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    • மேலும் அம்பந்தொடை  பேரத்தின் விபரங்கள், சிங்களம் எப்படி சிறிது சிறிதாக கசியவிட்டது என்பதற்கு .  MoU ஐ தேடுகிறேன், கிடைத்தால் இணைத்து விடுகிறேன். http://docplayer.net/149924092-China-in-south-asia-south-asia-in-china-obor-and-the-sri-lankan-experience.html Sunday, July 30, 2017 http://www.sundaytimes.lk/170730/news/hambantota-port-deal-signed-minority-stake-for-slpa-in-both-new-companies-252696.html Hambantota port deal signed; minority stake for SLPA in both new companies The Concession Agreement for the controversial Rs. 193 billion Hambantota Port, the legally binding document for what is being promoted as a public-private partnership, was signed yesterday. The event at the Ports and Shipping Ministry was telecast live over the UNP-controlled state run Independent Television Network (ITN). Ministry Secretary L.P. Jayampathy and Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA) Chairman Parakrama Dissanayake signed on behalf of the Government while Vice Chairman Bai Jingtao signed for China Merchants Port Holdings Company Ltd. The highlight of the Agreement is the setting up of two separate companies – HIPG (Hambantota International Port Group (Pvt.) Ltd.),  which will oversee commercial operations and HIPS (Hambantota International Port Services (Pvt.) Ltd) to oversee Common User Facilities (CUF), including security operations. In the port operator company HIPG, CMPort (the Chinese company) will have a majority stake (85%) and the SLPA will have a minority stake (15%). The CUF Company – HIPS, the SLPA will have 42% and the HIPG 58% of the stake. Thus, the SLPA is a minority shareholder in both these companies. After last Tuesday’s Cabinet meeting where Minister Samarasinghe’s memorandum was approved, a news release was issued on Wednesday. Both the Minister’s memorandum and the news release create the understanding that the SLPA has the majority stakes in HIPS. It states the SLPA will have 50.7 percent of the shares and CMPort 49.3 percent. Corporate Analysts, however, pointed out, that the SLPA’s 50.7 per cent is made up of 8.7 percent stake in HIPS shares is not direct, but is represented through HIPG in a convoluted share-structure. The Agreement, which is a legally binding document, states that “initial equity share capital to be comprised of 42% to be held by the SLPA and 58% to be held by the HIPG operator.” The document signed yesterday does not mention SLPA’s 8.7 percent stake to be held separately in HIPS. Instead, it says the HIPG would hold 58% stake in HIPS. Analysts point out to the widely regarded commercial practice, in a corporate set up, that a majority shareholder decides the policies as well as controls the day-to-day decision making. The CMPort has a controlling stake in the HIPG, so all decisions of HIPG would be the decisions of the CMPort. The minority shareholding becomes irrelevant since they can be voted out. Among the ministers who attended yesterday’s ceremony were Malik Samarawickrema, Sarath Amunugama, Mangala Samaraweera and Mahinda Samarasinghe. China’s envoy Yi Xianliang was also present. Minister Samarasinghe claimed that further changes in the Agreement could be made even after yesterday’s signing. He said the document would now go before the Cabinet for endorsement and would be tabled in Parliament thereafter. Earlier, President Maithripala Sirisena had said that the Concession Agreement would be signed only after Parliament debated the deal. According to the news release issued by the Ministry of Ports and Shipping, the Hambantota Port which began commercial operations in November 2011 has an accumulated loss of Rs. 46.7 billion and that in from January this year it has handled only 10 ships if the car carriers which were forced to unload at the port instead of the Colombo Port are taken off. The land area that will be gazetted to be leased out to companies wanting to invest around the Hambantota Port will be 1,115 hectares (and not 1,574 hectares), adds the release. The release also states, “The sole responsibility and authority in relation to National Security is with the Government of Sri Lanka).   25 July 2017   http://www.sundaytimes.lk/article/1028344/hambantota-port-agreement-to-be-tabled-in-parliament-tomorrow "The Minister said the agreement was an improvement on the earlier agreement where the Chinese side would have got an 80 per cent stake in the port.   Under the new agreement, the SLPA's state would rise to 30 per cent while CMHC will hold 70 per cent. The agreement would see the setting up of two Sri Lankan companies to carry out operations of the port. They are the Hambantota International Port Services Co. (Pvt) Ltd (HIPS) and Hambantota International Port Group (Pvt) Ltd (HIPG). The SLPA will hold a share of 50.7% and CMHC 49.3% in HIPS while the share allocation of HIPG would be 85% to CMHC and 15% to SLPA. Accordingly all immovable and movable properties will be transferred to these companies.  The agreed investment value of the deal is USD 1.12 billion.  Under the new agreement, the sole responsibility and authority in terms of national security will be with the Sri Lankan Government,"   
    • யாரும் எனக்கு எப்போதும் யாரும் ஹீரோ இல்லை அண்ணர். மனிதர்களை மனிதர்களாக பார்க்கும் பாக்கியம் பெற்றவன் நான். செயற்கரியதை செய்யும் மனிதனை புகழும், அவர்களின் தனித்துவ குணவியல்புகளை சிலாகிக்கிக்கும் அதே நொடியில் அவர்களின் சறுக்கல்களை இனம்காணவும், விமர்சிக்கவும் முடிவது அதனால்தான். இந்த தெளிவு இல்லாத படியால்தான் உங்களுக்கு சீரோக்களை இனம்காணுவதில் பிரச்சினை வருகிறது.
    • Crisis of Aboriginal women in prison in Australia Aboriginal women are the largest cohort of prisoners in Australia, despite making up only 2 percent of the population. Ali MC2 Dec 2019 Vickie Roach says imprisonment disproportionately targets Aboriginal women, who are already disadvantaged in society [Sylvia Liber/Al Jazeera] Melbourne, Australia - Vickie Roach was 12 the first time she was imprisoned. Forty-eight years ago, in the early 1970s, she was arrested after running away from abusive foster homes and institutions. "The morning after you arrive, you have to go see the doctor. They would examine you to see if you were pregnant or had STDs. And if you weren't cooperative they would hold you down and do it," said Roach, now 60. For a young girl who had been sexually abused, this procedure was "traumatic". But her contact with the criminal justice system in Australia began even earlier - when she was two.  Then, she was removed from her mother as part of the Stolen Generations, an era when Aboriginal children were taken from their families in order to be raised by white people in foster homes and institutions. Under the law at the time, any child removed from their family first had to be charged with an offence. As such, many Aboriginal children like Roach had criminal records almost from birth. "Any contact with the criminal justice system pretty much ensures continued contact with them," she said. She has survived heroin addiction, domestic violence, sexual abuse and repeated stints in jail. Aboriginal women in Australia represent the largest cohort of prisoners in the country, comprising approximately 34 percent of the total number of female prisoners, despite making up only 2 percent of Australia's total population.  They also represent the fastest-growing prison population.  Since a Royal Commission aiming to reduce the number of imprisoned Aboriginal people was conducted in 1991, the population of Aboriginal women in prison has risen by 148 percent. About 80 percent of these women are mothers, most are on remand, and few have committed any serious crime. Instead, as Roach explained, drug addiction, homelessness, domestic violence, child removal and abuse are often the untreated social conditions that lead to incarceration. For many of these women, contact with the criminal justice system began at an early age, after being removed from their Aboriginal families and placed into the child welfare system.  "Being involved with the child welfare department, minor issues in a normal family would have been dealt with at home [by] mum and dad," Roach said. "But I'd often be fed into the child welfare system - they'd be the ones to discipline me." This would result in further criminal charges and a stint in juvenile detention. Yet the causes of her experience had begun the previous generation. Roach's mother had also been removed from her Aboriginal family and raised in an institution. "Mum didn't really know how to be a family because she had never been parented." After being taken from her mother, Roach would not see her again until she was 13, by which stage, "the connection was broken". At one point, Roach even lived in the same institution as her mother had the generation before. "Mum came to visit me [once] and it was the home that she was in. And I didn't know it was the home she was in. It was pretty shocking for her."  As a young adult, Roach spiralled into heroin use and prostitution and would become a victim of domestic violence. In prison, her problems grew. Naomi Murphy has also experienced the negative cycle of the criminal justice system. She accrued a minor criminal record as a young woman, including the charge of theft of a motor vehicle which she says was stolen by her then-boyfriend; Naomi simply happened to be riding in it. Yet despite getting herself on the right side of the law later in life, her criminal record would come back to haunt her, impacting her ability to get a job. "There's still things that sit on my record from 1992 - theft of a motor car and evading a train ticket," she told Al Jazeera. She now works for a community legal project called Woor-Dungin, which advocates to have criminal records of 10 years or more expunged so that Aboriginal people can move on with their lives. The project addresses one of the biggest barriers - employment. "Aboriginal women are the main carers of the children - if we can't get jobs how are we supposed to feed the kids?" Antoinette Braybrook, head of Djirra, a Melbourne-based organisation that works with Aboriginal women who have experienced family violence, said: "Most Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women inside are in for non-violent offences related to homelessness and poverty. "Laws around unpaid fines, public drunkenness, or unfair bail laws in Victoria, are known to disproportionately impact Aboriginal women. We advocate for the immediate abolition of those unfair laws." She said prisons are not safe spaces for Aboriginal women.  Ironically, however, a new wing recently built in Melbourne's maximum-security women's prison, has been named Winja Gunya, an indigenous phrase for "safe camp for women". Antoinette said: "The only safe space for our women is to be in their home, with their family and in their community, free from violence. It's by addressing underlying issues like family violence, poverty and homelessness that we are going to keep our women safe. Governments need to invest in specialist culturally safe services like Djirra, not expand prisons." 'Custody is one of the least safe places we can be' Aboriginal women are already severely disadvantaged in society. They are 32 timesmore likely than non-indigenous women to be hospitalised due to domestic violence, and one in four women seeking help for homelessness are Aboriginal.  Even today, Aboriginal children are 10 times more likely than non-Aboriginal children to be removed from their families and placed into child welfare, often due to mothers being in prison.  "They [government decision-makers] think the health care's good. They think the food is good. They think we are going to have a bed. That these things get us away from an abusive partner, and get us away from drugs. If we're homeless, that when we get arrested we are going to have a bed for the night," said Roach. "For Aboriginal women, being in custody is one of the least safe places we can be." Since her last stint in prison, which ended in 2008, Roach has gained a master’s degree and is now an advocate for Aboriginal women. Women, she said, should be supported instead of being thrown in jail. Yet, despite the recent custodial deaths of two Aboriginal women - Ms Dhu, who was imprisoned for unpaid fines, and Tanya Day,arrested while drunk on a train - activists do not expect the system to change. Governments across the country heavily investing in the prison system. A recent report demonstrated that the cost of imprisoning Indigenous people in Australia was eight billion Australian dollars ($5.5bn) a year, with this cost set to hit 20 billion Australian dollars ($13.8bn) a year by 2040, should the current rates of incarceration continue to increase. "We need to stop criminalising people and locking them up in places that dehumanises them," said Roach. "We are all demeaned and belittled by the way we treat people in prison."   https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/crisis-aboriginal-women-prison-australia-191105183142685.html
    • Sri Lankan official fined over throat-slitting gestures in London Brig Priyanka Fernando convicted of public order offences in private prosecution Diane TaylorFri 6 Dec 2019 16.00 GMT A senior member of the Sri Lankan military has been convicted of public order offences in London and fined thousands of pounds after a court ruled he was not protected by diplomatic immunity. Brig Priyanka Fernando was filmed making throat-slitting gestures towards Tamil protesters outside the Sri Lankan high commission in London on 4 February 2018. The demonstrators were highlighting concerns about human rights violations against Sri Lanka’s Tamil minority. Footage of the incident went viral. The Sri Lankan government condemned Fernando for behaving in an “offensive manner” and suspended him from his job, and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) protested over his actions. Fernando left the UK shortly afterwards. Westminster magistrates court heard on Friday that he was understood to still be employed by the Sri Lankan state. Three Tamils who have refugee status in the UK brought a private prosecution against Fernando. Majuran Sathananthan, Palliya Perera and Gokulakrishnan Narayanasamy, who were all involved in the protest, argued Fernando’s behaviour caused them harassment, alarm and distress. The court found Fernando guilty and ordered him to pay more than £4,000 in fines, costs and compensation. The chief magistrate, Emma Arbuthnot, said: “My view is that his actions were really rather disreputable. I gather he was recalled to Sri Lanka, one hopes in disgrace to some extent. His body language appeared to be arrogant and intimidating. He must have known it would be alarming at the very least.” The case could be of note to the family of Harry Dunn, who was killed in a collision involving a US official’s wife, who claimed diplomatic immunity and fled the UK. The FCO was involved in the case and provided information to the court about Fernando’s diplomatic status in the UK at the time of the incident. Paul Heron of the Public Interest Law Centre, who represented the three Tamils, said: “The case has significant implications for the issue of diplomatic immunity. It may be worth the family of Harry Dunn investigating whether they could bring a private prosecution against Anne Sacoolas and prosecute her in her absence.” During Sri Lanka’s civil war, Fernando was a senior officer in the army’s 59 division. The UN has accused the unit of involvement in war crimes in the final stages of the conflict. At least 40,000 Tamils are estimated to have died in the war. The Sri Lankan high commission has been approached for comment. Since you’re here... … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. Unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay. The Guardian will engage with the most critical issues of our time – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart. Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power. We hope you will consider supporting us today. We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism that’s open and independent. Every reader contribution, however big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as £1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you.   https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/dec/06/sri-lankan-official-fined-over-throat-slitting-gestures-in-london
    • எவரையும் காயப்படுத்தவேண்டும் என்ற நோக்கில் கருத்துக்களை நான் எழுத முனைவதில்லை. ஆனால் மனதில் தோன்றுவதை யாழ் களத்தின் விதிகளை மீறாமல் சொல்லவே முனைகின்றேன். இருந்தும் தவறாக விளங்கியவர்களும் உண்டு.  நான் தமிழ் இனப்பற்றும், மொழிப்பற்றும் நிறையவே உள்ளவன். அதைப் போல பிற இன, மத, மொழி அடையாளங்களை பெருமையாக கொண்டவர்களை ஏற்றுக்கொள்ளவும் தெரியும். என் இனம்தான் பெரிது என்று மார்தட்டி பிற இனத்தவரை, மொழிபேசுபவர்களை இகழ்ந்தும் தூற்றியும் தமிழ் இனப்பற்றை வளர்க்கமுடியாது. வெறும் துவேஷத்தையும், பிளவுகளையும்தான் வளர்க்கலாம். இதனை இன்றைய சமூகவலை உலகத்தில் இளையவர்கள் புரிந்துகொண்டிருப்பதால்தான் சீமான் போன்றவர்களுக்கான ஆதரவுத் தளம் சில்லறையாகவே உள்ளது. அது பெருகும் என்று மனப்பால் குடிப்பவர்களுக்கு இன்னும் பத்து வருடங்களுக்குப் பிறகும் இதே கருத்தை திருப்பிச் சொல்லும் நிலைதான் இருக்கும். அதுவரை.. டொட்.