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இலங்கை மேதிகமாக எந்த வெளிநாட்டு கடனையும் பெற முடியாத நிலை - பந்துல

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Country cannot afford any more external borrowing - Bandula

  • If India reschedules its loan for SL, other countries will follow 
  • We will face the real debt crisis in 2025
  • Debt soared to Rs.13 trillion during Yahapalanaya regime
  • There is an economic risk involved in raising foreign currency loans 
  • It is always better to opt for internal borrowings despite impact on inflation
  • Education tourism vital as a development strategy 
  • For a year, some 20,000 Sri Lankans go abroad for higher education
  • Sajith is caught between the devil and the deep blue sea
  • UNP will suffer the most humiliating defeat at general election 
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igher Education Minister Bandula Gunawardane speaks about the current status of the economy, political situation and planned reforms in the higher education sector. Excerpts of the interview with him:   


 There is talk about a severe financial crisis. What is the actual situation?

There is a financial crisis. That is the reality. However, the most severe financial crisis is bound to happen in 2025. We will have to spend the largest amount of money for debt servicing along with interest in 2025. The loans obtained in 2015 for a grace period of ten years will mature for repayment by that time. Now, we have to settle loans taken in 2015 for a grace period of five years. The previous government had resorted to a lot of commercial borrowings by issuing sovereign bonds. In this instance, we have to make bullet payments, not in installments. We will face the real debt crisis in 2025.   

Outstanding loans remained at Rs.2 trillion in 2005. The 2005-2010 Mahinda Rajapaksa era faced the most severe financial problems in terms of global economic and fuel crises. Also, it had to finance the war effort. The economic growth flat-lined. We overcame this by raising loans. After the war ended, we raised a bulk of loans for the development of the north and east. In 2014, it increased to Rs.7 trillion. It means the then government had taken loans amounting to Rs.5 trillion.   

In 2015, there was no such crisis. The government had the additional advantage of the drop in fuel prices in the world market. Despite that, the then government could not carry out any visible development. Instead, debt soared to Rs.13 trillion.   

 Q :  However, the government is trying to raise further loans. Won’t the problem worsen then? image_974a01b37d.jpg

We have to adopt effective strategies to find money without opting for external borrowings. Some people, without a thorough knowledge on economics, talk about external borrowings at concessionary rates. Despite such concessionary rates, there is an economic risk involved in raising foreign currency loans. When the foreign currency value appreciates, the rupee component of such loans soars. When we raised a loan in Japanese Yen in the past, the exchange rate was less than 50 cents. By the time such loans mature for repayment, the Yen value would have appreciated by leaps and bounds. Foreign currencies appreciate in value. It is always better to go for internal borrowings despite impact on inflation.   

 Q  Is that the reason for the government to ask for a debt moratorium?

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa asked for rescheduling such loans. The Central Bank has experts in this regard. They are supposed to advise the government. The previous regime too enacted the Active Liability Management Act to work in this regard.   
Those who created a debt crisis have enacted this Act. If a friendly country like India grants us concessions, other friendly countries such as China will follow. Within the next two years after passing the budget, we can resuscitate the economy. If we can get these loans rescheduled for two years, we can rebuild this economy.   

image_5f11387c2f.jpg Investment flow from China is uncertain because of the crisis triggered by COVID-19. How will this situation affect the government’s development targets?

We should think of new investment opportunities. We believed in tourism as the best foreign exchange earner. We should now move away from it. Instead, we, like Malaysia, the United Kingdom and others, should pay attention to education tourism. 

That is one of the main foreign exchange earners in those countries. Although some people who act like frogs in the well call them education boutiques (Adhyapana Kada), the reality is that education tourism is important as a development strategy.   

In Malaysia, Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad built an education hub. Today, Malaysia is an international education hub. People travel to Malaysia for higher education. It has boosted the economy. If we remain entrapped in a trivial mindset being unable to derive insights from such world experiences, there won’t be any future for us. For a year, some 20,000 Sri Lankans go abroad for higher education. We admit around 30,000 students to the State university system. Most Sri Lankans travel to Australia. Some of them even go to destinations such as Azerbaijan which are not much sought after. Only after three students died in Azerbaijan did we come to know about it. Only after COVID-19 hit China we came to know that such a large number of Sri Lankan students were studying there. If we read English newspapers, we know the number of international education exhibitions being conducted there.   

Today, Bangladesh is rapidly growing. The growth rate is 8.1 per cent. It is an economy of USD 325 billion. I met with the Bangladeshi Higher Education Minister. Bangladesh is ready to send children to Sri Lanka if we have internationally-renowned universities. India is ready to send students to Sri Lanka if we have such universities. There are quite a number of Maldivian students studying here. I proposed to the government to invite such investments under the Board of Investment.   

 It will take some time for such investment projects to yield. People expect short-term results for problems at hand. What do you do about it?

It does not take many years. We can achieve results in one year. Today, countries do not allocate large building spaces for education. Technology is used for offering courses. Affluent people conversant with English follow correspondence courses while being at home. They even follow online courses for their doctorates. Children with English knowledge access international digital libraries. Campus courses are becoming outdated. Our universities rank much lower internationally. We should understand the global realities. We should upgrade the status of State universities. In 411 BC, Chinese monk Fa-Hsien arrived in Sri Lanka for studies. Sri Lanka has been an international education hub since then. We, unfortunately, have developed an exam-centric education system. We inherited it from the western powers that colonised us.   

 The government has set an ambitious target to admit all A/L qualifiers to the university system. How can you admit all of them with limited resources?

Actually, 181,000 will qualify for university education this time. Our target is to give all of them opportunities for higher education. We take up this challenge. We do not shy away from challenges. In ten years, we will admit 60,000 students. It is a 100 per cent increase. It is an achievement.   
We will revise most courses to be research-based, job-oriented programmes. Otherwise, there is no use of producing graduates with mere paper qualifications. We want to produce employable graduates. Secondly, there are institutions offering courses. These are non-profit organisations. We will convert them to degree-awarding institutions accredited by the University Grants Commission (UGC). We will be able to create education opportunities for at least 10,000 students for a year in them. Besides, there are higher education institutions offering courses. They will be upgraded as universities. My responsibility is to provide opportunities to at least 100,000 students.   

 What will happen if you lose the Higher Education Ministry in the next Cabinet appointment after the general election?

I will ask for this ministry at least for two more years till I achieve my target. I believe I can do it.   

 As for politics, we see a lot of infighting for preferential votes ahead of the general election. The representatives of Viyath Maga ask for slots. What is your view?

It does not affect me personally. I have been in Parliament for 30 years since 1989. I have contested under different symbols. The symbol is immaterial to me. People have chosen me as an eminent personality cutting across party lines in the Colombo District. They have voted me without expecting any personal favour in return. I don’t spend lavishly. I don’t throw parties for them. I only announce my preferential number.   
Today, voters admire the way President Gotabaya Rajapaksa works. It is good for me. They look up to someone who does not abuse power. They want someone who does not exploit people. People look to candidates with integrity. It is good for me.   

 But, infighting affects the unity of the government though it has no bearing on you. What is your view?

All will be contesting under the lotus bud symbol. In Colombo, people are more for the Viyath Maga ideology. People will reject those who are not in line with this thinking. Even Viyath Maga representatives will be rejected if the public impression on them is not good. This is a Sinhala Buddhist country. But others too have the freedom to follow their own religions. It is important to ensure an absolute majority for President Rajapaksa to run the government without being held to account by extremist forces.   

Today, opposition leader Sajith Premadasa is in a tussle over the elephant symbol. UNPers are sentimentally-attached to the elephant symbol. Mr. Premadasa is caught between the devil and the deep blue sea. Those who are around Mr. Premadasa are anti-Sinhala Buddhist forces. They abuse power. They don’t accept the Sinhala Buddhist identity. MP Mangala Samaraweera is a classic example. He acted as the theoretician of Mr. Premadasa. The UNP will suffer the most humiliating defeat at this election whatever symbol it chooses.   

http://www.dailymirror.lk/opinion/Country-cannot-afford-any-more-external-borrowing-Bandula/231-183941

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The only way to sustain the coffers is by attracting the 4 million strong Tamil Diaspora to invest in Sri Lanka.  Most of the Colombo developments are bought by Tamil Diaspora.  

 

Government should grant dual citizenship fast and have an economic development wing to attract diaspora to invest.  

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28 minutes ago, ampanai said:

If India reschedules its loan for SL, other countries will follow 

இந்தியாவின் கையில் ஒரு பலமான துரும்பு. 

30 minutes ago, ampanai said:

Debt soared to Rs.13 trillion during Yahapalanaya regime

தலைக்கு 5 இலட்ச்சம் ரூபாய்கள் கடன் !!!

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4 minutes ago, ampanai said:

இந்தியாவின் கையில் ஒரு பலமான துரும்பு. 

ட்ரம்ப் சென்ற போது வெளியில் வராத ஆனால் 
பேசப்பட்ட விடயம் இந்தோ பசுபிக் குவாட் அதில் இந்தியாவிடம் சிறி லங்காவை வழிக்கு கொண்டு வரும் பொறுப்பு கொடுத்திருக்கிறார்கள்.  இந்த துருப்பு சீட்டு ஒரு வரம்.

2 minutes ago, விவசாயி விக் said:

ட்ரம்ப் சென்ற போது வெளியில் வராத ஆனால் 
பேசப்பட்ட விடயம் இந்தோ பசுபிக் குவாட் அதில் இந்தியாவிடம் சிறி லங்காவை வழிக்கு கொண்டு வரும் பொறுப்பு கொடுத்திருக்கிறார்கள்.  இந்த துருப்பு சீட்டு ஒரு வரம்.

இவர்களும் நேபாலை போல் நொன் அலைன்மெண்ட் பொறிமுறை பாவிக்கலாம் என்று பார்க்கிறார்கள்.  ஆனால் அந்த பருப்பு வேகாது.

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1 minute ago, விவசாயி விக் said:

ட்ரம்ப் சென்ற போது வெளியில் வராத ஆனால் 
பேசப்பட்ட விடயம் இந்தோ பசுபிக் குவாட் அதில் இந்தியாவிடம் சிறி லங்காவை வழிக்கு கொண்டு வரும் பொறுப்பு கொடுத்திருக்கிறார்கள்.  இந்த துருப்பு சீட்டு ஒரு வரம்.

மகிந்த அண்ட் கோ சீனாவுடன் கை கோர்த்து இருந்தது. இப்பொழுது அந்த நம்பிக்கை மீது பலமான அடி. 
கொழும்பின் செயற்கை நகரமும் 40 பில்லியன் அமெரிக்க முதலீடும் இல்லாமல் மத்தள விமான நிலையம் மாதிரி ஆகிவிடலாம் இல்லை பெரியளவில் முதலீடுகள் நடக்க மாட்டாது. 

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1 hour ago, ampanai said:

மகிந்த அண்ட் கோ சீனாவுடன் கை கோர்த்து இருந்தது. இப்பொழுது அந்த நம்பிக்கை மீது பலமான அடி. 
கொழும்பின் செயற்கை நகரமும் 40 பில்லியன் அமெரிக்க முதலீடும் இல்லாமல் மத்தள விமான நிலையம் மாதிரி ஆகிவிடலாம் இல்லை பெரியளவில் முதலீடுகள் நடக்க மாட்டாது. 

சீனா... இப்போதிருக்கும் நிலையில் மட்டுமல்ல...
இனி வருங்காலத்திலும், இலங்கைக்கு உதவிகள் செய்ய முடியாத நிலையே ஏற்படும்.

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12 hours ago, தமிழ் சிறி said:

சீனா... இப்போதிருக்கும் நிலையில் மட்டுமல்ல...
இனி வருங்காலத்திலும், இலங்கைக்கு உதவிகள் செய்ய முடியாத நிலையே ஏற்படும்.

Royal Australian Navy Ship Parramatta to visit Sri Lanka
Wed, Mar 4, 2020, 11:00 am SL Time, ColomboPage News Desk, Sri Lanka.

HMASParamatta.jpg

Mar 04, Colombo: The Royal Australian Navy’s frigate HMAS Parramatta will visit Colombo on March 7 to continue the close maritime security cooperation between Australia and Sri Lanka, the Australian High Commission in Colombo said. 

As part of its four-month deployment to South and South-east Asia, the visit to Colombo will provide an opportunity for Sri Lankan and Australian Navy personnel to foster professional and personal relationships through a range of technical and social engagements, the high commission said. 

HMAS Parramatta is the Australian Navy’s first deployment of 2020 and builds upon the success of our Indo-pacific Endeavour 2019 exercise last year. This demonstrates Australia’s strong commitment to cooperation with Sri Lanka. 

As Indo-pacific nations, Australia and Sri Lanka are working together on the continuation of a rules-based regional order, where the Indian Ocean remains free, open and inclusive.

Australian High Commissioner to Sri Lanka David Holly said Sri Lanka and Australia share the same vision for cooperation, respect for rules and norms, transparency, economic sustainability and mutual respect in the Indian Ocean region.

“Sri Lanka is a partner of choice for Australia as we work together to embed a commitment to international law and unimpeded trade flows. Our cooperation includes a commitment to stop the scourge of human smuggling to Australia.”

HMAS Parramatta with 200 officers and sailors will arrive in Colombo on 7 March and will depart on March 11.

During the stay, the Australian and Sri Lankan Navies will work together on a range of subjects, including shipborne helicopter operations, vessel boarding and search capabilities, engineering, and maritime surveillance.

After departing on 11 March, HMAS Parramatta and Sri Lankan Navy vessels will practice interoperability during a passage exercise.

After the ship visit to Sri Lanka, HMAS Parramatta will visit India, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

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6 minutes ago, விவசாயி விக் said:

The Royal Australian Navy’s frigate HMAS Parramatta will visit Colombo on March 7 to continue the close maritime security cooperation between Australia and Sri Lanka, the Australian High Commission in Colombo said. 

ஒபாமா அதிபராக இருந்த காலத்தில், அவர் முதல் முறையாக அவுசில் அமெரிக்க இராணுவ தளத்தை திறந்தார். காரணம் : சீனா 

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On 3/4/2020 at 11:44 AM, ampanai said:

ஒபாமா அதிபராக இருந்த காலத்தில், அவர் முதல் முறையாக அவுசில் அமெரிக்க இராணுவ தளத்தை திறந்தார். காரணம் : சீனா 

அடித்து பிடித்து சீனாவிடம் கொரோனா கடன் வாங்கி விடடார்கள் போல் உள்ளது.

 

Sri Lanka could finalize billion dollar plus China loan within weeks

Thursday March 5, 2020 12:48:33
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ECONOMYEXT – Sri Lanka is making good progress with loans of more than a billion US dollars loan from China Development Bank, which may be finalized within weeks, Central Bank Deputy Governor Nandalal Weerasinghe said.

Discussions centered around a loan of 1 to 2 billion US dollars, but could be around 1.3 billion US dollars, he said.

The loan could be finalized within weeks, he said and could amount to around 1.3 billion US dollars.

The loan would be within the borrowing limits approved in a vote on account up to April, Weerasinghe said.

Sri Lanka’s budget deficit is expected to rise to 7.5-7.9 percent of the gross domestic product in 2020, after value-added taxes were slashed.

A cash injection from China would help keep domestic interest rates in check.

Data showed that the government borrowing from the banking system was 120 billion rupees in January. (Colombo/Mar05/2020)

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3 hours ago, விவசாயி விக் said:

அடித்து பிடித்து சீனாவிடம் கொரோனா கடன் வாங்கி விடடார்கள் போல் உள்ளது.

ஆனால், வட்டி வீதம், மீளளிக்கப்பட வேண்டிய கால அட்டவணை மற்றும் மீளளிக்க முடியாவிட்டால் எந்த நிலத்தை சீனாவிற்கு தாரை வார்ப்பது என்ற விளக்கங்கள் இல்லை. எதிர்க்கட்சியும் இல்லை.

நமோ நமோ நாமம் தான் 😞 

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    • ஒபாமா தொடக்கி வைத்த இன சண்டை முத்துகிறது.  இந்த நிகழ்வுகளை பாவித்து அமெரிக்காவில் மார்சல் சட்டம் கொண்டுவரலாம்.  மற்றும் இப்போது வேலை இல்லாமல் இருக்கும் பல கறுப்பு, மெக்சிக்க மக்கள் இப்போது கோபத்தின் உச்சத்தில் உள்ளார்கள். பின் இந்த உணர்ச்சியை பாவித்து பல மில்லியன் சிறுபான்மை இனத்தினர் இராணுவத்தில் சேர்க்கப்படுவார்கள். உலக போர் மூன்று:  ஆயிரம் வருட அமைதிக்கான கடைசி போர் 
    • எதிர்வரும் தேர்தலை முன்னிட்டு, மலையக மக்களுக்காக  பல திட்டங்களை மகிந்தவுடன் சேர்த்து, வழக்கத்தினை விட மிக நீண்ட நேரம் ஒன்றாக இருந்து பேசி, நிறைவேற்றி வீடு திரும்பிய ஆறுமுகம் தொண்டைமான் மரணச்செய்தி கிடைத்ததும், முதலில் நம்ப மறுத்த மகிந்த, மிகுந்த மனக்கிலேசத்துக்கு ஆளானார். உடனடியாக வைத்தியசாலைக்கு சென்று, பார்த்த மகிந்தா, மிகவும் மனக்கவலையில், உணர்வு பூர்வமாக இருந்ததை பார்க்கக்கூடியதாக இருந்தது என தெரிவிக்கப்படுகின்றது. சில மணிநேரங்களுக்கு முன்னர், தன்னுடன் பேசிக் கொண்டிருந்த ஒருவர், இறந்து போனதை அவரால் நம்பவோ, ஜீரணிக்கவோ முடியவில்லையாம். பல மலையகத்தலைவர்கள், அங்கும், இங்கும் பாய்ந்தாலும், என்றும் தனது உறுதியான, அரசியல் ஆதரவாளராக, வடக்கில் டக்ளஸ் போல, இருந்தவரே ஆறுமுகம் என்பதால், மகிந்தா மிகுந்த கவலையடைந்துள்ளாராம். அரசியல் தலைவர்கள் அனைவரினதும் பிறந்தநாளை குறித்து வைத்திருக்கும் பழக்கம் கொண்ட மகிந்தா, அந்தநாளில் காலையில் அவர்களுக்கு அழைத்து வாழ்த்து சொல்வது வழக்கம். மே 29ம் திகதி பிறந்தநாள் குறித்து சொல்லி முன்கூட்டி வாழ்த்தி, நான் அன்று காலை அழைப்பேன் என்று கூறி இருக்கிறார். அந்த திகதிக்கு முன்னரே மரணித்தார் ஆறுமுகம்.  முக்கியமாக, மனித வாழ்க்கையின் நிலையாமை குறித்து, தனது வாழிவின், மாலைப்பொழுதில் (in his evening of the life) இருக்கும் மகிந்தா, விளங்கிக் கொண்டிருப்பாரோ. 
    • Note:  Floyd worked with this officer before.   Widespread unrest as curfews defied across US Protesters took to the streets of many cities to voice their anger following the death of George Floyd Curfews have been ordered in cities across the US to try to stem unrest sparked by the death of a black man in police custody. But they have been defied in many areas, with shops looted, cars burned and buildings attacked. Riot police have used tear gas and rubber bullets. President Donald Trump urged "healing" over the death of George Floyd but said he could not allow mobs to dominate. A white ex-policeman is charged with murdering Mr Floyd, 46, in Minneapolis. Derek Chauvin, 44, is due to appear in court on Monday. In video footage, Mr Chauvin can be seen kneeling on Mr Floyd's neck for several minutes on Monday. Mr Floyd repeatedly says that he is unable to breathe.  Three other officers present at the time have also since been sacked. The Floyd case has reignited US anger over police killings of black Americans. It follows the high-profile cases of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Eric Garner in New York and others that have driven the Black Lives Matter movement. But for many it also reflects years of frustration over socioeconomic inequality and segregation, not least in Minneapolis itself. What's the latest on the protests? Huge demonstrations have taken place in at least 30 cities across the US. They were largely peaceful on Saturday, but violence flared later in the day. One of the cities worst affected by unrest is Los Angeles. California Governor Gavin Newsom declared a state of emergency in the city and activated the National Guard - the reserve military force that can be called on to intervene in domestic emergencies. The entire city is under a 20:00 to 05:30 curfew. Numerous shops have been looted, including on the famous retail avenues, Melrose and Fairfax, while overhead footage showed fires burning. Earlier police fired rubber bullets and hit protesters with batons. Hundreds of arrests have been made. Mayor Eric Garcetti said this was "the heaviest moment I've experienced" since the riots in 1992 that were sparked by the acquittal of police over the beating of Rodney King. Reuters Police are deployed as a fire burns in Los Angeles, which is under curfew In New York, video showed a police car driving into a crowd of protesters. Mayor Bill de Blasio said the situation was not started by the officers, but Congress Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez said his comments were unacceptable and he should not be making excuses for the officers. Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot imposed a 21:00 to 06:00 curfew until further notice, saying she was "disgusted" by the violence. "I've seen protesters hurl projectiles at our police department... bottles of water, urine and Lord knows what else," she said. In Atlanta, protesters remained on the streets after the curfew began, damaging property and vehicles. Dozens of arrests were made. Getty Images A firework explodes near a police line during a protest in Atlanta Minneapolis, where George Floyd died, has seen less violence overnight. Some 700 National Guard officers are aiding police and they acted quickly to enforce the curfew imposed there. The Star Tribune said the action had so far headed off the unrest of the previous night. For the second day running, a large crowd of protesters taunted National Guard officers outside the White House in Washington, DC.  Indianapolis was one of the cities that had seen peaceful protests during the day turn violent later. At least one shooting death has occurred, but police said no officers had discharged weapons. In under-curfew Philadelphia, 13 police officers were hurt and at least 35 arrests made as stores were looted, police cars torched and buildings defaced. Overnight curfews have also been declared in Miami, Portland and Louisville, among other cities, although many were simply ignored. San Francisco is the latest to impose a curfew, announced by Mayor London Breed for 20:00 local time on Sunday, after looting and violence. But amid the violence there were also moments of solidarity. In Flint, Michigan, Sheriff Chris Swanson took off the riot helmets of his men, laid down batons and asked protesters what they wanted. After hugs and high fives, they chanted "walk with us" and the sheriff did. What has the president said? On Saturday evening, Mr Trump said that Mr Floyd's death had "filled Americans with horror, anger and grief". "I stand before you as a friend and ally to every American seeking peace," he said in a televised address from Cape Canaveral in Florida, following the launch into orbit of two Nasa astronauts by billionaire Elon Musk's SpaceX company. Getty Images Minnesota residents arrange food and drink donations for those participating in peaceful protests The president denounced the actions of "looters and anarchists", accusing them of dishonouring the memory of Mr Floyd. What was needed, he said, was "healing not hatred, justice not chaos". "I will not allow angry mobs to dominate - won't happen," he added. Mr Trump has blamed the mayor of Minneapolis - a Democrat - for failing to control the protests, which are the worst since the president took office. The president's Democratic Party rival, Joe Biden, has accused him of giving oxygen to bigotry and said those responsible for Mr Floyd's death must be held accountable. But he also condemned rioting, saying: "Protesting such brutality is right and necessary. But burning down communities and needless destruction is not." Many mayors and local officials have been trying to separate the genuine protests over Mr Floyd's death from the violent unrest, often blaming "outsiders" for the looting and arson. There have been many reports of residents trying to stop acts of violence. Rapper Killer Mike: "It is your duty not to burn your own house down for anger with an enemy" What happened to George Floyd? On Monday night, police received a phone call from a neighbourhood grocery store alleging that George Floyd had paid with a counterfeit $20 note. Officers were attempting to put him in a police vehicle when he dropped to the ground, telling them he was claustrophobic. According to police, he physically resisted officers and was handcuffed. Video of the incident does not show how the confrontation started.  With Mr Chauvin's knee on his neck, Mr Floyd can be heard saying "please, I can't breathe" and "don't kill me". According to a preliminary autopsy by the county medical examiner, the police officer had his knee on Mr Floyd's neck for eight minutes and 46 seconds - almost three minutes of which was after Mr Floyd became non-responsive. Minnesota governor on George Floyd death: 'Thank God a young person had a camera to video it' Nearly two minutes before Mr Chauvin removed his knee the other officers checked Mr Floyd's right wrist for a pulse and were unable to find one. He was taken to hospital and pronounced dead around an hour later. The preliminary autopsy, included in the criminal complaint against Mr Chauvin, did not find evidence of "traumatic asphyxia or strangulation". The medical examiner noted Mr Floyd had underlying heart conditions and the combination of these, "potential intoxicants in his system" and being restrained by the officers "likely contributed to his death". Mr Chauvin was charged on Friday with third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter over his role in Mr Floyd's death. Mr Floyd's family said they wanted a more serious, first-degree murder charge as well as the arrest of the three other officers involved.  Hennepin County Prosecutor Mike Freeman said he "anticipates charges" for the other officers but would not offer more details.
    • இதை தான் மேல் ஓட்ட‌மாய் , க‌ள‌ உற‌வு ( எப்போதும்த‌மிழ‌ன்)க்கு எழுதினான் / திராவிட‌த்தின் தேர்த‌ல் ப‌ல‌ம்மே ப‌ண‌ம் , இப்ப‌ இருக்கிற‌ இளைய‌த‌லைமுறை பிள்ளைக‌ள் வ‌ள‌ந்து வாக்கு அளிக்கு. நிலை வ‌ரும் போது த‌மிழ் நாட்டு அர‌சிய‌லில் மாற்ற‌ம் தெரியும் தாத்தா , ஒரு சில‌ரின் எழுத்தை வாசிக்க‌ சிரிப்பு தான் வ‌ருது , திராவிட‌த்தை வீழ்த்தி ம‌ற்ற‌வ‌ர்க‌ள் ஆட்சியை பிடிக்க‌ முடியாது என்று ந‌க்க‌ல் பாணியில் எழுதுகிறார்க‌ள் , திமுக்காவுக்கு தில் இருந்தா ப‌ண‌ம் ம‌க்க‌ளுக்கு தேர்த‌ல் நேர‌ம் கொடுக்காம‌ தேர்த‌ல‌ ச‌ந்திக்க‌ துணிவு இருக்கா என்றால் சுத்த‌மாய் இல்லை / ஊழ‌லுக்கு பெய‌ர் போன‌ கூட்ட‌த்தையே சில்ல‌ரை காசை வேண்டி போட்டு ஜெயிக்க‌ வைக்குதுக‌ள் என்றால் உண்மையில் அவ‌ர்க‌ளுக்கு ஓட்டு போடுப‌வ‌ர்க‌ளுக்கு சிந்திக்கும் திற‌மை இல்லை தாத்தா