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    • மாத்ரு தேவோ பவ பித்ரு தேவோ பவ ஆச்சார்ய தேவோ பவ  அதிதி தேவோ பவ என்கிறது தைத்திரிய உபநிசதம். இன்றைக்கும் ஹிந்தியில் தாயை மா என்றும் தந்தையை பிடா என்றுமே அழைக்கிறனர். குமாரவும் வட சொல்லே.
    • New South Wales Health says they have confirmed three case of the deadly coronavirus, bringing the national number to four.  Key points: A Chinese man in his 50s is being isolated in a Melbourne hospital with a confirmed case of novel coronavirus Another three cases have been confirmed in NSW The virus has so far killed at least 41 people in China and sickened more than a thousand more All three NSW cases are being treated in hospitals across Sydney.  They are men aged in their 30s, 40s and 50s and contracted the illness in China.  One of the men arrived in Australia on January 6 and another arrived on January 19. The third man arrived on January 20 but only presented to hospital the following day.  Chief Medical Officer Dr Kerry Chant says she does not believe they were contagious on the flight to Australia as their symptoms did not become apparent until they were in Sydney. Dr Chant says details of the January 20 flight will be released in the coming days. NSW Health Minister Brad Hazzard says fourother cases are currently under investigation.  Some of those being tested are children. The first Australian case of coronavirus was confirmed earlier today with a man being held under isolation in a Melbourne hospital as health authorities warn more people are likely to be carrying the disease. News of the case came as Chinese authorities said the death toll from the outbreak of the new strain of the virus had jumped to 41, with 1,287 confirmed cases. NSW Health have tested and cleared 12 people. The Melbourne patient is a Chinese man in his 50s who recently spent time in the city of Wuhan, where the deadly outbreak is believed to have originated in an illegal wildlife market. He is in a stable condition at the Monash Medical Centre. His case has sparked concerns among health officials that more people with the virus may have arrived in Australia before Wuhan was locked down. "Given the number of cases that have been found outside of China and the significant traffic from Wuhan city in the past to Australia it was not unexpected that we would get some cases," Australia's Chief Medical Officer Professor Brendan Murphy said. "The risk to Australia I think is more in those people who travelled in the week up to last Thursday when the travel ban was put in place. But he moved to reassure the public that the risk from the disease was low. "Unless you have come into contact with someone who is unwell from that part of China, there is no need for concern," Professor Murphy said. Melbourne patient's GP failed to raise red flag The Melbourne coronavirus patient spent two weeks in Wuhan before coming to Australia, arriving in Melbourne on China Southern Airlines flight CZ321 from Guangzhou on the morning of Sunday, January 19, and has been with his family since then. The first leg of his trip was from Wuhan to Guangzhou. All the other passengers who were on the man's flight are being contacted and his family is being closely monitored for any signs of illness. This morning Victorian health authorities said it was "highly likely" more coronavirus infections would be confirmed, but said the risk of the disease spreading from person to person in the general community was low. Victorian Health Minister Jenny Mikakos said "the gentleman and the family did everything right." "He exhibited no symptoms on the flight and when he did experience some symptoms of illness they contacted the GP on Thursday, they called ahead and he was double-masked when he presented to the GP clinic. "He was not confirmed to have coronavirus by the GP. The family contacted the Monash Medical Centre on Friday, they called ahead of time and again he was masked before he turned up at [emergency] and [was] immediately put into isolation." Victoria's deputy chief health officer Angie Bone said she was concerned that the GP did not link a person coming from Wuhan and a respiratory virus with a possible case of coronavirus, but she was "very glad that the family then brought extra help the following day when he clearly wasn't getting any better." Dr Bone said the state would increase messaging to GPs and the doctor would be contacted and asked to monitor his own health. Four people in South Australia are also being tested for the virus, but health authorities say the chances they have the virus are low. Federal and state health ministers took part in a teleconference this afternoon to discuss Australia's response to the case. Entire cities in lockdown in China Europe's first three cases were confirmed in France on Friday, with two patients being hospitalised in Paris and the other in the south-western city of Bordeaux. On the eve of the Lunar New Year, transportation has been shut down in at least 13 Chinese cities with a combined population of some 36 million people. At least eight hospitals in Wuhan issued public calls for donations of masks, goggles, gowns and other protective medical gear, according to notices online. China's Government announced it was sending in military medics to Wuhan. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared the new coronavirus an "emergency in China" but stopped short of declaring it of international concern. Symptoms include fever, difficulty breathing and coughing. Most of the fatalities have been elderly people, many with pre-existing conditions, the WHO said. Thailand has confirmed four cases, Malaysia has three, Japan, South Korea and the United States have confirmed two cases each, while Taiwan and Singapore have reported one each. Indian authorities say an Indian nurse working in Saudi Arabia has also been infected, but Saudi health authorities say there has been no cases in the country so far. Airports worldwide are screening passengers arriving from China, with the US warning travellers to exercise increased caution in China. Hong Kong, which has two confirmed cases, is turning two holiday camps into quarantine stations as a precaution. Taiwan has banned anyone from Wuhan from going to the island. Australians urged not to travel to Wuhan and Hubei The Federal Government has raised travel advice for the province of Hubei, which includes the city of Wuhan, in China to the highest level, due to the threat posed by the coronavirus. The level four warning urges Australians not to travel to the region. Foreign Minister Marise Payne said Chinese authorities had restricted travel in at least five Hubei cities and Australians going there may not be able to leave until restrictions are lifted. Travellers are being warned that the level of assistance the Government can provide is limited. Prime Minister Scott Morrison said Australians should be assured that all necessary procedures were "swinging into place". "The confirmation today by Victorian authorities of the coronavirus case was a matter that had been anticipated," Mr Morrison said.  "The Australian Government, of course, has been taking this issue incredibly seriously and we have activated all the necessary precautions and procedures.  "I want to assure Australians our officials, our medical experts, clinicians, our border security officials and agencies, our biosecurity professionals, are working closely together at a Commonwealth and state level. "I'd urge Australians to go about their day, to go about their business, with the knowledge that professionals and experts — that are there to provide the support that is needed in times like this — are on the job." On Thursday the Prime Minister said Australia was well equipped in the event of an outbreak of coronavirus, and masks could be made available. "There are over 10 million protective masks in the national stockpile," Mr Morrison said. Earlier in the week the Chinese Government stopped all transport out of Wuhan. The last Wuhan flight to arrive in Australia landed in Sydney on Thursday morning, with patients met by health authorities on arrival. That precaution will continue to be put in place at all Australian airports for flights that arrive from China. https://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-25/first-confirmed-coronavirus-case-australian-as-china-toll-rises/11900428?pfmredir=sm    
    • Australian of the Year 2020 awarded to eye surgeon Dr James Muecke, with Ash Barty, youth advocate and obstetrician also honoured By Elise Pianegonda An eye surgeon has been named Australian of the Year for 2020 for his work preventing blindness. This year's winners: Dr James Mueke is named Australian of the Year for his work raising awareness of type 2 diabetes and its links to blindness  Pro tennis player Ash Barty is named Young Australian of the Year for inspiring young people to follow their dreams Obstetrics specialist Professor John Newnham is named Senior Australian of the Year for working to prevent pre-term births Bernie Shakeshaft is named Local Hero for his work establishing an education program for disadvantaged youth Dr James Muecke's work specifically focuses on the leading cause of blindness in adults — type 2 diabetes. When accepting the award, Dr Muecke said he viewed type 2 diabetes — something that impacts nearly one in every 10 Australians — as a "looming catastrophe for our health system". But he said he recognised he had 12 months as Australian of the Year to draw attention to the disease and instead chose to focus on Australia's "most recent catastrophe". "The uncompromising bushfires that have swept through our country have left widespread disruption and heartbreak in their wake, and few of us remain untouched," Dr Muecke said. "Too many people have lost their lives, and the devastation of our landscape and iconic wildlife is beyond belief. And all of this on the back of the unprecedented droughts and floods that have tortured our beloved country and farming communities over the past few years — my thoughts are with all who've been affected." Dr Muecke said throughout the turmoil the best of human nature had been on display and said in his eyes firefighters and emergency services personnel were the real heroes. "Whilst I've not been fighting fires, I humbly accept this award and, with it, my role to contribute to this great country," he said.   In 2000 Dr Muecke co-founded Vision Myanmar at the South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology and later co-founded Sight For All, a social impact organisation aiming to create a world where everyone can see. In a statement from the National Australia Day Council said Dr Muecke's "passionate and selfless commitment to preventing blindness here at home and around the world was literally changing lives". 'Doing our nation proud' Young Australian of the Year Ash Barty   The world's top women's tennis player, Ash Barty, was also honoured as the Young Australian of the Year for inspiring legions of fans through her actions both on and off the court. The 23-year-old from Ipswich in Queensland is the first Australian woman since Evonne Goolagong Cawley to hold tennis's world number one ranking. As an adult, Barty has won six singles titles on the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Tour, including one grand slam singles title at the 2019 French Open. She also sits in the top 20 of doubles players and was a doubles runner up for the Australian Open at the age of just 16.  But National Australia Day Council chair Danielle Roche said it was Barty's down-to-earth attitude that earned her the 2020 Young Australian of the Year Award. "Ash Barty is the world's number one tennis player, a champion athlete and an extraordinary young woman doing our nation proud," she said. "Her achievements are inspiring young Australians to follow their dreams." Barty did not accept her award in person, instead appearing via video link from Melbourne, where she is in the running for the Australian Open title. 2002 Australian of the Year and fellow tennis pro Pat Rafter presented Barty with the award, who said she was "very humbled". "I think for me, my whole life, all of my team, everyone I work with, it's about being your authentic self," she said. "This is incredibly humbling, and I know that it's going to be something that sits very, very high on my mantelpiece at home." Obstetrician whose work reduced pre-term births by eight per cent recognised Senior Australian of the Year John Newnham Being honoured with the title of Senior Australian of the Year was obstetrics specialist John Newnham. Professor Newnham is one of the world's leading authorities in the prevention of pre-term birth and his initiatives have been credited for reducing pre-term births in WA by eight per cent. Professor Newnham said as a young medical student he became fascinated by life before birth and how little was known about how those events could impact someone's health throughout their lives. "I believed I had found an undiscovered continent, and I have spent the rest of my life exploring it," he said. "Eight per cent of Australians are born pre-term and in Indigenous Australians, that rate is almost double. "We have shown in Western Australia that the rate can be safely reduced, improving the lives of many people. This is a whole-of-nation effort now, and I'm very proud and thrilled that this award will help propagate our efforts." 'We don't quit until the job is done' Australia's Local Hero Bernie Shakeshaft Bernie Shakeshaft was awarded the title of Australia's Local Hero at a ceremony in Canberra on Saturday night in honour of his work with disadvantaged rural youth. In 2006, after seeing the plight of children in his hometown of Armidale in New South Wales, Mr Shakeshaft began BackTrack — a not-for-profit organisation dedicated to reconnecting children with their education, families and communities. In the years since the youth program has gained the support of magistrates, police and mayors. It has also been credited for helping decrease the youth crime rate in Armidale by 38 per cent. Mr Shakeshaft said, for him, children were the most honest barometer of society. But it was a chance encounter with the chief executive of a bank at a Christmas party that allowed Mr Shakeshaft to begin his program and do something about it. Mr Shakeshaft built on the skills he had developed growing up and as a jackaroo in the Northern Territory learning from Aboriginal trackers to develop an alternative education program for kids who had lost interest in school. Children participating in the program can now gain skills like woodwork and welding while learning alongside dogs that help keep them focused and calm. "Thirteen years ago I started a personal dream with a handful of volunteers in an empty shed. Since that day, we just kept doing whatever it took to progress those young people," Mr Shakeshaft said. "If they can't read and write, we teach them to read and write. If they don't have somewhere to live, we provide somewhere to live. We even built a business employing unemployable kids." So far more than 1,000 children have taken part in the BackTrack program. When accepting the award, Mr Shakeshaft said BackTrack participants had been working alongside firefighters since September last year. "Through our experience I've noticed the parallels between the response to fires and our kids," he said. "When a fire breaks out, you need to take action and you need to do it quickly … we knew what we had to do, so we just got up and did it. "And just like the fires, we don't quit until the job is done https://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-25/australian-of-year-awards-2020-announced-in-canberra/11901006
    • Sri Lanka faces EU ire after government breaks UN war obligations Rajapaksa's stance risks country losing favored trade status with European bloc January 25, 2020 12:09 JST BANGKOK -- Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa faces his first test of diplomacy three months into his inaugural term, as he seeks to dilute the country's postwar commitments, possibly flouting U.N. resolutions. Rajapaksa plans to make his case to the United Nations Human Rights Council which is holding sessions in Geneva from late February, running the risk of raising the ire of the European Union, a major trading partner of the South Asian nation. The new government, formed in November, wants to roll back commitments made by the previous Sri Lankan administration in an October 2015 resolution at the U.N. Human Rights Council to heal the wounds of the 30-year civil war through "transitional justice." Those obligations include the setting up of an office for missing persons and establishing legal mechanisms to investigate alleged war crimes as part of "promoting reconciliation, accountability and human rights." The Rajapaksa government now wants the Office of Missing Persons to shutter operations and has also revealed plans to seek parliamentary approval for a new law to grant immunity to Sri Lankan soldiers who had allegedly committed war crimes during the conflict. A Sri Lankan woman holds up a poster of a family member who disappeared during the civil war at a silent protest to commemorate the missing in Colombo, in August 2016.   © Reuters The issue was brought into focus this week when Rajapaksa made a rare admission, during a meeting with U.N. Resident Coordinator Hanaa Singer in Colombo, that the people missing for over a decade since the war ended were in fact dead. A government-appointed commission in 2013 put the number at 23,586 people. His admission marked a major shift as Sri Lanka had in the past denied that the thousands who had been reported missing were dead. "President Rajapaksa outlined his plans to address the issue of missing persons," according to a statement released after the president met with Singer. "He explained that these missing persons are actually dead." The civil war ended in May 2009 after over 100,000 people were killed as government troops fought the separatist Tamil Tigers, who were also alleged to have committed war crimes. Referring to Rajapaksa's move, Sri Lankan human rights lawyer Sudarshana Gunawardana said: "These are the first steps to dismantling the transitional justice architecture. It is also sending a message that they [the Rajapaksa government] are going to break from the past." Sri Lankan Tamil Tigers carry the coffins of dead colleagues killed in a claymore bomb explosion at their northern stronghold of Kilinochchi in July 2007.   © Reuters But in a terse tweet this week, the EU reminded Colombo that breaking away from human rights commitments would cost the country economically. Sri Lankan exporters benefit hugely from the preferential trade access to the EU through the Generalized Scheme of Preferences, or GSP+, arrangement. "GSP+ is not automatic," the EU tweeted. "It is granted only if there is continued and effective implementation of 27 international conventions, related to human and labor rights, environment and good governance. The EU monitors this implementation closely." The tweets came after Prasanna Ranatunga, industrial export and investment promotion minister, said last weekend that the EU has "assured Sri Lanka it will continue with the GSP+ tax concessions until 2023." Diplomatic sources in Colombo said that the Rajapaksa government must take the EU seriously. "The government's spin is not going to get them far, and getting a break at the council may not be easy," said a Western diplomat. The EU is a major destination for Sri Lankan textile exports, which rose 5.1% to $5.1 billion in 2019. The EU absorbed $2.2 billion of those exports, a 5% increase over 2018. The EU reinstated its GSP+ trade preferences with Sri Lanka in 2017 and the impact was immediately felt. By 2018, the island's total export value rose to a record $17 billion, with nearly a third of foreign exchange earnings from the EU market. A family member of a soldier who died in the civil war cries in front of the wall with war heroes names at the war memorial, during a commemoration ceremony to mark the 10th anniversary of the end of the armed conflict between Tamil Tigers and government troops, in Colombo, May 2019.   © Reuters The EU had blacklisted Sri Lanka and frozen GSP trade preferences in 2010, due to the country's dismal human rights record under the regime of former President Mahinda Rajapaksa, Gotabaya's elder brother. That regime struck a combative note at the U.N. Human Rights Council and objected to pressure by Western governments to build in postwar accountability mechanisms. The U.N. had said that Sri Lanka had the worst record for missing persons after Iraq. Tens of thousands of people disappeared during bloody clashes triggered by a Marxist group and its ultranationalist allies, most belonging to the island's Sinhala-Buddhist majority in the south, between 1987 and 1990. The war in the north and the east was fought on ethnic lines, with the Tamil Tigers waging a battle for a separate state of Tamil Eelam. In August 2013, a government-appointed commission received 23,586 reports of people who had disappeared during the war. The numbers also included the names of some 5,000 government troops who were unaccounted for. Rajapaksa was one of the architects of the military's victory over the Tamil Tigers, as defense secretary to his brother Mahinda then. Not surprisingly, his admission that the people reported missing were actually dead prompted troubling questions. "He must explain how they died since he seems to know that they are dead," said Mathiaparanan Sumanthiran, a member of parliament for the Tamil National Alliance, an opposition party. Another TNA parliamentarian disputed Rajapaksa's statement, saying that most of the missing surrendered to the military in the final stages of the war. https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/Sri-Lanka-faces-EU-ire-after-government-breaks-UN-war-obligations