliation remains a distant dream. There are strong grounds for despondency. Sri Lankan refugees have scattered across the world, as vividly described by Jayapalan, and they will have to live in fear with no hope of a return to their home country. As we began this review, this slender book is a treasure trove of scholarly material on Sri Lanka and the refugee situation there. It deals with the historical circumstances that led to the refugee problems. It captures graphically the status and trauma or dilemma refugees face. After reading, this reviewer kept aside the book with a heavy heart. T.S. Eliot said, “Human mind cannot bear very much reality” This can well be said of the refugees from Sri Lanka. The reviewer has a duty to coment on the Tamizh translation of the book by Prof. Bernard Chandra.It is a commendable effort as he has taken meticulous care to stick to the original. English text.. There is Kanyakumari flavour to the Tamizh used! One last, if sticking, point: The title of the original is “Refugee Dilemma.” This is translated as “Akatiyin Tuyaram.” It would have been more appropriate if it is translated as “Akatiyin Aadhangal.” Tuyaram in Tamizh connotes only ‘suffering” or “sadness” while ‘aadhangam” encompasses, suffering, anguish, hopes and expectations. Every refugee, despite years of suffering and trauma, hopes to return to the home country some day. (The writer is a Retired Joint Secretary in the Department of Economic Affaoirs, GOI and can be reached at subrabhama@gmail.com) http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2021/03/sri-lanka-book-review-on-tamil-refugees.html?m=1
  15. Congo-Brazzaville: Guy-Brice Parfait Kolélas dies from Covid on poll day 5 hours ago Getty Images Guy Brice Parfait Kolélas was one of six opposition candidates The leading opposition presidential candidate in Congo-Brazzaville, who was seriously ill with Covid-19, has died hours after polls closed. Guy-Brice Parfait Kolélas died on a plane taking him to France for treatment, his campaign director said. Hours earlier the 61-year-old had appeared in a video shared on social media, where he removed his oxygen mask and told his supporters that he was "fighting death". He urged them to vote in Sunday's poll. The electoral law doesn't annul the election if one of the candidates dies. Mr Kolélas, who was diabetic, was one of six candidates running against President Denis Sassou Nguesso, 77, who has been in power since 1979, except for a five-year period after losing elections in 1992. Congo-Brazzavile has officially recorded more than 9,000 cases of Covid-19 and 130 deaths. The country has imposed a night-time curfew in the two main cities of Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire and closed its borders due to the pandemic. However, campaign rallies were allowed, with not much sign of people respecting social distancing or wearing masks. Africa Live: Updates on this and other stories from the continent Who is getting the vaccine in Africa? A quick guide to Congo-Brazzaville Congo's sapeurs pass their style on Mr Kolélas had missed his final campaign event on Friday after saying a day earlier that he feared he had malaria, the Associated Press news agency reports. He was admitted to a private hospital in the capital, Brazzaville, and it was later confirmed that he had Covid-19. Speaking in French from his hospital bed, Mr Kolélas said: "My dear compatriots, I am in trouble. I am fighting death. However, I ask you to stand up and vote for change. I would not have fought for nothing." "Rise up as one person... I'm fighting on my deathbed, you too fight for your change," he urged his supporters, saying the election was "about the future of your children." The head of the government's Covid-19 response team, Elira Dokekias, said that Mr Kolélas' condition had been serious on Saturday, the Associated Press reports. After casting his ballot in the capital, Mr Sassou Nguesso had wished the former fisheries minister and son of former Prime Minister Benard Kolélas, a swift recovery. Getty Images The president's supporters were out on the streets as he cast his ballot A large crowd gathered on Sunday to catch a glimpse of the president, with many people not wearing masks and failing to adhere to social distancing rules. Mr Sasou Nguessou beat Mr Kolélas in the last election in 2016, obtaining 60% of the vote compared with his rival's 15%. The watchdog group NetBlocks reported that the internet had been shut down ahead of Sunday's voting. Getty Images President Sassou Nguesso wore a mask when he went to vote The largest opposition party, the Pan-African Union for Social Democracy (UPADS), is boycotting the election, saying it fears the poll could divide the nation. Congo-Brazzaville's Catholic Church episcopal conference has said it has "serious reservations" about the election's transparency. Congo robbed of a tireless campaigner Analysis by Emery Makumeno, BBC News Mr Kolélas could have had an easy life, he was a government minister enjoying the perks that comes with being a top official but he gave all that up to challenge President Sassou Nguesso. His death has robbed Congo's opposition of a tireless campaigner for democracy and has blighted the opposition's chances of a serious challenge for the presidency. What is certain is that there will not be any speculation about what Mr Kolélas thought about the state of the country in his last moments - he chose to record a personal message to Congolese urging them to continue fighting for democracy. He came second in the 2016 presidential election, but even in a poll which many see as a foregone conclusion, how Mr Kolélas performs, even in death, will still be closely watched. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-56474855
  16. John Magufuli: African leaders mourn former Tanzania president 53 minutes ago African heads of state have paid tribute to former Tanzanian President John Magufuli at a state funeral in the capital Dodoma. The continent was "saddened by the death of a revolutionary," said Democratic Republic of Congo's Felix Tshisekedi. Mr Magufuli died last week following heart complications at the age of 61. His successor President Samia Suluhu Hassan remembered him as a champion of the poor and a religious man. "He wasn't just our leader but also a guardian and parent to many... and an honest man," President Samia said. Nicknamed the bulldozer, Mr Magufuli was popular with many Tanzanians who approved of his no-nonsense governance style. Critics, however, accused him of being an autocrat and of clamping down on dissent. He also downplayed the effects of coronavirus and stopped the publication of the country's case numbers and deaths. Opposition politicians say that Mr Magufuli died from Covid-19, but this has not been confirmed. Africa Live: Updates on this and other stories from the continent Tanzania's late president in his own words The woman who is Tanzania's new president The cautionary tale of the president who denied coronavirus Tanzanian leaders attending the funeral and the majority of the thousands of people at the stadium in Dodoma did not wear face masks or observe social distancing - health measures that the late president often mocked. However, visiting leaders and other delegations did wear masks. Over the weekend tens of thousands of people in the country's largest city, Dar es Salaam, flooded roads to pay their respects. Mourners gathered in Dar es Salaam as President Magufuli's body was transported to lie in state On Sunday there was a stampede at a stadium where Mr Magufuli's coffin was on display - the number of casualties is not yet clear. He will be buried in his north-western hometown of Chato on Friday. What did the African leaders say? Mozambique President Filipe Nyusi said the former Tanzanian president "will stay in the hearts" of many. In his tribute, Malawi's President Lazarus Chakwera referred to Mr Magufuli as "Africa's finest son" whose "life of service" would be remembered. South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa described him as a "true pan-Africanist" who was unapologetic about being an African. Mr Ramaphosa remembered the former president for being a "warrior" against corruption, and who worked for his people. President Felix Tshisekedi said Africa was saddned by the death of a "revolutionary" He also said the Tanzanian president was a champion for African culture and traditions, especially the use of Swahili, East Africa's lingua franca, throughout the continent. "Swahili has been introduced in South African schools as a honour to the late President John Magufuli who insisted on its use," Mr Ramaphosa said. This was echoed by Botswana's President Mokgweetsi Masese, who said that Mr Magufuli was a "great teacher", like Tanzania's founding President Julius Nyerere. "Even in Botswana he expected us to speak Swahili… We too have introduced Swahili in our curricula." Zimbabwe's President Emmerson Mnangagwa was among leaders who attended the event In his tribute, Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta also addressed Mr Magufuli's successor, saying: "To you my sister and now my counterpart, the road has been shown to you by our brother President Magufuli." "The Democratic Republic of Congo and the African Union together are saddened by the death of the revolutionary Dr John Magufuli. We're praying for Tanzanians. The DR Congo is with you in this difficult period," said President Tshisekedi, who is the current chairman of the African Union. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-56485528 இவர் பெரிய போதை பொருள் நிறுவனங்களுக்கு எதிராக போராடியவர். அனுப்பிவிட்டார்கள்!
  17. நான் ஒரு பல்கலை கழகத்தின் முழு கட்டுமானத்தையும் முகில் மென்பொருளுக்கு மாற்றி கொடுத்தேன். அப்போது அறிந்தது இந்த டிகிரிகளுக்கு பின்னால் வங்கிகள் கடன் கொடுப்பது தான் திட்டம் என்று. இளையோர் இந்த முதலாளித்துவ பூச்சாண்டிகளை கண்டு தவிர்க்க தொடங்கிவிட்டார்கள். எம்மவர் இப்பவும் கொழுக்கி பிடியாக இந்த வாழ்க்கையை பின்பற்ற முயன்று இளையோர் தற்கொலை எகிறி போய் இருக்கு. இப்போதும் கனடாவில் சுயதொழில் செய்யும் ஆண்களுக்கு பெண் பார்ப்பது கடினம். எங்கேயாவது 40,000 டொலருக்கு வங்கியில் குப்பை கொட்டுபவருக்கு தான் பெண்! வாழ்க்கையை அனுபவித்து வாழ தெரியாமல் வாழ்கிறார்கள். மைல் கல்லும் மண்ணாங்கட்டியும்! The tyranny of life milestones Share using Email Share on Twitter Share on FacebookShare on Linkedin (Image credit: Alamy) By Sara Harrison22nd March 2021 There’s lots of pressure to live up to certain life achievements on a strict timeline. But those milestones are often arbitrary – and way more harmful than we realise. Article continues below ADVERTISEMENT N Nakul Singh is on track. At 30, he’s finishing up his residency in ophthalmology at Massachusetts Eye and Ear specialty hospital in Boston, looking forward to starting his fellowship year and thinking about marrying his girlfriend in the next couple of years. This is just how he had envisioned things would go. “My personal goal was to be married or engaged by the time I was finishing my residency,” he says. These goals didn’t match up to any intrinsic logic or biological necessity. “I don’t know why. It just seemed like the right sort of timeframe,” he says. When he looked around at what everyone else was doing, it seemed like they were getting married in their late 20s or early 30s, so he matched up his expectations and plans to follow suit. Plus, his grandparents kept teasing him to get married before they died. But Singh wasn’t always so sure that life would go according to plan. While his friends started to get serious with their significant others right after college, he was single, wondering when he was going to find his person. He stressed over getting into the right medical school, then winning a good residency. Life felt uncertain and, as he waited and waited to meet the right partner, he worried that he was falling behind. Every society has a few important life milestones, and those achievements are often tied to a specific timeline. For instance, Western societies prioritise moments like graduating from college at 22, getting married by 30, having kids and buying a house before 35. We mark success by ticking off the boxes, and worry that missing a deadline means we’re failing in our lives or careers. But where do those metrics come from? As it turns out, these all-important deadlines are often arbitrary, and the pressure to achieve them sometimes comes from amorphous, unidentifiable places. They also aren’t as set in stone as they may seem. From generation to generation, changes in technology and the economy, advances in science and even the political climate can turn what once seemed like a social necessity into an antiquated expectation. Understanding where these expectations come from, and how they differ from the reality we live in now, is important for making personal milestones that are meaningful, instead of clinging to outdated expectations. Story continues below The conditions in which younger generations achieve have changed dramatically – but the pressure to hit major life milestones like getting married hasn't moved (Credit: Alamy) The mystery of social norms From the moment humans pop out of the womb, we are ready to learn. We pick up the language around us and learn the rules of our society, what behaviour is allowed, what’s considered good or bad. “We’re absolutely built that way: to learn norms and to comply with them,” says Jeffrey Arnett, a senior research scholar at Clark University in Massachusetts who studies emerging adulthood. “For the most part we do what’s expected of us.” How these norms get set is a combination of social, economic and technological factors. “These things develop and we’re all aware of them and we all follow them, but nobody determines them,” says Arnett. “It’s this aggregation of millions of people thinking about things and making decisions and talking to each other. Nobody’s really in control of it.” Among these influences, parents and families play a huge role, especially around expectations for timing around marriage and kids. For instance, most baby boomers in Western societies generally married in their 20s, bought a house and had kids soon after. Subsequently, they transferred those expectations and that timeline to their millennial children. But millennials in the US and the UK aren’t hitting those milestones; instead, they’re getting on married an average of seven years later than their parents, and haven’t married at all. And the age women first give birth has consistently risen over the past 40 years, so most millennial women are having children later than their baby boomer parents – waiting until age 29 or older. Similarly, the homeownership rate for millennials is 8% lower than it was for the preceding two generations. That’s because parents aren’t the only factors that influence these milestones, and millennials were born into a very different world than the one their parents knew, and navigate it in a very different way. Millennials are, on average, better educated than previous generations – nearly 40% in the US have a bachelor’s degree compared to only a quarter of baby boomers. That means they’re entering the workforce later, so they start saving for homes later, too. “We certainly realise more and more the importance of education and training,” says Arnett. “That means you’re not likely to be self-sufficient at 19 or 20.” Debt from financing college, along with rising home costs, also means that fewer millennials can afford to buy homes. Most millennial women are having children later than their baby boomer parents – waiting until age 29 or older (Credit: Alamy) And although expectations that women get married and have kids haven’t changed, ideas about gender norms have shifted. “There was a lot of pressure on women to find a man and get married,” says Arnett. “If you didn't, what else were you going to do?” But now it’s much more common for women to pursue education and careers. Since the mid-1990s, more women have attended university than men. So, while in 1966, only 40% of women aged 22 to 37 were employed, in 2020, 72% of millennial women were participating in the workforce. That interest in education and career has changed when women have kids. A New York times analysis showed that women with college degrees have children an average of seven years later than women who don’t go to college, and that education level was a greater factor in delaying having kids than other factors like home prices. Advances in science and technology also have had a huge impact on these expectations. Take the example of birth control, which allowed women to start being sexually active years before they planned to marry or have children. “That gives people so much more decision-making power over whether to enter marriage or parenthood,” says Arnett. “That is truly revolutionary.” Right now, it’s considered fairly normal to start exploring sexuality perhaps a decade before marriage, something he notes was unprecedented before the latter half of the 20th Century. But while economic and educational realities have changed drastically, our social expectations haven’t kept pace. One survey by the US Census Bureau showed that the majority of Americans believe people should be economically independent by age 21. But the same survey also found that the majority of the country didn’t think most students would be done with college until age 22. This contradiction sets people up to fail milestones, even as they work desperately to achieve them. ‘The tyranny of the should’ Newer generations are feeling the stress. They still feel pressure to live up to their parents’ and grandparents’ norms, even if those expectations really aren’t relevant anymore. One survey showed that, on average, adults older than 25 still plan to get married, have kids and buy a home all before age 30, even though the number of people actually able to do so has decreased with every generation. That gap between what recent generations think they ought to be achieving and what is possible in today’s financial and educational climate is having a massive impact on their mental health. “In general, greater discrepancies between what people want and what they actually do reliably predict poorer health and wellbeing,” wrote the survey’s authors. The researchers also suggest that the increasing inability to reach major life milestones in the timeframe we set for ourselves may be one explanation for the rise in ‘deaths of despair’, drug overdoses and suicides caused by vanishing jobs and bleak economic outlook. Charlotte Housden, an occupational psychologist based in Kent, UK, calls this social pressure the “tyranny of the should”. She counsels people who are feeling stressed that they are falling behind to remember that they aren’t alone. Lots of people struggle with the misconception that they aren’t measuring up to society’s standards. She says people tend to make big, globalised exaggerations like, “everyone is getting married” or “everyone has more money than I do”. But that’s not true. “It’s a thinking error,” she says. “Some people have more money. Some people are getting married.” And she warns that achieving these goals – either by getting a high paying job or buying a nice home – won’t necessarily make you happy. "It’s about finding your fit,” she says. Housden recommends taking a moment to separate what it is that you really want and what it is that you feel your parents or family expect. “Understand where your drivers are coming from,” she says. “Is it you that wants to go to college or is it your parents? Is it something you really want?” Housden emphasises focusing on achievements that make you happy, rather than achievements that conform to parental or social expectations. But, she acknowledges, that’s easier said than done. Buying a house is a major milestone many strive to reach, but economic factors have made it significantly more difficult for younger generations to reach the goal (Credit: Alamy) Singh spent much of his mid-20s thinking he had fallen hopelessly behind his friends. But as he aged, he started to gain more confidence in his own path. “I hadn’t met anybody that I wanted to start my life with and that was OK,” he says. “I was putting in the work and becoming the person I wanted to become.” He was lucky to enjoy what he calls “Indian boy privilege”, which gave him a break from the family pressure to get married. Because many of his friends also pursued graduate and professional degrees, he didn’t feel self-conscious about being in school for so long and delaying certain milestones like buying a home or having kids. But he acknowledges that he wouldn’t feel so confident and laid back now if he hadn’t found his girlfriend and started getting life to conform to the milestones he’d set. “I think it would be a lot harder for me to feel satisfied,” he says. Singh’s path took longer than he expected, but there is evidence that these ideas about when we should settle down and have kids are starting to change. The US Census survey also showed that the vast majority of Americans believe that finishing school and getting a job are important markers of adulthood, more so than getting married or having kids. There’s less judgement about living with parents for a period of time after college, and more emphasis on education and financial security. So, while these expectations seemed fixed and finite, the truth is that they’re changing all the time – even if you may not think so. https://www.bbc.com/worklife/article/20210315-the-tyranny-of-life-milestones
  18. Scotland’s little-known fourth "language" “Slaverin, slubberin, gibberin, gabberin, roon wi a wallop, a sklyter, a sweel,” recited the poet. “Yonder’s the burn – in its bairnhood, it’s blabberin. Heich-lowpin puddock, wi virr in its heel…” Sheena Blackhall, a celebrated laureate from Garthdee, a suburb south of Aberdeen, was in her element performing the opening stanza of her poem. She was reading “Allt Darrarie”, her lyrical tribute to a stream in the East Grampians of Aberdeenshire, straining each syllable with a gruff rasp. “Now, did that make any sense to you?” she prompted, gently. “Ach, I widnae be surprised if it didn’t.” While English is the main language spoken in Scotland, the nation has a wide range of different accents and dialects (Credit: Dennis Barnes/Getty Images) Blackhall, the author of more than 1,400 poems, songs, stories and ballads – or “a creative screivin fellow”, as she puts it — is a native speaker of Doric, Scotland’s little-known fourth “language” after English, Gaelic and Scots. Colourful yet guttural, the rural north-east dialect is a subset of vernacular Scots, officially protected by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. But it is also the one most Scotland natives have problems deciphering. Its ragged tones, cadences and irregular verbs are often mocked as unsophisticated and socially awkward. This “mither tongue” (mother tongue) is spoken widely from Peterhead in Aberdeenshire to Nairn in the Highlands, where one in two people speak it, according to the University of Aberdeen. And yet it remains a paradox: it was once forbidden to be taught in schools and its currency is such that plenty of Scots do not even know Doric exists. In simple terms, Scotland is a country divided by common languages. Everyone speaks English, but the farther north you travel, the more Scots, Gaelic and Doric lilts fill the air. Scots is spoken by around a third of the population – with pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary differing from its English-language cousin – while indigenous Gaelic is a Celtic dialect of Irish descent and predominantly the tongue of the Outer Hebrides. Doric, however, is nudged to the north-east of the map, taking the building blocks of Scots, but rearranging them in its own inimitable manner. Doric, Scotland’s little-known fourth “language”, is spoken across north-east Scotland (Credit: Eduardo Fonseca Arraes/Getty Images) “Doric doesn’t have nearly the same prestige as English or Gaelic and it’s common for people to be embarrassed to speak it publicly,” Blackhall told me. “We’re often accused of linguistic hypocrisy by switching to English to be understood, but this is more linguistic courtesy. I’ve been laughed at too many times to count for speaking Doric and that’s something we’ve all experienced in Aberdeenshire. It is snobbery and it is enough to make me want to give someone a ‘cloot aroon the lug’ (clip around the earhole).” But it turns out the Doric-speaking community currently have plenty to shout about. For the dialect, maligned for so long, is undergoing a revival. The green shoots to empower Doric speakers are plentiful. There is a new online TV station. A new undergraduate university degree course. A North-East Scots language board. And an interactive cultural map to help visitors discover Doric’s living oral, cultural and social history. Creating art, music, literature and TV is about growing the Doric world and there is also a Doric Film Festival, as well as Doric-themed food and drink tours with Bothies and Bannocks, Doric hip hop (courtesy of Aberdeen rapper Jackill), and Aberdeen Art Gallery, a proud champion of Doric culture, which reopened in November 2019 after a four-year restoration project. Even so, for visitors with an untrained ear, it is feasible to walk up and down Union Street in Aberdeen, admiring its silvery-grey granite steeples and spires, or hunt down the perfect Cullen Skink (smoked haddock soup) in Moray, and wonder if the dialect even existed. At times, this is a language lost inside most homes in the north-east. Aberdeen's distinctive appearance comes from the local grey granite that many of the buildings are made from (Credit: Susanne Neumann/Getty Images) Doric speakers aren’t like normal Scots language speakers, so many claim. No, their attachment to their dialect runs deeper. Blackhall describes it as a “tongue to be spoken around home and hearth in local communities”. Chris Foy, CEO of Visit Aberdeenshire, says the local lexicon is “tricky to understand but woven with complexities, glorious variances and brimming with the most wonderful, colourful expressions”. Dr Thomas McKean, director of the University of Aberdeen’s Elphinstone Institute, a centre for the study of ethnology and folklore, says it is “a window into who people in the north-east are”. You may also be interested in: • One of the last wild places in Britain • A language people don't want to speak • Scotland's little-known Highlanders Indeed, McKean talks of being “captured by Doric ballads” while growing up half a world away in Boston, Massachusetts. Rarely do people talk about their love of the English language this way. “I grew up listening to Doric accents because of my parents' love of traditional folk music, which is especially strong here,” McKean told me. “That’s what first drew me to the north-east of Scotland – I wanted to see the places and little villages that I knew so well from the songs I loved.” If you want to shout about your culture, it’s helpful to have a plentiful supply of ballads, poems and folk stories. McKean’s favourites include The Jolly Beggar (“There wis a jolly beggar man, and he wis dressed in green, And he wis seekin’ lodgins in a hoose in Aiberdeen”) and The Bonnie Earl o’ Moray (“Ye heilands and ye lowlands, O whaur hae ye been? They hae slain the Earl o’ Murray, And laid him on the green”). But the academic believes there is a wealth of Doric material, even if its value as a language in public life has been devalued. That’s one reason, he told me, why the Elphinstone Institute has launched the first ever undergraduate academic course in Doric and is in the throes of developing further plans. Doric’s resurgence mirrors a heightened awareness around preserving indigenous languages. Over the past few years, increasing attempts to halt or reverse the decline of indigenous languages have been made, from First Nations societies in Canada to Saami communities in Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. As a result, oral culture is being increasingly safeguarded and becoming more accessible in ways never possible before. The Elphinstone Institute’s Elphinstone Map, for instance, is opening up a whole new world of Doric songs, supernatural tales and folk stories through its interactive multimedia map for visitors. The Doric dialect is firmly rooted in the agricultural communities it serves (Credit: Franckreporter/Getty Images) “Doric is a language that is both a response and interaction to the landscape and history of north-east Scotland,” said McKean. “The way we speak and words we use are such a vital way to connect with our emotions, and when learning another language these deeper thoughts aren’t as accessible to you. We don’t just lose words and sounds – we lose different world views. So Doric is a huge asset for the area, and it adds another dimension to people’s tourism experience.” Part of the North Germanic language family, Doric shares commonalities with Friesian and Norwegian, but also with Ancient Greece. The name “Doric” was originally applied in Ancient Greece to help distinguish the pure, rural lingo of Doric from the Athenian dialect, and it has sometimes been suggested that the name was adopted by Scots because of the predominantly urban-rural divide between the Lowlands and Highlands. Another theory is that it stuck because Edinburgh was once nicknamed “Athens of the North” in the early 19th Century due to its neo-classical architecture, and the name "Doric" for this rural dialect was a bit of a snub by Lowlands Scots. But gradually, Doric fell out of use as many places experienced Anglicisation and strong industrial growth, particularly during the oil boom of the 1970s. Indeed, attempts were made 30 years prior to suppress Doric in schools, with a public education report branding it as “not the language of ‘educated’ people anywhere”. Such linguistic history is documented at the village of Turriff’s Doric Neuk cultural museum, with its beginners' language classes and book collection, including Blackhall’s Doric version of The Gruffalo and Spikkin Doric, a dictionary of 600 selected words. North-East Scotland is a place of big skies, expansive coastlines and wide horizons (Credit: Oscar Wong/Getty Images) But while coronavirus restrictions continue to impact international travel, it is still possible to be transported into the language of Scotland’s north-east to glimpse Doric communities from afar. Doric TV is one such entry point, having accumulated more than 100 videos on its dedicated YouTube channel since launching last March. Its focus lies not in the tales of farmers and fisherfolk, who once worked the fields and coastline of Aberdeenshire, but rather in the vibrant, contemporary stories of today and tomorrow. “One of the driving forces is for our voices to be heard for centuries to come,” Doric filmmaker Jill McWilliam told me. “I want to capture our way of life, to pass on our cultural history as a digital archive to the next generation. It’s an oral, living, social history that helps connect people and places – and hopefully it lets others feel something of the privilege we have in living where we do.” To her great surprise, viewers have so far tuned in from Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada. Tune in yourself and you might hear phrases like “Fit like?” (How are you?) and “gie’s a bosie” (give me a hug). Or words such as fair forfochan (exhausted), loon (a boy), quine (a girl), contermaschious (argumentative) or vratch (a nuisance). A personal favourite is foggie bummer (bumble bee). Then, in keeping with the north-east’s damp climate, there are at least 20 words to describe rain (pick from dreich, drookit and smirr, also frequently used in Scots), sough (for the sound of the wind), plooter (for splash in mud), hummel dodies (for fingerless mittens) and curious terms like cappie (ice-cream cone), fooge (play truant) and hallyrackit (disorganised). Doric terms and stories are everywhere, if one looks hard enough. They can be found in the dramatic coastlines from Balmedie to Boddam. In the paths that meander in and out of Aberdeenshire’s spectacular cliffs. In the clay grounds, tended and nourished into the fertile farmlands found today. This sense of visceral connection with the land is vital in Scotland’s north-east. It is a memory of the people Doric speakers once were, but also a reminder of what they could become again. Aberdeenshire's Dunnottar Castle is a spectacular ruined fortress that was once home to one of Scotland's most powerful families (Credit: Silvia Otte/Getty Images) Lost in Translation is a BBC Travel series exploring encounters with languages and how they are reflected in a place, people and culture. Join more than three million BBC Travel fans by liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter and Instagram. If you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter called "The Essential List". A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Worklife and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday. http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20210321-scotlands-little-known-fourth-language?referer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.com%2F
  19. கோவிட் கோவிந்தா தொடர்வதன் காரணி! சீனா உள்ளூர் வளர்ச்சியில் காசை கொட்டி போன வருடம் பொருளாதாரம் கவிழாமல் காப்பாற்றிவிட்டது! Biden Continues the U.S. Conflict With China Through the Quad Sri Lanka Guardian by Vijay Prashad On March 12, the heads of government of four countries, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, and the United States President Joe Biden, met for a virtual meeting of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, better known as the Quad. Modi’s opening remarks illustrate the emptiness of the public agenda; he called the Quad “a force for global good” with no details beyond a list of areas of collaboration (“vaccines, climate change and emerging technologies”). There was no direct mention of China during the meeting. In the details relating to the launching of “an ambitious new joint partnership that is going to boost vaccine manufacturing,” a more disturbing agenda reveals itself: the vaccines are meant for Southeast Asia, which is a core area of U.S. contest against China, and the “emerging technologies” refers to the U.S. desire to substitute products from its own high-tech firms and supplant the attractiveness of the Chinese high-tech industry. The goal of the Quad is to deepen the military and economic pressure against China. The Quad was created in the aftermath of the tsunami of 2004 and then deepened by President Obama as central to his “pivot to Asia.” But it did not take off until the U.S. administration of Donald Trump began to rely upon this grouping to tighten pressure on China. It is for that reason that in late 2020, Trump gave the heads of government of Australia (Morrison), Japan (Shinzo Abe, the former prime minister of the country) and India (Modi) the highest U.S. military decoration, the Legion of Merit. These three partners are key players in the U.S. government’s pressure campaign against China. U.S. Primacy in the Region In early January 2021, the U.S. government declassified a 2018 document prepared for the Trump administration. This document is called “U.S. Strategic Framework for the Indo-Pacific.” The text clearly states that the U.S. objective in Asia is to “[m]aintain U.S. primacy in the region.” The idea of “primacy” has a long history in U.S. foreign policy, going back to the early days after World War II. The United States government, in a series of documents, stated that it would seek to be the leading power in the world, and it would shape the creation of global institutions to benefit the United States above all else. This is the meaning of the word “primacy.” The drafters of the 2018 policy from the U.S. National Security Council noted that the “threat” from China was not from its military. Rather, the United States worried about Chinese developments in “cutting-edge technologies, including artificial intelligence and bio-genetics.” The U.S. government’s objective, according to the document, was to “[m]aintain American industry’s innovation edge vis-à-vis China,” which does not mean only to enhance U.S. industry, but also to prevent China from getting access to technology and finance. The war in the Pacific promoted by the U.S. is not irrational. As this document further points out, “Loss of U.S. preeminence in the Indo-Pacific would weaken our ability to achieve U.S. interests globally.” President Joe Biden’s administration, which inherits this document, will not set it aside. All signs show that Biden will continue to push the general line that the U.S. must undermine Chinese scientific and technological development; this goal will be achieved not by the encouragement of U.S. industry but by military threats and by the attempted use of U.S. alliances to exclude Chinese firms from doing business in other countries. At the Quad discussions, the governments formed a Critical and Emerging Technology Working Group. The point of this group is for the four countries to collaborate on telecommunications and on tech standards. This working group is tasked with convening “dialogues on critical technology supply chains,” which is a direct reference to the attempt to shut out China from any technology or raw materials that would have dual civilian and military usage. It has also been set up to “[e]ncourage cooperation on telecommunications deployment, diversification of equipment suppliers, and future telecommunications.” The use of the word “diversification” is a direct reference to the U.S. attempt to cut out Chinese firms such as Huawei and ZTE from supplanting Western telecommunications companies, which have less sophisticated 5G tools that are also far too expensive. Be Prepared to Fight Behind all this rhetoric on vaccines, climate change, and technology lies an even uglier story. On March 9, Navy Admiral Philip Davidson, who heads the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, appeared before the Senate Armed Services Committee. His statement before the committee was based on a report on the Indo-Pacific Command’s Pacific Deterrence Initiative. That report asked the U.S. Congress to double its outlay to $4.68 billion for 2022 ($22.69 billion for 2023 to 2027). Admiral Davidson said that this money was essential because the U.S. “absolutely must be prepared to fight and win should competition turn to conflict.” He further said that the trade war could easily accelerate into war sooner than 2050. A week before Davidson made these remarks, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken gave a wide-ranging speech about the Biden administration’s priorities. He listed the names of several countries that present the U.S. with “serious challenges, including Russia, Iran, North Korea.” “But the challenge posed by China is different,” he said. “China is the only country with the economic, diplomatic, military, and technological power to seriously challenge the stable and open international system,” Blinken said, referring to the world order set up to the advantage of the North Atlantic countries. He was very explicit about who benefits from this system, saying that the system’s rules and values “make the world work the way we want it to, because it ultimately serves the interests and reflects the values of the American people.” China threatens this, so Blinken said, the U.S. must “engage China from a position of strength.” This is the real purpose of the Quad, not to advance solutions to the great challenges of our time (the pandemic, climate change, war, hunger), but to pressure China to cease its technological advance. If China does not surrender, the U.S.—with the Quad in tow—is prepared to go to war. This article was produced by Globetrotter. Vijay Prashad is an Indian historian, editor and journalist. He is a writing fellow and chief correspondent at Globetrotter. He is the chief editor of LeftWord Books and the director of Tricontinental: Institute for Social Research. He is a senior non-resident fellow at Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies, Renmin University of China. He has written more than 20 books, including The Darker Nations and The Poorer Nations. His latest book is Washington Bullets, with an introduction by Evo Morales Ayma. http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2021/03/biden-continues-us-conflict-with-china.html?m=1
  20. இதுக்கு தான் நாங்கள் 5ஜி சீதையை கனடாவில் பிடித்துவைத்து அந்த தொழில்நுட்பத்தை மடக்கினோம். மற்றும் புதிய எண்ணெய் லிதியம் ஏகுவடோரிலும் சீனா உகிர் பகுதியிலும் இருக்கு. அது தான் மத்தியகிழக்கில் 20 மில்லியன் முசுலிம்களை போட்டுத்தள்ளிக்கொண்டே உகிர் முஸ்லிம்களுக்கு முதலை கண்ணீர் வழிகிறோம்! Elon Musk denies Tesla cars are used for spying in China 16 hours ago EPA Tesla CEO Elon Musk questioned the wisdom of companies spying on foreign governments Elon Musk, the chief executive of the US electric carmaker Tesla, says his firm would be "shut down" if its vehicles were used for spying on China. His comments came in response to reports that China's military had banned Tesla cars from its facilities. The military had raised security concerns about the data collected by cameras installed in the cars. China is Tesla's largest market after the US, accounting for about a quarter of the firm's global sales in 2020. On Saturday, Mr Musk said if a business did engage in spying on a foreign government, "the negative effects for that company would be extremely bad". "There's a very strong incentive for us to be very confidential with any information," Mr Musk told an influential Chinese business forum via video link. "If Tesla used cars to spy in China or anywhere, we will get shut down." Reuters Tesla CEO Elon Musk played down Chinese and American concerns over commercial espionage There has long been unease about the presence of big American companies operating in China and vice versa. Relations between China and the US - the world's biggest two economies - are at their most strained for years. Earlier this week, officials from both countries traded angry words in the first high-level talks between the Chinese government and the administration of US President Joe Biden. Mr Musk urged greater mutual trust between China and the US, where Tesla is based in California. He sought to downplay concerns over companies sharing sensitive data with their home governments, referencing the case of the Chinese-owned video platform TikTok. Last year, former President Donald Trump threatened to ban TikTok in the US over concerns that users' data could be handed over to the Chinese government. "Even if there was spying, what would the other country learn and would it actually matter?," Mr Musk said. Elon Musk's car firm won approval for its Shanghai factory in 2018, becoming the first foreign automaker to operate a wholly owned plant in China. China is the world's largest car market and its government has been heavily promoting the adoption of electric vehicles. This demand helped Tesla make a profit of $721m (£519m) in 2020. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-56471681
  21. பெரிய போர் தொடங்குமுன் முக்கியமான தகவல் காவிகளை காப்பாற்றுகிறார்கள். சீனா, ரசியா, இரான், இந்தியா எல்லாம் தமது நாட்டுக்குள் இன்ட்ரா நெட் செய்து வைத்திருக்கிறார்கள். New Royal Navy ship to protect 'critical' undersea cables 1 hour ago PA Media A new Royal Navy surveillance ship is to be built to protect "critical" undersea cables. Defence Secretary Ben Wallace warned "the lights could go out" if national infrastructure was lost, and the cables were "incredibly important". He also told the BBC's Andrew Marr that Russia had "taken a deep interest" in the cables and the UK would be "deeply exposed" without further measures. It comes ahead of Monday's publication of the defence command paper. The document will give more detail for the armed forces on the conclusions of the integrated review of the UK's foreign and defence policies. But some parts were already announced this week, including the lifting of the cap on the number of nuclear warheads the UK holds in its stockpile. Fact-checking claims about the Army and nuclear weapons Defence funding boost 'extends British influence' From the archive: Where are the world's undersea cables? The government had previously committed to reducing the level to a maximum of 180 by the middle of the 2020s, but the move would allow the number to reach 260. Mr Wallace said it would ensure the country's nuclear deterrent was "credible", and would still be lower than other nations - pointing to France, which has 300. But Labour's shadow foreign secretary Lisa Nandy said the proposal had "baffled" opposition parties and they would not support it until the measure had been justified by the government. 'Risk of sabotage' Hundreds of thousands of miles of undersea cables circle the globe, providing internet and communications links between nations and continents. The Ministry of Defence said they are "vital to the global economy and communications between governments" and are at "risk of sabotage" due to "submarine warfare". The new Multi Role Ocean Surveillance ship will be fitted "with advanced sensors and will carry a number of remotely operated and autonomous undersea drones which will collect data". The vessel, staffed by 15 people and due to come into service in 2024, will carry out operations in both UK and international waters. The MoD added it will also "be able to support with other defence tasks, including exercises and operations in the Arctic which will become an increasingly contested area". Undersea cables carry more than 90% of the world's communications - including trillions of dollars worth of financial transactions every day. There's growing concern these underwater arteries could be vulnerable to attack. British and US military and intelligence officers have recently warned of Russian submarines "aggressively operating" near Atlantic undersea cables. The Ministry of Defence says there's a risk of sabotage - which presents an existential threat to the UK. As part of a wider defence review - the MoD will order a new Royal Navy surveillance ship to monitor this critical infrastructure. Mr Wallace told the BBC: "The lights could go out if we lose our critical national infrastructure across the board. Cables are one part of that critical national infrastructure and incredibly important. "Russia has certainly taken a deep interest in those cables, not only to the United Kingdom but obviously to the continent of Europe. "[The vessel's] job is going to be to protect not only critical national infrastructure, but other things. It will be able to do other surveillance functions around the sea and everything else and I think it is really important that we invest in t hat because otherwise we are deeply exposed." Defence reforms 'will help make UK match-fit' UK to lift cap on nuclear stockpile after review Prime Minister Boris Johnson has promised his plan for modernising the armed forces and foreign policy will help make the UK "match-fit". The Integrated Review, first announced in 2019, will set out the UK's defence and foreign affairs priorities for the next decade or so, during which cyber warfare in particular is expected to become a greater threat. Broader foreign policy from the review was announced this week, with Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab pledging to boost alliances in the Indo-Pacific region, describing it as "increasingly the geopolitical centre of the world". But more on how the Armed Forces could be overhauled will be announced on Monday, following a boost in funding late last year. The defence secretary was pushed by Andrew Marr on what the new command paper would mean for the size of the forces, but Mr Wallace said that was a decision for Parliament. He added: "What I can give you is the assurance that we have had a record settlement, so I am making decisions, not in an environment of falling tide like in previous cuts, but in an environment where I am going to make the decision to have the right Armed Forces to match our ambition and meet the threat." HAVE A LAZY LOCKDOWN SUNDAY WITH US: Check out the great selection of films on BBC iPlayer COVID CONFIDENTIAL: How did the government make key decisions during the pandemic? https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-56472655
  22. இது தமிழருக்கு உள்ள பெரிய பிரச்சினை. எப்போதும் 95% வேலை முசித்துவிட்டு அடுத்த வேலைக்கு தாவி விடுவார்கள். அந்த 5 விகிதம் 200% வேலையா மாறி இருக்கும். Why we procrastinate on the tiniest of tasks This proactive mentality can help you bypass unnecessary rumination. A study Pychyl conducted on university students showed that, once they actually began a task, they rated it as far less difficult and stressful than they had when they were procrastinating about it. “It’s about recognising that things are being coloured by your emotional state,” he explains. Pychyl says working to reduce your emotional response will help you better manage small tasks.“We put off a lot of little things and they become big in our minds because we experience the amygdala hijack,” he explains, referring to an immediate emotional response that’s out of measure with the actual thing that triggered it. “We have a negative reaction the moment we think of the task, and that has a tendency to feed on itself.” Another trick for tackling smaller tasks is to nest them within larger ones. “Try and find a place where the task fits into your normal routine,” Pychyl suggests, noting that he vacuums his house during the 15 minutes it takes his oatmeal to cook each morning. Not only will this help with avoiding any feelings of lost time over the task, but you’ll be using the external stimulus of the bigger task to mask any negative reactions you might have to the smaller one. Practicing self-compassion Sirois says we have memories of the emotional responses that triggered past procrastination. “If you’re remembering a negative emotion, one way to diffuse it and get in the reality-check mode is to start thinking about how you can reframe the task,” she says. You might, for example, look at the task as an opportunity to learn a new skill. “If you can short circuit this right at the beginning by reframing it – perhaps into something that might be fun or enjoyable – that is very critical,” she notes. Another trick when something is simply boring or dull is to “switch the lens you put on when you’re viewing the task” to help dial down negative feelings by changing your emotional perspective from the outset. “It sounds a bit silly,” she adds, “but it’s actually quite powerful.” Both Pychyl and Sirois says it’s important not to beat ourselves up too much, especially given the added stresses of the pandemic. After all, although all procrastination is delay, not all delay is procrastination. “Delay is part of life,” Pychyl notes. “I can put things off and it’s not some sort of moral failure; it’s part of my practical reasoning” to prioritise one thing over another. If you do find yourself procrastinating, both say that a little bit of self-compassion might be the key to getting back on track. Pychyl authored a study that showed people who self-forgave procrastinated less in the future on the same task that they forgave themselves on, while Sirois authored a study on how increasing self-compassion may be particularly beneficial for reducing the stress associated with delaying tasks. “Once we stop beating ourselves up,” says Sirois, “it can be easier to get back to a proper reality check.” https://www.bbc.com/worklife/article/20210310-why-we-procrastinate-on-the-tiniest-of-tasks
  23. இந்த சட்டம் தமிழீழத்தில் இருந்திருந்தால் 600 வருடமா மாறி மாறி அடிமையாக கண்டவனுக்கும் இருந்திருக்கமாட்டோம். சுவிஸில் எல்லோரும் துப்பாக்கி வைத்திருக்கிறார்கள் ஆனால் அவர்களுக்கு அதை பற்றி படிப்பிப்பார்கள். அது தான் ஆனான பட்ட கிட்லரே சுவிஸை தொடவில்லை.
  24. Britain gives hope to families of Sri Lanka's 'disappeared' The UK is pushing for action from the UN Human Rights council as Sri Lanka's president seeks to quash investigations into alleged war crimes By Joe Wallen 18 March 2021 • 8:42pm It was almost midnight when the bark of the street dogs caused Aarvi Radhakrishnan* to wake with a jolt, alerting her to the four men in military combats outside. Cradling guns over their shoulders, they entered Mrs Radhakrishnan’s home through an open window before inexplicably dragging away her terrified husband, Raghunandan*, in front of their three children and into the dark night. “They pushed me to the ground and threatened to shoot me. They dragged my husband through our town and I tried to follow them, shouting for our neighbours but they were too afraid to help,” said Mrs Radhakrishnan, 45. The long search for Raghunandan and 20,000 other Sri Lankans who remain missing after the country’s barbaric 26-year civil war has completely halted after the election of Gotabaya Rajapaksa, who is personally accused of an array of war crimes during the conflict, as President in 2019. Advertisement But, there may now be renewed hope for Mrs Radhakrishnan, after a United Kingdom-led council at the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights (OHCHR) proposed a new landmark resolution in February to investigate those responsible for atrocities. The abduction of her fisherman husband in June 2008 was the fifth disappearance in the town that year, as the largely Sinhalese Sri Lankan Army accused townspeople of selling goods to the Tamil Tiger (LTTE) insurgents. “Raghunandan never got involved in anything and therefore we had no reason to think he would be abducted, or else we would have sent him far away from our town,” bemoans Mrs Radhakrishnan. Families of the disappeared take to the streets Gotabaya Rajapaksa served as Defence Secretary during the last four years of the conflict - appointed by his brother Mahinda, who was then President - and is accused of overseeing some of the most horrific war crimes. The rampaging, victorious Sri Lankan Army allegedly murdered up to 40,000 Tamil civilians, as graphically documented in Channel 4's award-winning "Sri Lanka's Killing Fields", during the final few months of the conflict in 2009. Advertisement To the horror of Sri Lanka’s minorities, Gotabaya was elected as President himself in 2019, as the majority Sinhalese electorate prioritised security after the Easter Sunday suicide bombings that killed 269 people. Gotabaya wasted no time in withdrawing Sri Lanka from an OHCHR resolution, agreed by the previous regime in 2015, that promised to establish a domestic mechanism to prosecute those who carried out atrocities. He described the UN agreement as a “historic betrayal” and promised to protect the nation’s “war heroes” from prosecution, pardoning Sunil Ratnayake a sergeant convicted of the wartime killing of eight Tamil civilians, including children. At least 28 former military personnel were then appointed to key government posts and the Office of Missing Persons, set up in 2017 to log disappearances, has been staffed with Gotabaya’s allies. “Since the new government was elected, the few cases where police investigations had gone forward to identify and prosecute perpetrators are being stalled,” explains Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia Director at Human Rights Watch. Advertisement “One senior police officer who led these investigations had to flee the country, while another was arrested, allegedly in a politically motivated case.” Mahinda Rajapaksa Mrs Radhakrishnan had already searched fruitlessly for her husband for years, arranging meetings with local police officers, human rights activists, and even her local priest. But, now, she says any remaining channels of investigation are being exhausted. “During the previous government we could demonstrate, protest and speak to the authorities about our situation but now there would be a huge drama,” said Mrs Radhakrishnan. In particular, members of the Sri Lankan civil society which previously assisted families of the disappeared have suddenly found themselves under intense scrutiny from Gotabaya’s regime. In January, more than 40 NGOs reported to the UN that they were receiving harassment from intelligence officials, including regular visits to their homes, anonymous threats, and having their movements tracked. “Every minute I do this job, I think that there is no real assurance for my life. When I go out, I can’t assure my family whether I will return home, this is how much fear we have these days,” one Sri Lankan activist told the Daily Telegraph. Advertisement In 2011, Mrs Radhakrishnan and 200 women formed an activist group to search for their missing relatives but this has ceased to operate following Gotabaya's election after members were put under surveillance and their spokesperson threatened with arrest. Police officers patrol the area around Dawatagaha Jumma Masjid in Colombo A human rights lawyer assisting family members of the disappeared said not one abduction case had been resolved since Gotabaya’s election, with judges replaced with regime allies. “Lawyers now face a host of issues including securing the safety and security of their clients, enduring and mitigating surveillance and harassment from the state and fellow colleagues who accuse us of working for NGOs, and lastly, it is very hard to access the information we need for cases," said the human rights lawyer. Infuriated by Gotabaya’s brazen attempts to protect soldiers under his command during the civil war, the OHCHR is expected to pass a landmark resolution on March 22 to begin the collection of evidence related to atrocities committed in Sri Lanka. Advertisement "The victims from all communities of Sri Lanka's brutal civil war are a decade later still awaiting justice for loved ones murdered or missing, and dealing with the repercussions of violence and conflict," said Lord Ahmad, the Minister of State for South Asia and the Commonwealth. A march for the disappeared "That is why the UK is seeking a new resolution at the UN Human Rights Council to call on Sri Lanka to hold perpetrators of human rights violations to account, improve human rights and deliver justice for the war’s victims." If the Sri Lankan Government still then refuses to investigate war crimes itself, the UN could establish an international, unilateral mechanism to assist in bringing the perpetrators to justice, as in the aftermath of the Syrian conflict. “Before this announcement, various politicians had promised to find my husband but it had been unbearably difficult, I had lost hope,” said Mrs Radhakrishnan, through tears. "I need to know whether he is alive or not, I just need an answer, I have been through unbearable difficulties." Advertisement *Some names have been changed to protect the identity of interviewees Telegraph Breaking News alerts Be informed about the latest news stories as soon as they break https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2021/03/18/britain-gives-hope-families-sri-lankas-disappeared/
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